Exercise and Diet as Modulators of Cognitive Function Through Gut Microbiota

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Natalia Arias del Castillo, PhD – Head of Research and Professor at the Faculty of Life and Nature Sciences, Nebrija University, Hoyo de Manzanares, Madrid, Spain
Ismael Martínez-Guardado, PhD – Associated Professor at the Faculty of Life and Nature Sciences, Nebrija University, Spain
Francisco J. Grijota Pérez, PhD – Associated Professor at the Faculty of Life and Nature Sciences, Nebrija University, Spain

Series: Gastroenterology Research and Clinical Developments
BISAC: MED031000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/IVVF7328

In recent years, the study of the human intestinal microbiota and its relationship with the brain has expanded enormously in the scientific field. It has been shown that changes in nutritional habits, apart from producing changes in the host microbiota, can affect the central nervous system, contributing to the development of neurological pathologies such as Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and motor neuron disorders. Several studies have shed light into the role of exercise as a preventive factor against various diseases; however, exercise can also produce stress on the body. This book discusses the relevance of an individual’s health state, type and duration of exercise, and diet as contributing factors to the microbiota-gut-brain axis. Also, this book presents findings regarding the relationships between epigenetic modifications and the gut microbiota as well as between epigenetics and cognitive function.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. The Microbiome-Gut-Brain Axis and Neurodegeneration
Joseph Allison
Department of Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King’s College London, Denmark Hill, London, UK

Chapter 2. The Interplay between Exercise, Neurodegenerative Diseases, and Gut Microbiota
Daniel Rojas-Valverde
Nucleus of Studies in High Performance and Health (NARS), Center for Research and Diagnosis in Health and Sports (CIDISAD), School of Sciences of Human Movement and Quality of Life (CIEMHCAVI), National University of Costa Rica, Costa Rica; Sports Injuries Clinic (Rehab&Readapt), School of Human Movement and Quality of Life Sciences (CIEMHCAVI), National University of Costa Rica, Costa Rica

Chapter 3. The Role of Diet in Modulating Neurodegeneration
Manuel Reiriz¹, Ana María Jiménez-García¹, Benjamín Rodríguez-Expósito², Sara Uceda¹and Natalia Arias¹,³,4
¹Department of Psychology. Faculty of Life and Natural Sciences, BRABE Group, University of Nebrija, Madrid, Spain
²Centro Asociado Universidad de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Sevilla, Spain
³Institute of Neurosciences of the Principality of Asturias (INEUROPA), Spain
4Health Research Institute of the Principality of Asturias, Spain

Chapter 4. Dietary Recommendations to Reduce Exercise-Induced Stress Behaviour: Improving Gut Microbiota Composition
Asier Santibañez-Gutiérrez¹, Julen Fernández-Landa¹, Julio Calleja-González¹, Ignacio Escribano-Ott¹ and Juan Mielgo-Ayuso²
¹Physical Education and Sports Department, Faculty of Education and Sport, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Vitoria, Spain
²Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Burgos, Burgos, Spain

Chapter 5. Exercise Dietary Supplementation Effects on Microbiota
Ignacio Bartolomé Sánchez, Víctor Toro-Román and Ángel Gabriel García Rodríguez
Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Extremadura, Cáceres (Spain)

Chapter 6. Probiotics in the Treatment of Neurodegenerative Disorders
Aleksandra Kaliszewska
Department of Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King’s College London, Denmark Hill, London, United Kingdom

Chapter 7. The Role of Exercise as an Intervention for Improving the Immune System and Microbiota
Fco. Javier Grijota Pérez and Ismael Martínez-Guardado
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Life and Natural Sciences, BRABE Group, University of Nebrija, C/del Hostal, Madrid, Spain

Chapter 8. The Epigenetic Connection between the Gut Microbiota and Cognitive Functions
Javier Calleja-Conde¹, Ernesto Tarragon², Elena Giné³ and Víctor Echeverry-Alzate4
¹Cardenal Cisneros Higher Education Center, Madrid, Spain
²Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja, La Rioja, Spain
³Faculty of Medicine, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
4Faculty of Life and Natural Sciences, Nebrija University, Madrid, Spain

Index