EPA Protection of Drinking Water From Injection of Fluids Used in Oil and Gas Production

Courtney D. Walsh (Editor)

Series: Water Resource Planning, Development and Management
BISAC: TEC010030



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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Every day in the United States, at least 2 billion gallons of fluids are injected into over 172,000 wells to enhance oil and gas production, or to dispose of fluids brought to the surface during the extraction of oil and gas resources. These wells are subject to regulation to protect drinking water sources under EPA’s UIC class II program and approved state class II programs.

Because much of the population relies on underground sources for drinking water, these wells have raised concerns about the safety of the nation’s drinking water. This book examines EPA and state roles, responsibilities, and resources for the program; safeguards to protect drinking water; EPA oversight and enforcement of class II programs; and the reliability of program data for reporting. GAO reviewed federal and state laws and regulations.

(Imprint: Nova)


Chapter 1 - Drinking Water: EPA Program to Protect Underground Sources from Injection of Fluids Associated with Oil and Gas Production Needs Improvemen (pp. 1-102)
United States Government Accountability Office

Chapter 2 - Drinking Water: Characterization of Injected Fluids Associated with Oil and Gas Production (pp. 103-112)
U.S. Government Accountability Office

Chapter 3 - Statement of Basis and Purpose: Underground Injection Control Regulations (pp. 113-134)
Environmental Protection Agency


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