Essential Oils: Historical Significance, Chemical Composition and Medicinal Uses and Benefits


Miranda Peters

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: SCI013000

The use of essential oils by civilizations constitutes a common practice since antiquity. In earlier times, China, India and the Middle East used herbs and oils in cooking, cosmetics, medicine and in religious rituals. These substances come from a secondary metabolism of plants and are associated with several functions necessary for their survival, such as the defense against microorganisms, predators and attraction of pollinators.

Essential oils are composed of a complex mixture of biologically active substances, lipophilic and volatile, and in most cases derivatives of terpene compounds and in a lower occurrence – phenylpropanoids. They have been long recognized for their medicinal uses: antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, insecticidal and their antioxidant properties. The increased interest in alternative natural substances is driving the research community to find new uses and applications of these substances. This book provides research on the historical significance, chemical composition and medicinal uses and benefits of essential oils. Some of the topics discussed include extraction methods of essential oils; an overview of the most relevant essential oil changes regarding plant phenology and plant development; the antibacterial properties of some essential oils; essential oils applications in agriculture; and the use of essential oils as additives in broiler diets.
(Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1
Essential Oils: Properties, Applications, Extraction Methods and Perspectives
(Gustavo Haralampidou da Costa Vieira, Barbara Barbosa Dias, Denise Caren Ozório Leonel, State University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Rodovia MS, Municipality of Cassilândia/MS, Brazil)

Chapter 2
Phenological Changes in the Biosynthesis and Chemical Composition of the Essential Oils
(Jaime Usano-Alemany, Jesús Palá-Paúl, David Herráiz-Peñalver, Institute of Crop Science and Resources Conservation, INRES-Horticultural Sciences, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany, and others)

Chapter 3
Extraction Techniques and Pharmacological Potential of Essential Oils from Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Mauritius
(Z Aumeeruddy-Elalfi and F Mahomoodally, Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Mauritius, Réduit, Mauritius)

Chapter 4
Evaluation of Essential Oil of Ocimum gratissimum l. for Antibacterial Activity and Potential to Modify Aminoglycoside Toxicity
(José J. S. Aguiar, Cicera P. B. Sousa, Fernando G. Figueredo, Vanessa C. N. Bitu, Francisco A. V. Santos, Maria I. Ferreira, Maria A. da Silva, Flórido S. N. Peixoto, Henrique D. M. Coutinho, and Edinardo F. F. Matias, Faculdade Leão Sampaio, Juazeiro do Norte (CE), Brazil, and others)

Chapter 5
Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Plinia jaboticaba (Vell.) Kausel Essential Oil
(Michele Debiasi Alberton, Gabriele Andressa Zatelli, Leonard de Vinci Kanda Kupa, Adrielli Tenfen, Diogo Alexandre Siebert, Juliana Bastos, Edesio Luis Simonatto, Caio Maurício Mendes de Cordova, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universidade Regional de Blumenau, Blumenau – SC, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 6
Essential Oils as Potential Antioxidant Agents in the Treatment of Oxidative Stress-Related Neurodegenerative Diseases: Results on in vivo and in vitro Models
(Carlos Fernández-Moriano, Elena González-Burgos and M. Pilar, Gómez-Serranillos, Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University Complutense of Madrid, Spain)

Chapter 7
Essential Oils of some Algerian Endemic and Medicinal Plants: Variability of their Chemical Compositions, and their Potent as Natural Antioxidants
(Nadhir Gourine, Laboratory of Research of Fundamental Sciences, University Amar Télidji of Laghouat, Laghouat, Algeria)

Chapter 8
Comparative Study of the Essential Oil Effects on the Aspergillus flavus Growth
(Verônica M. S. Santos, Fábio V. Sussa, Edlayne Gonçalez, Paulo S. C. Silva, Joana D’arc Felicio, Centro de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento de Sanidade Animal, Instituto Biologico, Av. Conselheiro Rodrigues Alves, São Paulo, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 9
Essential Oils Applications in Agriculture
(Francisco Wilson Reichert Junior, Maurício Albertoni Scariot, Jéssica Mulinari, Marcio Antônio Mazutti, Helen Treichel and Altemir José Mossi, Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Erechim, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 10
Essential Oils as Growth Promoters in Broiler Chicken
(I.L. Azevedo, E.R. Martins, A.C. Almeida, W.C.L. Nogueira, D.E. Faria Filho, F.S.A. Fonseca, Universidade Federal da Bahia – UFBA, Escola de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Ondina, Salvador – BA, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 11
Ishpink, Ocotea quixos (Lam.) Kosterm. History, Traditional Uses, Chemical, Pharmacological Properties and the Economic Potential of its Essentials Oils Present within this Amazonian Species
(Paco Noriega, Centro de Investigación y Valoración de la Biodiversidad, Universidad Politécnica Salesiana, Quito Ecuador)


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