Fire and the Sword: Understanding the Many Facets of Organized Islamism. Volume 1


Christopher Anglim
University of the District of Columbia, Washington DC, USA

Series: Religion and Society
BISAC: REL037060

While “Islamism” or “Islamist groups” are concepts that frequently evoke much passion and controversy, they are often both misunderstood and used in a sensationalized manner. Students and the public should have a strong understanding of these concepts because many of the world’s most intractable contemporary conflicts involve Islamism and Islamic groups. An accurate understanding of Islamism, thus, is essential to informed decision-making on crucial issues of national security, world peace, global security, and international justice.

This guide is indispensable to understanding Islamism and the various types of Islamic groups that are active throughout the world. This work provides clear and concise notions of Islamism for the general reader. For example, it succinctly explains that Islamism is neither synonymous with the religion of Islam nor synonymous with Fundamentalist Islam. Islamism, instead, is a political ideology based on a strict and puritanical interpretation of Islam. The guide then distinguishes the various types of Islamism and their significance. Islamist groups can be peaceful vs. violent; gradualist or revolutionary; political vs. jihadist; or emphasize puritanical Islam as a means of social reform as opposed to purely individual reform. After discussing the various types of Islamism, the introduction discusses the historical context of Islamism, its significance, and the key approaches that various types of Islamism take to crucial issues. The guide also includes a detailed chronology covering the landmark events in Islamism’s history through to the present. The book presents entries for over 200 Islamist groups by region and then in alphabetical order. It includes the most powerful contemporary Islamist groups, such as: Al-Qaeda, Al-Shabaab, Boko Haram, Hamas, Hezbollah, and ISIS. The book also includes lesser known groups that have shaped the Islamist discourse. Each entry includes references and a further reading section to assist the reader in developing his or her research. The book also has a glossary that includes many of the most commonly used terms to discuss Islamism. This book would be a valuable addition to high school libraries, college and university libraries, public libraries, and many types of professional libraries.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Acronyms and Abbreviations



Islamism in the Middle East (pp. 1-2)

Chapter 1. The 1920 Revolution Brigades (pp. 3-6)

Chapter 2. Abdullah Azzam Martyr Battalion (AAMB) (Katlbat Al-Shahld) (pp. 7-8)

Chapter 3. The Abis Brigade/“al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya fi Bahrain”/The Isla Resistance in Bahrain”/Liwa Abis (pp. 9-10)

Chapter 4. Abu Hafs al-Masri Brigade (AHMB) (pp. 11-12)

Chapter 5. Abu Bakr al-Siddiq Fundamentalist Brigades (ABSB)/the Salafist Brigades of Abu Bakr/Al-Siddiq/Abu Bakr al Seddiq Brigades (pp. 13-16)

Chapter 6. Adalet ve Kalkýnma Partisi (AKP) (Justice and Development Party) (pp. 17-28)

Chapter 7. Aden-Abyan Islamic Army/Islamic Army of Aden (AAIA) (pp. 29-32)

Chapter 8. Al-Ahbash/Ja.’Wiyyat Al-Mashari’ Al-Khalriyya Al-Islamiyya/Association of Islamic Philanthropic Projects/Islamic Charity Projects Association (AICP) (pp. 33-34)

Chapter 9. Al-Asalah al-Islamiyah/Al-Aslah Islamic Society/Islamic Purity Society (pp. 35-36)

Chapter 10.Al-Aqsa Martyrs’ Brigade (AAMB)(pp. 37-38)

Chapter 11. Al Mahdi Army/Jaysh al-Mahdi (pp. 39-42)

Chapter 12. Al-Qaeda (AQ) (pp. 43-56)

Chapter 13. Al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) (pp. 57-60)

Chapter 14. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Pennisula (AQAP) (pp. 61-66)

Chapter 15. Al-Takfir Wal Al-Higra/Postasy and Immigration (ATWH) (pp. 67-74)

Chapter 16. Al-Wefaq/National Islamic Society/Islamic National Accord Association (pp. 75-78)

Chapter 17. Amal Movement/Lebanese Resistance Detachments, Movement of Hope, Movement of the Deprived (Harakat al-Mahrumin), Afwaj al Muqawamah al Lubnaniyyah (AMAL), Battalions of the Lebanese Resistance (pp. 79-80)

Chapter 18. Amal/Al-Amal-al Islami/Islamic Action Party (Bahrain) (pp. 81-84)

Chapter 19. Ansar al-Islam (AI)/Supporter of Islam (pp. 85-88)

Chapter 20. Ansar Bayt al Maqdis (ABM) (pp. 89-90)

Chapter 21. Asbat Al-Ansari/The League of Followers (AaA) (pp. 91-92)

Chapter 22. Association of Muslim Scholars (Iraq) (pp. 93-94)

Chapter 23. Benevolence International Foundation (BIF) (pp. 95-98)

Chapter 24. The Center Party (Hizb al-Wasat) (Egypt) (pp. 99-100)

Chapter 25. Charitable Society for Social Welfare (CSSW) (pp. 101- 104)

Chapter 26. Committee for Solidarity with Arab and Middle Eastern Political Prisoners/Comité de soutien avec les prisonniers politiques et arabes et du Moyen-Orient – (CSPPA) (pp. 105-106)

Chapter 27. Dawa Groups (pp. 107-110)

Chapter 28. Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP) (pp. 111-112)

Chapter 29. Developer’s Coalition/Abadgaran/(Iran) (pp. 113-114)

Chapter 30. Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ)/Vanguards of Conquest/Jihad Group/Al-Jihad Al-Islami/Islamic Jihad/ (pp. 115-118)

Chapter 31. Egyptian Islamist Political Parties (pp. 119-124)

Chapter 32. Egyptian Salafist Movement (pp. 125-128)

Chapter 33. Emni (Division of ISIS) (pp. 129-132)

Chapter 34. Fatah Al-Islam/Conquest of Islam (pp. 133-134)

Chapter 35. Fighting Vanguards of the Mujahidin/Al-Talap Al-Muqatlla (pp. 135-138)

Chapter 36. Freedom and Justice Party (FJP) (Egypt) (pp. 139-140)

Chapter 37. Great Eastern Islamic Raiders’ Front (IBDA-C)/Buyuk Dogu Anincilar Cephest/Islami/Great Islamic Eastern Warriors Front (pp. 141-142)

Chapter 38. Hamas (pp. 143-148)

Chapter 39. Hamas Iraq Hamas in Iraq/Hamas (IRA)/Islamic Resistance
Movement Hamas, Iraq: Al Fatah Al Islamy Brigades (pp. 149-152)

Chapter 40. Haq Movement for Liberty and Democracy (pp. 153-156)

Chapter 41. Hayat Thahrir al-Sham (Liberation of al-Sham Commission)
(HTS) (pp. 157-158)

Chapter 42. Hezbollah in Lebanon (pp. 159-164)

Chapter 43. Hirak/Southern Movement/al-Hirak al-Janubi (pp. 165-168)

Chapter 44. Houthis (pp. 169-176)

Chapter 45. Iran, Minor Islamic Political Parties (pp. 177-180)

Chapter 46. Islamic Action Front (IAF) (Jabhat al-Almat al-Islami) (IAF) (Jordan) (pp. 181-184)

Chapter 47. Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (pp. 185-188)

Chapter 48. Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS)/Islamic State (IS)/
the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)/ISIS (pp. 189-204)

Chapter 49. Islamic State in Yemen (Wilayah Yemen/Sanaa/Al Beyda/Aden-Bayan/Shaba/Hadramout) (pp. 205-206)

Chapter 50. Jabhat Fateh Al-Sham (the Front for the Conquest of the Levant)(JFS), Formerly Known, as the Jabhat al Nusra li Ahl al Sham (or Al Nusra Front)
(pp. 207-210)

Chapter 51. Jaish al-Fatah Coalition (pp. 211-212)

Chapter 52. Jaysh Rijal al-Tariqa al-Naqshbandia (JRTN), also Known as the Naqshbandi Army (pp. 213-220)

Chapter 53. Khorasan Group (KG) (pp. 221-222)

Chapter 54. Militant Clerics Association/Ruhaniyun/Majma-yi-Ruhaniyyun-i-Mobarez (Iran) (pp. 223-226)

Chapter 55. Milli Nizam Partisi/Party for National Order (MNP) (pp. 227-228)

Chapter 56. Mujahedeen-e-Khalq Organization (MEK)/Mujahedin-e Khalq Organization (MEK or MKO) National Liberation Army of Iran(NLA)/People’s Mojahedin of Iran (PMOI)/National Council of Resistance (NCR)/National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)/Muslim Iranian Student’s Society (pp. 229-234)

Chapter 57. Mujahidin Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem (MSC) (pp. 235-236)

Chapter 58. Muslim Brotherhood (pp. 237-244)

Chapter 59. Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan/Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood (pp. 245-246)

Chapter 60. Muslim Brotherhood in Syria (pp. 247-250)

Chapter 61. National Turkish Student Union (MTTB) (pp. 251-252)

Chapter 62. Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ)/Harakat al-Jihad al-Islami fi Filastin/Islamic Jihad/Islamic Jihad Palestine (IJP)/Islamic Jihad – Palestine Faction and Islamic Holy War (pp. 253-256)

Chapter 63. Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine – General Command (PFLP-GC) (pp. 257-258)

Chapter 64. State of Sinai/Sinai Province of the Islamic State/Wilayat Sinai (pp. 259-262)

Chapter 65. Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq (pp. 263-266)

Chapter 66. Takfiri Groups (pp. 267-270)

Chapter 67. Tawhid and Jihad/Monotheism and Jihad (pp. 271-272)

Chapter 68. Turkish Islamic Jihad (TIJ) (pp. 273-276)

Chapter 69. Waliy Al-Faqih/The Jurist’s Guardian (pp. 277-278)

Chapter 70. World Islamic Front for Jihad Against Jews and Crusaders (pp. 279-280)

Chapter 71. Yemeni Association for Reform/Al-Tajammu’ Al-Yemeni Li Al-Islah/Tajammu’ al-Yamani li’l-Islah (pp. 281-286)

Glossary (pp. 287-300)

About the Author (pp. 301-302)

Index (pp. 303)

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