Ethanol as a Green Alternative Fuel: Insight and Perspectives

Helen Treichel (Editor)
Federal Universisty of Fronteira Sul, Erechim, RS, Brazil

Sérgio Luiz Alves Júnior (Editor)
Laboratory of Biochemistry and Genetics, Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Campus Chapeco, SC, Brazil

Gislaine Fongaro (Editor)
Laboratory of Microbiology and Bioprocesses, Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Campus Erechim, RS, Brazil

Caroline Müller (Editor)
Laboratory of Biochemistry and Genetics, Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Campus Chapeco, SC, Brazil

Series: Renewable Energy: Research, Development and Policies
BISAC: SCI024000

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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In face of the increasingly obvious need to ensure the sustainability of the environment, alternative and renewable energy sources are no longer just the concern of environmentalists and have become commitments of governments virtually everywhere in the world. In this context, ethanol emerges as an excellent substitute for petroleum derivatives. This green alternative fuel is sustained by its own burning because when CO2 serves as a carbon source for the growth of plants, it will allow the carbohydrates to be fermented. In addition, currently different generations of this fuel are being proposed, considering the utilization of their own waste.

However, challenges still need to be overcome to enable the second, third and fourth generations of ethanol. At the same time, other renewable fuel alternatives emerge to compete with it. The automobile industry, for example, has been developing new engines, hybrids or not, that can be powered by electricity or H2. In this regard, this book addresses, under different aspects, the main strategies to surpass the remaining obstacles, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of ethanol as a fuel of the future. In this context, the “Ethanol as a Green Alternative Fuel” book shows present and future scenarios about bioethanol and perspective in their chain, considering the economic and environmental impact mitigations approach.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Introduction on Bioethanol
(Charline Bonatto, Bruno Venturin, Diego Alex Mayer, Suzana F. Bazoti, Jéssica Mulinari, Aline Frumi Camargo, Thamarys Scapini, Caroline Müller, Gislaine Fongaro and Helen Treichel, Department of Chemical and Food Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 2. How Many Bioethanol Generations Can We Have?
(Débora Trichez, Jessica C. Bergmann, Lorena Costa Garcia Calsing, and Letícia Jungmann Cançado, Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation, Embrapa Agroenergy, Brasília, DF, Brazil)

Chapter 3. Yeasts: The Leading Figures on Bioethanol Production
(Boris U. Stambuk, Department of Biochemistry, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, SC, Brazil)

Chapter 4. Yeast Strains for Ethanol Production in Brazil: From Laboratories to the Industries
(Henrique V. Amorim, Mario Lucio Lopes, Silene C. L. Paulillo, Henrique Berbert de Amorim Neto, Claudemir D. Bernardino, Marcel S. Lorenzi, Crisla Serra Souza, Rudimar A. Cherubin, Osmar Parazzi Junior, Fernando H.C. Giometti and Dinailson C. Campos, Fermentec, Piracicaba, São Paulo)

Chapter 5. Bioethanol in the World Energy Matrix
(Giovani Leone Zabot, Ederson Rossi Abaide, Marília Boff de Oliveira, Tássia Carla Confortin, Crisleine Perinazzo Draszewski, Marcus Vinícius Tres and Marcio Antonio Mazutti, Laboratory of Agroindustrial Processes Engineering, Federal University of Santa Maria, Cachoeira do Sul, RS, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 6. Bioethanol from Fruit Residues
(Thamarys Scapini, Danúbia Paula Cadore Favaretto, Aline Frumi Camargo, Fabiane Fernanda Czapela, Charline Bonatto, Jessica Zanivan, Caroline Dalastra, Natalia Klanovicz, Taís Souza, Caroline Müller, Gislaine Fongaro and Helen Treichel, Laboratory of Microbiology and Bioprocesses, Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Erechim, RS, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 7. Bioprospecting Enzymes for 2G Ethanol through Metagenomics
(Sérgio L. Alves Jr, Caroline Müller, Aline F. Camargo, Charline Bonatto, Thamarys Scapini,
Gislaine Fongaro and Helen Treichel, Laboratory of Biochemistry and Genetics, Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Chapecó, SC, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 8. Reducing the Water Footprint of Bioethanol
(Aline Frumi Camargo, Thamarys Scapini, Fábio Spitza Stefanski, Simone Kubeneck, Karina Paula Preczeski, Bruno Venturin, Charline Bonatto, Eduarda Roberta Bordin, Caroline Müller, Gislaine Fongaro and Helen Treichel, Laboratory of Microbiology and Bioprocess, Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Erechim, RS, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 9. Association of Bioethanol and Biogas for Environmental Impact Mitigation
(Luciane Maria Colla, Alan Rempel, Andressa Decesaro, Anne Luize Lupatini Menegotto, Eliane Colla, Francisco Gerhardt Magro, Naiara Elisa Kreling and Thaís Strieder Machado, Graduate Program in Environmental and Civil Engineering, University of Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo, RS, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 10. The Future of Bioethanol
(Thiago O. Basso, Roy S. K. Walker, Luiz C. Basso and Graeme M. Walker, Department of Chemical Engineering, Escola Politécnica, University of São Paulo, SP, Brazil, and others)

About the Editors

Index

"A book that is a significant and timeless contribution to an area of both academic and industrial importance that certainly will have a place in the future energetic footprint of humankind." - Dr. Boris U. Stambuk

"This book synthesizes what is the best in the world in etanol production: from the process improvements to yeast selection." - Dr. Henrique V. Amorim

"I believe that this book addresses the main aspects involved in the production of bioethanol, from the raw materials currently used, as well as those aspects related to the enzymes and microorganisms necessary for the transformation of these into bioethanol. It also addresses issues related to production bottlenecks and the environmental problems to be observed when producing this biofuel. It is an important contribution to the area's scientists, who will find in this text a north to act on the frontier of knowledge." - Dr. Luciane M. Colla

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