Food, Nutrition and Eating Behavior

Joav Merrick, MD, MMedSci, DMSc, (Editor)
Medical Director, Health Services, Division for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services, Jerusalem, Israel
Division of Adolescent Medicine, KY Children’s Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Lexington, Kentucky, USA
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Jerusalem, Israel
Division of Pediatrics, Hadassah Hebrew University Medical Centers, Mt Scopus Campus, Jerusalem, Israel
School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Sigal Israeli (Editor)
Chief Nutritionist, Ministry of Social Affairs and Social Services, Jerusalem, Israel

Series: Health and Human Development
BISAC: HEA017000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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Eating habits are influenced by social, cultural, religious, economic, environmental and individual factors. On the whole, people eat to stay alive and get their nutrition, but they also eat to show belonging to family or other social groups. Eating habits are linked to acceptable patterns of behavior, which differs across countries, cultures and ethnic or religious groups. The food you eat affects your health and also puts you at risk for certain diseases. To eat healthier food, people may need to change some habits and also their environment. But in the Western world, habits are hard to change and in many countries, there is a reputation for reckless eating. People fill their cups with fatty, sugary, high-calorie foods instead of more nutritious fruits and vegetables that the experts tell us to eat.

The result is an increase in obesity, heart disease and higher mortality. Our eating habits also change over time and across generations. The types of food we liked as children are not the same foods we like as adults, and what we eat is not what the generation before us ate. In this book, one will find examples of the younger generation, who are not always snacking on healthy food. Chocolate bars and biscuits between or instead of regular meals can lead to obesity and health problems. As a person grows up and becomes more aware of health hazards, they also become more concerned with nutrition and health issues, especially if they experience health problems that will eventually make them change their eating habits. Healthy eating is not about strict nutrition rules, but finding a way to get the right nutrition in one’s food and meals, avoiding unhealthy habits and keeping oneself as healthy as possible. (Imprint: Nova)


Section 1: Breastfeeding

Chapter 1. Memorable Stories about Mothers’ Experiences with Breastfeeding
(Cecilia S. Obeng and Adrienne Shivers, Applied Health Science Department, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA)

Chapter 2. Role of Breastfeeding in Primary Prevention of Bone and Joint Diseases in Children: Current Concepts
(Angelos Kaspiris, Efstathios Chronopoulos, Chrisi Zaphiropoulou and Elias Vasiliadis, Department of Trauma and Orthopedics, “Thriasio” General Hospital-NHS, Attica and Sector of Pediatrics, OAEE National Primary Care Trust, Achaia, Greece)

Section 2: Nutrition and Malnutrition

Chapter 3. Low-Fat, No-Fat, and Sugar-Free
(Kim Bissell, Department of Journalism, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA)

Chapter 4. Nutritional Status of Nigerian Children with Sickle Cell Anaemia
(Barakat A. Animasahun, Urowoli P. Nwodo, Adaobi N. Izuora and Olisamedua F. Njokanma, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria)

Chapter 5. Nutrition among Saharawi Children Hosted in Spain
(Gloria Domènech, Sabina Escortell, Rosa Gilabert, Manuel Lucena, Ma. C. Martínez, Jordi Mañes and Jose M. Soriano, Observatory of Nutrition and Food Safety in Developing Countries, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Valencia, Burjassot, Spain)

Chapter 6. Sodium Intake and Hypertension in Canada
(Frank Mo, Bernard C.K. Choi and Howard Morrison, Social Determinants and Science Integration Directorate, Public Health Agency of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, and others)

Chapter 7. Child Malnutrition and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
(Daniel Schwekendiek, Faculty of Economics, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany)

Section 3: Diabetes Mellitus

Chapter 8. Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
(Alphonsus N. Onyiriuka and Edirin O. Yusuf, Department of Child Health and Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria)

Chapter 9. The Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Drugs Used to Treat Painful Diabetic Neuropathy
(John Edelsberg, Claudia Lord and Gerry Oster, Policy Analysis Inc (PAI), Brookline, Massachusetts, USA)

Chapter 10. Low W-6/W-3 Ratio Dietary Pattern and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes Mellitus
(Ram B. Singh, Mahmood Moshiri, Fabien DeMeester, Lekh Juneja, Veerappan Muthusami and Shanmugam Manoharan, The Tsim Tsoum Institute, Krakow, Poland and others)

Chapter 11. Antidiabetic Potential of the Genus Cassia
(Amritpal Singh, Sanjiv Duggal, Sushma Devi and Navdeep Bharti, Department of Dravyaguna, Shri Dhanwantry Ayurvedic College, Chandigarh and Lovely School of Applied Medical Sciences, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, India)

Chapter 12. Painful Diabetic Neuropathy
(Nabil Majid, Mercy General Hospital, Sacramento, California, USA)

Section 4: Eating Behaviors

Chapter 13. Friendship, Media, Eating Behavior and Physical Activity in Adolescents
(Eveline J.M. Wouters and Rinie Geenen, Department of Allied Health Professions, Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Eindhoven and Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands)

Chapter 14. Hyperinsulinemia and Ovarian Hyperandrogenemia among Pre-Pubertal and Early Pubertal Obese Girls
(Rasha T. Hamza, Sherine M. Abdel-Fattah, Ahmed S. Abdel-Aziz and Amira I. Hamed, Departments of Pediatrics and Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt)

Chapter 15. Selective Visual Attention, Eye Movements during Social Comparisons and Eating Disorder Risk
(Steven Riley Thomsen, Carie Breckenridge, Valori Infanger and Lisa Harding, Department of Communication Eye Tracking Laboratory, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA)

Chapter 16. Recommendations for Family Interventions for Eating Disorders
(Uri Pinus, Adolescent Psychiatric Day-Care Unit, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, Israel)

Chapter 17. Student Food Decisions
(Jennifer L. Zuercher and Sibylle Kranz, Department of Foods and Nutrition, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana)

Chapter 18. Snack Consumption and Adolescent Urban School Girls
(Alphonsus N. Onyriuka, Eruke E. Egbagde and Eucharia P.A. Onyiriuka, Departments of Child Health and Medicine, University of Benin Teaching Hospital and Department of Health Education and Human Kinetics, Faculty of Education,University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria)

Section 5: Obesity

Chapter 19. Alternative Way of Measuring Fatness among Rural Children of Bengalee Ethnicity
(Gopal Chandra Mandal and Kaushik Bose, Bangabasi College, Kolkata, West Bengal and Department of Anthropology, Vidyasagar University, Paschim Midnapore, West Bengal, India and others)

Chapter 20. Insulin Sensitivity and Surrogates for Adiposity in Youth
(Robert G. McMurray, Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, Diane J. Catellier and Joanne S. Harrell, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA)

Chapter 21. Obesity and Quality of Life
(Eveline J. Wouters and Rinie Geenen, Department of Allied Health Professions, Fontys University of Applied Sciences, Eindhoven and Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands)

Section 6: End of Life

Chapter 22. Nutrients and Fluids at the End of Life
(Lee A. Bricker, Barry M. Kinzbrunner, Kevin J. Kavanaugh and Donald E. Greydanus, Department of Internal Medicine, Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Western Michigan University School of Medicine, Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA, and others)

Section 7: Acknowledgements

Chapter 23. About the Editors

Chapter 24. About the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development in Israel

Chapter 25. About the Book Series “Health and Human Development”

Section 8: Index

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