Federal Courts and Judgeships: Types, Issues and Profiles

Adam Scott Newton (Editor)

Series: Government Procedures and Operations
BISAC: POL030000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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The United States Constitution established only one federal court—the United States Supreme Court. Beyond this, Article III of the Constitution left it to the discretion of Congress to “ordain and establish” lower federal courts to conduct the judicial business of the federal government. From the very first, Congress established a host of different federal tribunals to adjudicate a variety of legal disputes. The two central types of federal “courts”—courts established under Article III and those tribunals that are not—differ in many respects, including with regard to their personnel, purposes, and powers. This book discusses the use of congressional power to create federal courts. It also examines ongoing congressional interest in select characteristics of lower federal court judges.
(Imprint: Nova)


Chapter 1 - Congressional Power to Create Federal Courts: A Legal Overview (pp. 1-40)
Andrew Nolan and Richard M. Thompson

Chapter 2 - U.S. Circuit and District Court Judges: Profile of Select Characteristics (pp. 41-76)
Barry J. McMillion

Chapter 3 - U.S. Circuit Court Judges: Profile of Professional Experiences Prior to Appointment (pp. 77-90)
Barry J. McMillion

Chapter 4 - Role of Home State Senators in the Selection of Lower Federal Court Judges (pp. 91-190)
Denis Steven Rutkus


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