Ethiopia: Social and Political Issues

Logan Cochrane (Editor)
Global and International Studies, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada
Institute of Policy and Development Research, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia

Series: Political, Economic and Security Issues of Africa



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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There have been significant social, economic and political changes in Ethiopia in recent decades. Healthcare coverage has rapidly expanded but much progress is still needed; access to education has improved but there are questions of quality and employment; macro-economic growth has been amongst the highest in the world for over a decade but there are questions of rising inequality; infrastructure has expanded throughout the nation, often at the expense of some; the second largest safety net in Africa has received acclaim and criticism; foreign direct investment has been relatively strong, but the quality of employment opportunities is questionable; recent political transitions have changed a negative narrative more positive, but many questions about democracy and inclusion remain. Since the political changes of 2018, Ethiopia has been undergoing what may be its most rapid and drastic change in modern history. This edited volume presents diverse experiences, perspectives, geographies, and sectors in the social and political realms – specifically in the thematic areas of governance, health, gender and land. It highlights successes as well as challenges on a wide range of issues. The collection of research shows the complexity of the changes and challenges, and the diverse ways in which change is experienced.
(Imprint: Nova)


Chapter 1. Freedom of Mobility in an Ethnic-Based Federal Structure: The Ethiopian Quandary
(Abdissa Zerai, Department of Communication and Journalism, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, US)

Chapter 2. Language Use in Multilingual Ethiopia: The Case of Southern Nations Nationalities and People's Regional State
(Fekede Menuta, Department of Language and Literature, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia)

Chapter 3. Challenges of Institutional Capacity for Implementing the Formal Social Protection in Ethiopia
(Melisew Dejene and Logan Cochrane, Institute for Policy and Development Research, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia)

Chapter 4. The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD): An Evolving Dynamic of Nile Politics
(Derrick K. Hudson and Steven C. Roach, Teaching Associate Professor, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, US, and others)

Chapter 5. Equity in Maternal, Newborn and Child Health: Expanding Health Services onto Rural Ethiopia
(Nicole Bergen, Ronald Labonté, Shifera Asfaw and Abebe Mamo, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, and others)

Chapter 6. Health Extension Workers in Ethiopia: Potential for Improving Complementary Feeding Practices and Health of Rural Children
(Getenesh Berhanu Teshome, Susan J. Whiting and Carol J. Henry, School of Nutrition, Food Science and Technology, Hawassa University, Ethiopia, and others)

Chapter 7. Rethinking Indigenous Communication for HIV/AIDS Prevention Campaigns in Ethiopia: The Case of Tigray Region
(Hagos Nigussie, PhD, Deptartment of Journalism of Communication, Mekelle University, Ethiopia)

Chapter 8. Ethiopian Women in Agriculture
(Kristie Drucza, CIMMYT, Mulunesh Tsegaye, CIMMYT and Maria del Carmen Rodriguez, Consultant)

Chapter 9. The Invisible Presence? The Politics of Female Enrolment Numbers in the Higher Education System in Ethiopia
(Rose C. Amazan, School of Education, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia)

Chapter 10. State of Cropland Availability in Rainfed Farming Systems in Ethiopia: Alternative Pathways to Address Landlessness and Food Insecurity
(Tibebu Kassawmar, Gete Zeleke, Amare Bantider, Gizaw Desta Gessesse, Abebe Shiferaw, Lemlem Abraha and Matebu Tadesse, Department of Integrative Geography, University of Bern, Switzerland, and others)

Chapter 11. Land Deals, Rural Unrest and the Crisis of State in Ethiopia
(Dessalegn Rahmato, Forum for Social Studies, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)


"This is a timely publication on Ethiopian issues which readers – experts on Ethiopia or not – will find to be a useful source to present and future challenges facing the Ethiopian state. The book consists of four sections, dealing with governance, health, gender and law, and the eleven chapters are authored by a variety of international scholars, including a good number of Ethiopians, from a range of disciplines. The book was published only a year after the country got a new Prime Minister, Dr Abiy Ahmed, opening up for profound changes in the political and economic landscape of the country. Although most of the research the chapters are based on took place prior to this, some of the authors have been able to relate to the new political climate emerging after the change in political leadership. Especially the last chapter of the book, Dessalegn Rahmato’s analysis of land deals, rural unrest and political crisis, is an up to date account both of the elements that led to unrest under Meles Zenawi and his successor Hailemariam Dessalegn and which eventually led to Hailemariam’s resignation in favour of Abiy. As always, Dessalegn presents a succinct and well documented analysis which serves well as the final chapter of this book. Also the chapter on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), by US scholars D. K. Hudson and S. C. Roach addresses an issue in process still of national and regional importance and actuality." - Harald Aspen, Associate professor, Department of Social Anthropology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

This book will be of interest to students (in African Studies, Anthropology, Development Studies, Political Science) and researchers and academics with an interest in Ethiopia, East Africa and Africa. The book will have particular appear as it is quite timely. Ethiopia is currently undergoing arguably its greatest change in its history and there is a rise of interest to understand the social and political issues covered in this book.

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