Fly Ash: Sources, Applications and Potential Environmental Impacts


Prabir Kumar Sarker, PhD (Editor)
Curtin University, Australia

Series: Environmental Remediation Technologies, Regulations and Safety
BISAC: TEC010000

Fly ash is a by-product of the combustion of coal and other waste materials. In recent years, there has been intensive research on fly ash because of the increasing demand for the recycling of industrial by-products to improve sustainability in manufacturing and infrastructure. This book presents some of the latest developments in the generation, characterization, utilization and environmental impacts of fly ash. Recent developments on the methods of collection and analysis of fly ash, and novel applications such as in geopolymers and recovery of resources from fly ash are included. This book is intended for professionals in research and academics, and students interested in materials and sustainability.

The book consists of 17 chapters contributed by 42 authors. Each chapter ends with an extensive list of references for further information. The topics on fly ash have been grouped into the following three parts: Part 1: Various sources, methods of collection, factors influencing collection efficiency, flow and hydrodynamic behaviours, methods of characterization, physical, chemical, leaching and radiation properties, and extraction of metals from fly ash; Part 2: Different technological initiatives on utilization, applications in the construction industry, use as a supplementary cementitious material, alkali-activated binder, polypropylene composite materials, and behaviour of fly ash geopolymer concrete; and Part 3: Health and environmental issues such as the effects on lung and heart, bioleaching for detoxification, ash from incinerated wastes, and lifecycle assessment of civil structures using fly ash. (Imprint: Nova)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Part A: Sources, Collection and Characterization of Fly Ash

Chapter 1. Generation, Characterization and Extracting of Silicon and Aluminium from Coal Fly Ash
(Zhi-tong Yao, College of Materials Science and Environmental Engineering, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou, China)

Chapter 2. Experimental Characterization and Hydrodynamic Behavior of Fly Ash Particles
(Javier R. Sánchez, Audelino Álvaro and Jesús Ma. Rodríguez, University of Salamanca, Department of Chemical and Textile Engineering, Plaza de los Caídos, Salamanca, Spain)

Chapter 3. Physical and Flow Properties of Fly Ash from Biomass Combustion
(Christof Lanzerstorfer, University of Applied Sciences, Upper Austria)

Chapter 4. Fly Ash Resistivity: Influencing Factors, Predicting Models and its Impacts on Electrostatic Precipitator Performance
(Shuran Li, Xiaoying Li, Yifan Huang, Zhen Liu and Keping Yan, Key Laboratory of Biomass Chemical Engineering of Ministry of Education
Industrial Ecological and Environmental Research Institute
Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, P.R. China)

Chapter 5. Coal Fly Ash from Brazilian Power Plants: Chemical and Physical Properties and Leaching Characteristics
(Denise A. Fungaro, Juliana C. Izidoro, Fernando S. Santos and Shaobin Wang, Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia, and others)

Chapter 6. Characterization and Utilization of Coal Combustion By-Products in Mongolia
(Jadambaa Temuujin, Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Mongolian Academy of Sciences, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia)

Part B: Utilization of Fly Ash

Chapter 7. Utilization of Fly Ash in the Construction Industry
(Salim Barbhuiya, Curtin Univeristy, Western Australia)

Chapter 8. Properties of High Strength Concrete Containing Class F Fly Ash
(Pradip Nath and Prabir K. Sarker, Department of Civil Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia)

Chapter 9. Use of Fly Ash in Combination with Bauxite Residue in Sustainable Concrete Manufacture
(Ade Sri Wahyuni and Hamid Nikraz, Department of Civil Engineering, Bengkulu University, Indonesia, and others)

Chapter 10. The Use of Alkali-Activated Fly Ash in the Production of Cement with Reduced Environmental Impact
(Alexandre Silva de Vargas, Angela Borges Masuero, Denise C.C. Dal Molin and Antônio C.F. Vilela, Department of Professional Masters in Materials Technology and Industrial Processes, Feevale University, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 11. Geopolymer Concrete using Fly Ash
Prabir K. Sarker and B. Vijaya Rangan, Department of Civil Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia)

Chapter 12. Composite Materials Based on Polypropylene (PP) Reinforced with Fly Ash: Rheological, Mechanical and Thermal Properties
(Santiago García Pardo, Ana Ares, María José Abad and Celina Bernal, Grupo de Polímeros, Universidad de A Coruña, Ferrol, España, and others)

Chapter 13. Technological Initiatives and Status of Fly Ash in India
(Anjan K. Chatterjee, Conmat Technologies Private Limited, Kolkata, India)

Part C: Health and Environmental Impacts of Fly Ash

Chapter 14. Oxygen Metabolism and Mitochondrial Function in the Lung and Heart after Exposure to Residual Oil Fly Ash
(Pablo Evelson, Natalia Magnani, Timoteo Marchini and Silvia Alvarez, Instituto de Bioquímica y Medicina Molecular (IBIMOL UBA-CONICET), Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina)

Chapter 15. Incinerated Sewage Sludge Ashes – Potential and Challenges
(Paula Guedes, Nazaré Couto, Lisbeth M. Ottosen and Alexandra B. Ribeiro, CENSE, Departamento de Ciências e Engenharia do Ambiente, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Caparica, Portugal and others)

Chapter 16. Fly Ash and the Use of Bioleaching for Fly Ash Detoxification
(Thulasya Ramanathan and Yen-Peng Ting, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore)

Chapter 17. Assessment of Potential Impacts of Fly Ash Utilization in the Slovak Road Engineering
(Marcela Ondova and Nadezda Stevulova, Technical University of Kosice, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Institute of Environmental Engineering, Kosice, Slovak Republic)



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