Facial Recognition Technology: Usage by Federal Law Enforcement

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Mari F. Burke (Editor)

Series: Technology in a Globalizing World
BISAC: TEC015000

Facial recognition—a type of biometric technology—mimics how people identify or verify others by examining their faces. Recent advancements have increased the accuracy of automated FRT resulting in increased use across a range of applications. As the use of facial recognition technology (FRT) continues to expand, it has become increasingly important to understand its use across the federal government in a comprehensive way. Law enforcement agencies’ use of FRT has received increased attention from policymakers and the public. Some of the concerns raised revolve around the accuracy of the technology, including potential race-, gender-, and age-related biases; the process of collecting, retaining, and securing images contained in various facial recognition databases; public notification of the use of facial recognition and other image-capturing technology; and policies or standards governing law enforcement agencies’ use of the technology. Some of these concerns have manifested in actions such as federal, state, and city efforts to prohibit or bound law enforcement agencies’ use of FRT. In addition, some companies producing facial recognition software have placed new barriers to law enforcement using their technologies. This book provides an overview of federal law enforcement agencies’ use of FRT, including the current status of scientific standards for its use.

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Federal Law Enforcement Use of Facial Recognition Technology
Kristin Finklea, Laurie A. Harris, Abigail F. Kolker and John F. Sargent Jr.

Chapter 2. Facial Recognition Technology: Current and Planned Uses by Federal Agencies
United States Government Accountability Office Report to Congressional Requesters

Chapter 3. Facial Recognition Technology: Federal Law Enforcement Agencies Should Have Better Awareness of Systems Used by Employees
Gretta L. Goodwin

Chapter 4. Facial Recognition Technology: Federal Law Enforcement Agencies Should Better Assess Privacy and Other Risks
United States Government Accountability Office Report to Congressional Requesters

Chapter 5. Facial Recognition Technology for Certain Traveler and Noncitizen Identity Verification
Abigail F. Kolker and Kristin Finklea

Chapter 6. U.S. Capitol Attack and Law Enforcement Use of Facial Recognition Technology
Kristin Finklea and Kelsey Y. Santamaria

Index