Forensic Analysis of Gunshot Residue, 3D-Printed Firearms, and Gunshot Injuries: Current Research and Future Perspectives

James Cizdziel and Oscar Black (Editor)
University of Mississippi, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, MS, USA

Series: Criminal Justice, Law Enforcement and Corrections
BISAC: SOC004000

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Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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As technology continues to advance forward, it is crucial that the forensic disciplines maintain their lead over the criminal element. The field of firearm analysis is one such area that has experienced rapid developments, spurred on by recent technological advancements. With the invention of high resolution 3D-printing, new improvements in instrumental techniques such as Raman Spectroscopy and Mass Spectrometry, and improvements in simulation capabilities for ballistic wounding potential, entirely new fields of study have evolved. This book takes an in-depth look at the current state of gunshot residue analysis and wound ballistics, and showcases groundbreaking research in these crucial areas. The ramifications of the availability of 3D-printed firearms are also discussed, with authors submitting evaluations of new and existing forensic methods on trace analysis of GSR and fingerprinting, as well as potential protocol adaptations to better address the unique challenges of 3D-printed firearms. Whereas this book is primarily oriented toward forensic researchers and practitioners, others with an interest in keeping up with developments in forensic science may find it informative and useful.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Emerging Research Addressing Current Needs in Gunshot Residue Analysis
(Candice Bridge, Ph.D., and Monica Joshi, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Department of Chemistry, Research Professor, National Center for Forensic Science, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, US, and others)

Chapter 2. Vibrational Spectroscopy: The New Horizon for Gunshot Residue Analysis
(Shelby R. Khandasammy and Igor K. Lednev, PhD, Graduate Research Assistant, Department of Chemistry, State University of New York, Albany, Albany, NY, US, and others)

Chapter 3. The Advent of 3D-Printed Firearms and Its Implications for Forensic Analysis
(Oscar Black and James V. Cizdziel, PhD, Graduate Student, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Mississippi, University, MS, US, and others)

Chapter 4. Evaluation of Fingerprint Development Techniques on 3D-Printed Firearms
(Caroline Spencer, Ann-Elodie Robert, Oscar Black, Shannon Roy, James V. Cizdziel, PhD, Murrell Godfrey, PhD, Graduate Student, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Mississippi, University, MS, US, and others)

Chapter 5. Ballistic Considerations in Gunshot Injuries
(Panagiotis K. Stefanopoulos, MD, DMD, Dionisios Pinialidis, MD, Nikolaos Tsiatis, PhD, Olga Panagiotopoulou, PhD, Dimitra G. Koutsouvela, PhD, Jorge Herbstein, MD, and Nikolaos S. Salemis, MD, PhD, Maxillofacial Surgeon, Private Practice, and others)

Chapter 6. Biomechanics of Gunshot Injuries and Applications to Wound Ballistics Research
(Panagiotis K. Stefanopoulos, MD, DMD, Dimitra G. Koutsouvela, PhD, Olga Panagiotopoulou, PhD, Jorge Herbstein, MD, Nikolaos Tsiatis, PhD, George Mikros, MD, Dionisios Pinialidis, MD, Nikolaos S. Salemis, MD, PhD, Maxillofacial Surgeon, Private Practice, and others)

Index

Keywords: Gunshot Residue, 3D-Printed Firearms, Instrumental Analysis, Raman, FTIR, Mass Spectrometry, Fingerprints, Firearms

Audience: Forensic professionals, forensic instructors/students, forensic researchers, and anyone interested in forensic analysis of firearms.

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