Fossil Fuels: Sources, Environmental Concerns and Waste Management Practices


Rakesh Kumar, PhD (Editor)
Department of Applied Chemistry, BIT Mesra, Patna Campus, India

Series: Energy Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: TEC031030

The development of low-carbon energy is progressing too slowly to limit global warming. With power generation still dominated by coal and governments failing to increase investment in clean energy, the target of controlling the rise in global temperature is a tough task. This book is written so as to address some of the issues, as well as waste management practices of fossil fuels and modified fossil fuels through ten original and very interesting chapters. Carbon sequestration of fossil fuels has been greatly emphasized so as to reduce the carbon footprint.

The book starts with an overview of fossil fuels which include oil, natural gas and its hydrates, coal, kerogen shale and peat. Information on reserves and extraction of each type of fuel is presented in Chapter One. The book continues with Chapter Two, where increased levels of sophistication for fossil fuels have been discussed to alleviate the subsequent depletion of fossil fuels. In Chapter Three, partial substitution of coal by renewable biomass in existing coal-fired boilers for power generation is presented. It has been stated that hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) offers a promising conversion process to upgrade raw biomass feedstock. In Chapter Four, discussion on the types of biomass and the ways to modify the same have been presented. Through Chapters Five to Eight, the reader will know the great potentials of gasification, mineral carbonation, geo-engineering and remote sensing in achieving almost zero emission.

With the increasing demand on renewable energy technologies that leave a minimal carbon footprint, efforts on the production of hydrogen from renewable sources such as bio-derived oxygenates have been gaining momentum. Chapter Nine discusses alcohol-based fuels which are widely studied because they can be produced and reformed at relatively low temperatures in liquid forms, and are free of sulphur compounds. Chapter Ten states that to compensate the stagnation in crude oil production, unconventional oil sources such as tar sands, extra-heavy oil and biofuel are gaining ground. (Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents


Chapter 1 – Environmental Problems of Extraction, Transportation, and Use of Fossil Fuels
(S.M. Govorushko, Pacific Geographical Institute, Vladivostok, Russia, and others)

Chapter 2 – Current Issues of Fossil Fuels and Their Future Prospects
(Kelvii Wei Guo, Department of Mechanical and Biomedical Engineering, City University of Hong Kong)

Chapter 3 – Co-Processing of Coal and Hydrochar Produced from Hydrothermal Carbonization (HTC) of Waste Biomass
(Zhengang Liu and R. Balasubramanian, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore)

Chapter 4 – Modified Biomass-Based Alternative Fuels
(Rakesh Kumar, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Patna Campus, Patna, India)

Chapter 5 – The Role of Gasification in Achieving Almost Zero Emissions in Energy Production from Coal
(Filomena Pinto and Rui Neto André, LNEG, Estrada do Paço do Lumiar, Lisboa, Portugal)

Chapter 6 – Carbon Neutral Materials from Co<sub>2</sub> Sequestration: The Mineral Carbonation Option
(Aimaro Sanna, Centre for Innovation in Carbon Capture and Storage, School of Engineering & Physical Sciences, Heriot-Watt University)

Chapter 7 – Geoengineering and Carbon Sequestration: Solutions for Fossil Fuel Emissions?
(Patrick Moriarty, Damon Honnery, Department of Design, Monash University-Caulfield Campus, Caulfield East, Victoria, Australia, and others)

Chapter 8 – Role of Remote Sensing in Forest Carbon Sequestration with Special Emphasis on Fossil Fuel Combustion
(Abhisek Santra, Department of Remote Sensing, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Patna Campus, Patna, India)

Chapter 9 – Steam Reforming of Ethanol at Low Temperature for Hydrogen Production
(Vincenzo Palma, Filomena Castaldo, Paolo Ciambelli and Gaetano Iaquaniello, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università di Salerno, Via Ponte Don Melillo, Fisciano (SA), and others)

Chapter 10 – The Second Half of the Fossil Fuel Age: Environmental Externalities, Net Energy and Energy Security Concerns
(Antonio García-Olivares and Antonio Turiel, Institute of Marine Sciences, CSIC. Ps. Maritim de la Barceloneta, Barcelona, Spain)


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