Exploring Speciation


David D. Clark (Editor)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: SCI027000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/ZDSJ2884

In chemistry, speciation refers to the distribution of an element amongst chemical species in a system. The five chapters of this book each bring a unique perspective on this type of speciation as it pertains to marine biota, x-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, and other areas of interest. Chapter One investigates the bioaccumulation of cadmium, a toxic heavy metal, in marine biota in the Egyptian coastal zones. Chapter Two scrutinizes the applications of energy and wavelength dispersive spectroscopic techniques in various materials. Chapter Three explains the phenomenon of thermoluminescence and the effect of varying readout heating rates on the dosimetric properties of TLD-100 (LiF: Mg, Ti) irradiated with 6 MV X-ray. Chapter Four focuses on the applications of different X-ray spectroscopy techniques and their use in the elemental analysis of water, coal, fly ash, and fertilizer samples. Finally, Chapter Five describes how to select the best speciation model from studies based on potentiometric measurements.




Chapter 1. Exploring Cadmium Speciation in the Aquatic Ecosystem: A Case Study
(Maha Ahmed Mohamed Abdallah – National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, NIOF, Egypt)

Chapter 2. Investigation of Photon Atom Interactions in Various Chemical Materials Employing X-Ray Spectroscopic Techniques
(N. Rani, H. S. Kainth, A. Garg, and G. Singh – Department of Physics, Punjabi University, Patiala, India, et al.)

Chapter 3. Effect of Readout Heating Rate and Correction for Temperature Lag, Effective Heating Rate and Thermal Quenching to the Response of TLD-100 (LiF: Mg, Ti)
(Ranjit Singh, Harpreet Kainth and Teerth Raj Verma – Department of Radiotherapy, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India, et al.)

Chapter 4. X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy: Rapid Tool for the Assessment of Elemental Composition in Various Environmental Samples
(N. Rani, H. S. Kainth, A. Garg, and G. Singh – Department of Physics, Punjabi University, Patiala, India, et al.)

Chapter 5. Speciation: How to Propose Models and Select the Best of Them
(Lino Hernández, Mary Lorena Araujo and Vito Lubes – Departamento de Química, Universidad Simón Bolívar (USB), Caracas Venezuela, et al.)


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