Executive Functioning: Role in Early Learning Processes, Impairments in Neurological Disorders and Impact of Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)

Katherine P. Bennett (Editor)

Series: Neurology – Laboratory and Clinical Research Developments
BISAC: MED057000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Executive functioning incorporates three relatively global processes: shifting between tasks, updating and monitoring working memory, and the inhibition of automatic responses. These cognitive processes impact most mental events involved in daily functioning in addition to having specific implications in learning and memory. Research has shown that neurological disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, , multiple sclerosis, and spina bifida commonly result in deficits in executive processes.

Considering the negative effects associated with deficits in executive functioning, accurately measuring a patient’s abilities is of importance not only for the patient, but the family, caregivers, and the medical system overall. This book explores current measures of executive functioning used in clinical practice as well as measures that are frequently used in experimental cognitive research. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical )

Preface

Chapter 1 - Impact of Executive Dysfunction on Learning in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) (pp. 1-48)
Natalie Novick Brown and Paul Connor (University of Washington School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Seattle, WA, USA)

Chapter 2 - Executive Functioning in Neurologic Disorders: Applying the Miyake and Friedman Model to Medical Patients (pp. 49-82)
Rachel Hoadley, Emily Corley, Katherine F. Russ, Joseph P. Pastuszak and Benjamin D. Hill (University of South Alabama, Alabama, USA)

Chapter 3 - Executive Function in Adult Survivors of Prematurity (pp. 83-114)
Suzy Barcelos Winchester, Mary C. Sullivan and Michael E. Msall (Brown Center for the Study of Children at Risk, Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, Providence, Rhode Island, USA, and others)

Chapter 4 - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Executive Dysfunction in Adult Psychiatric Disorders (pp. 115-138)
Shanna Treworgy, Kate Casale, Peter R. Giancola and Robert M. Roth (Department of Psychiatry, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH, USA, and others)

Chapter 5 - The Role of the Cerebellum in Executive Functions: Insights from Healthy and Clinical Populations (pp. 139-162)
Crystal Lantrip, Brad Tyson and Robert M. Roth (Neuropsychology Program and Brain Imaging Laboratory, Department of Psychiatry, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, NH, USA)

Chapter 6 - The Role of Intelligence in Executive Functioning (pp. 163)
Ashley M. Whitaker, Erin T. O’Callaghan, Beth M. Houskamp and Mark K. Tanabe (California School of Professional Psychology at Alliant International University, Los Angeles, CA, USA)

Chapter 7 - The Development and Facilitation of Executive Functioning Skills (pp. 185-198)
Robert Perna and Ashlee R. Loughan (TIRR Memorial Hermann, Houston, TX, USA, and others)

Chapter 8 - The Relationship of Executive Functioning to Negative and Positive Impacts of Stress (pp. 199-210)
Beeta Y. Homaifar (Training Director, VISN 19 MIRECC Psychology Postdoctoral Fellowship, Co-Director, VA Suicide Risk Management Consultation Program; Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Colorado, USA)

Chapter 9 - Problems Understanding and Assessing the Executive Functions of the Brain (pp. 211-218)
Robert J. Sbordone (Private Practice, Laguna Hills, CA, USA)

Chapter 10 - The Assessment of Executive Functioning in Childhood and Adolescence: Current Situation and Future Lines of Research (pp. 219-244)
Trinidad García, Celestino Rodríguez, Paloma González-Castro and Julio Antonio González-Pienda (University of Oviedo, Spain, and others)

Chapter 11 - Executive Functioning Impairment in Alzheimer‘s Disease, Parkinson‘s Disease Dementia and Vascular Dementia (pp. 245-258)
D. M. Cammisuli and M. Timpano Sportiello (Department of Surgery, Medical, Molecular, and Critical Area Pathology, Pisa University School of Medicine, Italy, and others)

Chapter 12 - Patterns and Role of Executive Functioning on Psychosocial Well-Being and Life Designing in Acquired Neurological Disabilities (pp. 259-288)
Teresa Maria Sgaramella, Laura Nota and Salvatore Soresi (Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education and Applied Psychology (FISPPA), University of Padova, Italy)

Chapter 13 - Executive Functioning and Impulsivity in Maltreated Adolescents (pp. 289-304)
Paula Approbato de Oliveira, Paulo Jannuzzi Cunha, Bernardo dos Santos and Sandra Scivoletto (Department and Institute of Psychiatry, Medical School, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 14 - The Role of Executive Functions in Academic Competences: An Analytical Review (pp. 305-322)
Vanessa Arán-Filippetti and Mariana B. López (Interdisciplinary Center of Mathematical and Experimental Psychology Research “Dr. Horacio J. A. Rimoldi” (CIIPME). National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Argentina)

Chapter 15 - Correlation between Executive and Motor Function in Patients after a Stroke (pp. 323-358)
Fadilj Eminović and Slađana Arsić (Faculty for Special Education and Rehabilitation, University of Belgrade, Serbia, and others)

Index

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