Fire and the Sword: Understanding the Impact and Challenge of Organized Islamism. Volume 2


Christopher Anglim
University of the District of Columbia, Washington DC, USA

Series: Religion and Society
BISAC: REL037060

While “Islamism” or “Islamist groups” are concepts that frequently evoke much passion and controversy, they are often both misunderstood and used in a sensationalized manner. Students and the public should have a strong understanding of these concepts because many of the world’s most intractable contemporary conflicts involve Islamism and Islamic groups. An accurate understanding of Islamism, thus, is essential to informed decision-making on crucial issues of national security, world peace, global security, and international justice.

This guide is indispensable to understanding Islamism and the various types of Islamic groups that are active throughout the world. This work provides clear and concise notions of Islamism for the general reader. For example, it succinctly explains that Islamism is neither synonymous with the religion of Islam nor synonymous with Fundamentalist Islam. Islamism, instead, is a political ideology based on a strict and puritanical interpretation of Islam. The guide then distinguishes the various types of Islamism and their significance. Islamist groups can be peaceful vs. violent; gradualist or revolutionary; political vs. jihadist; or emphasize puritanical Islam as a means of social reform as opposed to purely individual reform. After discussing the various types of Islamism, the introduction discusses the historical context of Islamism, its significance, and the key approaches that various types of Islamism take to crucial issues. The guide also includes a detailed chronology covering the landmark events in Islamism’s history through to the present. The book presents entries for over 200 Islamist groups by region and then in alphabetical order. It includes the most powerful contemporary Islamist groups, such as: Al-Qaeda, Al-Shabaab, Boko Haram, Hamas, Hezbollah, and ISIS. The book also includes lesser known groups that have shaped the Islamist discourse. Each entry includes references and a further reading section to assist the reader in developing his or her research. The book also has a glossary that includes many of the most commonly used terms to discuss Islamism. This book would be a valuable addition to high school libraries, college and university libraries, public libraries, and many types of professional libraries.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Acronyms and Abbreviations

Islamism in Africa

Chapter 1. Al-Adl Wal Ihsan (AWI)/ Justice and Charity Movement (pp. 3-4)

Chapter 2. Al-Tijaniyya (the “Tijani Path”) (pp. 5-6)

Chapter 3. Alliance for Justice and Democracy/Movement for Renewal (AJD/MR) (pp. 7-8)

Chapter 4. Al-Qaeda in the Maghreb (AQIM) (pp 9-16)

Chapter 5. Ansar al-Sharia in Benghazi (AAS-B)/ Partisans of Islamic Law (pp. 17-18)

Chapter 6. Ansar al-Sharia in Darnah (pp. 19-20)

Chapter 7. Ansar al-Sharia in Libya (pp. 21-22)

Chapter 8. Armed Islamic Group (AI)G/Group Isla,/ Que Arme (GIA)/Armed Islamic Group of Algeria / al-Jama ‘A Air Islamyl’a Ali Musallah (pp. 23-26)

Chapter 9. Association of Muslim Scholars/Jam’iyyat Al-’Ulama’ Al-Muslimin/Muslim Scholars Association, Association of Muslim Clerics, Muslim Ulama Council and the Ulema Council (Algeria) (pp. 27-28)

Chapter 10. Ennahda in Tunisia (pp. 29-32)

Chapter 11. Hizb-Al-Adala Wa Al-Tanmla/ Partie De La Justice et du Development (PJD)/ Justice and Development Party (pp. 33-34)

Chapter 12. ISIS in Libya (Wilayah Tarabalus/Barqa/Fezzan) (pp. 35-38)

Chapter 13. Islamic Tendency Movement/ Mouvement de la Tendance Islamique (MTI) (pp. 39-40)

Chapter 14. Libya Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG)/ Libyan Islamic Combatant Group (pp. 41-42)

Chapter 15. Moroccan Jihadist Groups (pp. 43-46)

Chapter 16. Muslim Brotherhood in Libya (pp. 47-50)

Chapter 17. Muslim Brotherhood in Tunisia (pp. 51-54)

Chapter 18. National Rally for Reform and Development (Rassemblement Nationale pour la Reforme et Developpemeni (RNRD) (pp. 55-56)

Chapter 19. Salafist Group for Call and Combat (GSPC) (pp. 57-58)

Chapter 20. Supporters of the Sharia/ Supporters of Islamic Law (pp. 59-60)

Chapter 21. Tunisia – Tunisian Jihadist Groups (pp. 61-64)

Chapter 22. United Company of Jihad (UCJ) (pp. 65-68)
Islamism in Northeastern Africa 67

Chapter 23. Ahlu Sunna Wal Jama’a (ASWJ) (pp. 69-70)

Chapter 24. Al-Ittihad al-Islami (AIAI) (Islamic Union) (pp. 71-74)

Chapter 25. Al-Shabaab (pp. 75-82)

Chapter 26. Eritrean Islamic Jihad Movement (EIJM) Jihad Islammiya. Abu Sihel Movement; Eritrean Islamic Reform Movement; Harakat al Khalas al Islami)
(pp. 83-86)

Chapter 27. Eritrean Liberation Front (ELF) (pp. 87-88)

Chapter 28. Muslim Brotherhood in Sudan (pp. 89-92)

Chapter 29. National Congress Party (NCP) (pp. 93-94)

Chapter 30. National Islamic Front (NIF) (pp. 95-96)

Islamism in Sub-Saharan Africa

Chapter 31. Ansaru/Jam’atu Ansarul Muslimina Fi Biladis Sudan/ Vanguards for the Protection of Muslims in Black Africa (pp. 99-100)

Chapter 32. Boko Haram (pp. 101-122)

Chapter 33. The Islamic State in Nigeria (West Africa Province, Wilayah Gharb Afrqiyya) (pp. 123-124)

Chapter 34. Movement for Monotheism and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) (pp. 125-126)

Islamism in Central Asia

Chapter 35. Caucasus Emirate (CE) (pp. 129-138)

Chapter 36. East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM) (pp. 139-144)

Chapter 37. High Military Council Majilisul Shura of the United Mujahedeen Forces of the Caucasus (pp. 145-146)

Chapter 38. Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) (pp. 147-148)

Chapter 39. Islamic State in the Caucasus (Wilayah Kawaz) (pp. 151-152)

Chapter 40. Jaysh Al-Muhajirin Wal-Ansar (JAMWA)/ Army of Emigrants and Helpers (pp. 153-156)

Chapter 41. Kurdistan Islamic Union (KIU)/ Yekgirtuy Islami Kurdistan) (pp. 157-158)

Chapter 42. United Tajik Opposition (UTO) (pp. 159-160)

Islamism in South Asia

Chapter 43. 313 Brigade Pakistan (313 Brigade of Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami (HuJI)) (pp. 163-164)

Chapter 44. Adhaalath Party/Justice Party (pp. 165-168)

Chapter 45. Al-Afghan Al-Arab/Afghan Arabs (pp. 169-170)

Chapter 46. Al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS)/ Jama’ah Qa’eda al Jihad (pp. 171-174)

Chapter 47. Al-Umar Mujahedeen (AUM))/ The Mujahedeen of Umar (pp. 175-176)

Chapter 48. Dawat-e-Islami (DeI) (pp. 177-178)

Chapter 49. Deendar Anjuman (pp. 179-180)

Chapter 50. Dukhtaraan-e-Millat (DeM)/ Daughters of the Nation (pp. 181-184)

Chapter 51. Haqqani Network (HQN) (pp. 185-188)

Chapter 52. Harakat ul-Ansar (HUA) (pp. 189-190)

Chapter 53. Harakat-Ul-Jihad Al-Islami Bangladesh (HuJI-B) (pp. 191-192)

Chapter 54. Hizb-e-Islami Gulbuddin (HeI-G) (pp. 193-196)

Chapter 55. Hizb-e-Islami Afghanistan/ Islamic Party (HeI) (pp. 197-200)

Chapter 56. Hizb-e-Wahdat-e-Islami Afghanistan/ Islamic Unity Party of Afghanistan (IUPA) (pp. 201-204)

Chapter 57. Islamic Jihad Union (IIU) (pp. 205-206)

Chapter 58. Jaish-e-Mohammed (JEM)/ Army of Mohammed; Khaddum ul-Islam (pp. 207-210)

Chapter 59. Jamaat-ud-Dawah (pp. 211-212)

Chapter 60. Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF) (pp. 213-216)

Chapter 61. Jundullah/Soldiers of God (Iran)/ Aka People’s Resistance Movement of Iran (PMRI); Popular Resistance Movement of Iran; Soldiers of God; Fedayeen-e-Islam; Former Jundallah of Iran; Jundullah; Jondullah; Jundollah; Jondollah; Jondallah; Army of God (God’s Army); Baloch Peoples Resistance Movement (BPRM) (pp. 217-218)

Chapter 62. Khaddam-Ul-Islam (KuI) (pp. 219-220)

Chapter 63. Khidmat-e-Khalq Foundation (KKF) (pp. 221-222)

Chapter 64. Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) (pp. 223-224)

Chapter 65. Lashkar-e-Tayyiba (LeT)/Army of the Pure, Army of the Righteous/Jamaat-al-Dawat (pp. 225-228)

Chapter 66. National Islamic Movement of Afghanistan/ Junblsh E-Milli Islami Afghanistan (NIMA) (pp. 229-232)

Chapter 67. Pakistan Muslim League (PML)/Quaid-e-Azam (pp. 233-236)

Chapter 68. Sipah-e-Muhammad Pakistan (SMP) (pp. 237-238)

Chapter 69. Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan (SSP)/Millat-e-Islami Pakistan (MIP)/ Anjuman Sipah-e-Sahaba, Guardians of the Friends of the Prophets, Millat-e-Islamia, Pakistan, Mililat-I-Islami Pakistan, SSP, Sipah-I-Sahaba Pakistan, Sepah Sahabeh, Corps of the Companions of the Prophet Mohammed, Ahl-e- Sunnat Wal Jamaat (ASWJ) (pp. 239-244)

Chapter 70. Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) (pp. 245-246)

Chapter 71. Tablighi Jamaat (T.J.)/ Society For Preaching Faith (pp. 247-250)

Chapter 72. Taliban (Afghanistan) (pp. 251-266)

Chapter 73. Tanzeem-e-Islami (TeI) (pp. 267-270)

Chapter 74. Tehreek-e-Taliban – Pakistan/ Tehrik-i-Taliban/ Pakistani Taliban (TTP) (pp. 271-274)

Chapter 75. Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan (TJP)/ Movement of the Pakistani Shiites (pp. 275-276)

Chapter 76. Tehrik-e-Jihad (TeJ)/Movement for Struggle (pp. 277-280)

Chapter 77. Tehrik-E-Khatme Nabuwwat/Tehrik-E-Khatme-Nabuwat Tehrik-E-Khatme, Nabuwwat (Last Prophethood Movement)/ Movement for the Finality of the Prophethood (TeK) (pp. 281-282)

Chapter 78. Tehrik-Ul-Mujahedeen/Mujahedeen Movement (TuM) (pp. 283-284)

Chapter 79. United Council Of Action/ Muttahida Majlls-E-Amal, (MMA) (pp. 285-288)

Chapter 80. United Jihad Council (UJC) (Also Referred to as the Murrahida Jihad Council) (pp. 289-292)

Islamism in Southeast Asia

Chapter 81. Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG)/ISIS-Basilan (pp. 295-298)

Chapter 82. Aceh Party (Partai Aceh) (PA) (pp. 299-300)

Chapter 83. Aceh Peace Party (Partai Damai Aceh)/ The Aceh Sovereignty Party (PDA) (pp. 301-302)

Chapter 84. Balik Islam (Return to Islam)/ Fi Sabilillah (Philippines)
(pp. 303-304)

Chapter 85. Barisan Nasional (pp. 305-310)

Chapter 86. Bersatu (pp. 311-312)

Chapter 87. Crescent Star Party/Crescent Star Family/ Keluargabulan Bulan Bintang/ Partai Bulan Bintang (PBB) (pp. 313-314)

Chapter 88. Darul Islam/Land of Islam Party (Indonesia) (pp. 315-318)

Chapter 89. Dewan Dakwah Islamiyah Indonesia (DII)/ Indonesian Council for Islamic Preaching (pp. 319-320)

Chapter 90. Forum of Communication of the Faithful of the Sunnah and the Prophet (FKAWJ) (pp. 321-322)

Chapter 91. Front Pembelam Islam (FPI)/Front of the Defense of Islam/ Islamic Defenders Front (pp. 323-324)

Chapter 92. Gerakan Aceh Merdeka (GAM)/Movement for the Independence of Aceh (pp. 325-326)

Chapter 93. Gerakan Mujahidin Islam Pattani (GMIP) (Movement of the oly Warriors of Islam Pattani) (pp. 327-328)

Chapter 94. Gerakan Pemuda Islam Indonesia (GPII)/ Movement of Young Indonesian Muslims (pp. 329-330)

Chapter 95. Jihadist Groups in Indonesia (pp. 331-336)

Chapter 96. Jemaah Anshorut Tauhid (JAT) Jemmah Ansharut Tauhid; Jem’mah Ansharut Tauhid; Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid; Jama’ah Ansharut Tauhid; Laskar
(pp. 337-340)

Chapter 97. Jemaah Islamiya (JI) (pp. 341.342)

Chapter 98. Komite Aksi Penanggulungan Akribat Krisis (Kompak)! Action Committee for a Crisis Solution (pp. 343-346)

Chapter 99. Lashkar Hezbollah (LH)/Hizbollah Front/ Group of the Party of God (pp. 347-348)

Chapter 100. Laskar Jihad/Army of the Holy Struggle (JT) (pp. 349-350)

Chapter 101. Lashkar Khosi/Militia of Action (LK) (pp. 351-352)

Chapter 102. Lembaga Dekwah Kampus (LDK) Campus Centers (pp. 353-354)

Chapter 103. Majlis Ulam Indonesia/MUI (pp. 355-356)

Chapter 104. Masyumi Party (Partai Majelis Suruo Muslimin Indonesia, or Council of Indonesian Muslian Muslim Associations) (pp. 357-360)

Chapter 105. Misuari Breakaway Group (MBG) (pp. 361-362)

Chapter 106. Moro Islamic Liberation Front/Islamic Liberation Front (Jabhat Tahrir Moro al-‘Islamiyyha, (MILF)) (pp. 363-366)

Chapter 107. Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MLF) (pp. 367-372)

Chapter 108. Muhamadiyah/Followers of Muhammed (pp. 373-374)

Chapter 109. Nahdlaurul Ulama/Scholars of the Renaissance (pp. 375-378)

Chapter 110. National Awakening Party/Partal Kebangkitan Bangsa (PKB) (pp. 379-380)

Chapter 111. Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party/Parti Islam Se-Malaysia (pp. 381-386)

Chapter 112. Pattani United Liberation Organization (PULO) (pp. 387-390)

Chapter 113. Rajah Solaiman Islamic Movement (RSIM) (pp. 391-392)

Chapter 114. The Rohingya Solidarity Organization (RSO) (pp. 393-398)

Chapter 115. United Development Party (UDP) (pp. 399-402)

Chapter 116. United Malays National Organization (UMNO) (pp. 403-406)

Islamism in Europe

Chapter 117. 7/7 London Bombers (Secret Organization of al-Qaeda in Europe/ Secret Organization Group of al-Queda/Jama’at al-Tanzim al-Sirri/ Tanzim Qaida al-Jihad fi Urupa/London Subway Bombers/Secret Organization of al-Qaeda in Europe) (pp. 409-412)

Chapter 118. Al-Muhajurioun (pp. 413-414)

Chapter 119. Association of Muslim Lawyers (pp. 415-416)

Chapter 120. Islamic Party of Britain (pp. 417-418)

Islamism in North America (pp. 419-420)

Chapter 121. Hanafi Muslim Movement (pp. 421-422)

Chapter 122. Muslim Students Association of North America (The Association of Muslim Social Scientists and the Association of Muslim Scientists and Engineers, and the North American Islamic Trust)(pp. 423-426)

Chapter 123. US Council of Muslim Organizations (USCMO) (pp. 427-428)

Glossary (pp. 429-442)

About the Author (pp. 443-444)

Index (pp. 445)

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