Environmental Contamination and Climate Change: Effect on Plants and Remedial Strategies

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Vandana Gautam, PhD (Editor) – Assistant Professor, College of Horticulture and Forestry Neri, Hamirpur (Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan) Himachal Pradesh, India
Dhriti Kapoor, PhD (Editor) – Assistant Professor, Department of Botany, School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Jalandhar, India
Renu Bhardwaj, PhD, M.Phil (Editor) – Professor, Director Research, Department of Botanical & Environmental Sciences, Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, Punjab, India

Series: Climate Change and its Causes, Effects and Prediction

BISAC: SCI092000

Target Audience: Undergraduate, as well as post-graduate students, Research Scholars, Teaching Faculties

Description:
Environmental contamination and climate change-induced abiotic stresses, such as high or low temperature, water logging or drought, high salinity, pesticides, heavy metals, and radiation like ultra-violet are detrimental to plant growth and development, leading to great loss in crop yield worldwide. It is getting essential to provide crops with multi-stress adaptation to alleviate the burden of environmental stresses and to fulfil the inevitability of population growth, as various abiotic stresses generally evolve simultaneously in the fields. To combat these environmental stresses, plants develop certain defense responses against abiotic stresses, including some biochemical and molecular aspects like reactive species scavengers, molecular chaperones, compatible solutes, plant growth regulators and antioxidative defense system inside cells. In response to stress, they are orchestrated by a composite regulatory complex involving signaling molecules like stress hormones, reactive oxygen species, polyamines, phytochromes, and calcium, as well as stress proteins. In this book, we aim at presenting the effects of different abiotic stresses on plants and an overview of various defensive systems and the regulatory network, along with their practical potential via some biotechnological tools like genetic engineering and/or exogenous applications, because understanding the abiotic stress response mechanisms in plants will help to improve the growth rate and productivity of crops.

The book has 6 chapters which deal with the effect of different abiotic stresses in plants caused by environmental contamination and climate change and the remedial strategies. We believe that this book comprises a wealth of knowledge to botanists, agriculturists, students and researchers of colleges and universities.

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Preface

Chapter 1. Microplastic as a Multistressor: Impact on Flora and Fauna Along with Its Remedial Strategies
(Shaista Manzoor and Rahul Singh – Department of Zoology, School of Bioengineering & Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara (Punjab), India)

Chapter 2. Salinity Stress in Terrestrial as Well as Aquatic Ecosystems: Effects and Biochemical & Molecular Adaptations in Plants
(Mamta Pujari, Sadaf Jan, Savita Bhardwaj, Tunisha Verma, Dhriti Sharma and Rahul Singh – Department of Biotechnology, School of Bioengineering and Biosciences, Lovely Professional University, Delhi-Jalandhar Highway, Phagwara, Punjab, India, et al.)

Chapter 3. Abiotic Stresses in Response to Climate Change in Plants and Their Management
(Pratima Vaidya and Satish Kumar Bhardwaj – Department of Environmental Science, Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India, et al.)

Chapter 4. Trends and Health Risks of Heavy Metals Contamination in Agricultural Soils of India: Effects and Defensive Responses of Plants
(Swapana Sepehya, Anjali Thakur, Hari Mohan Meena and Diksha Dhiman – Department of Soil Science and WM, COHF (DR YSPUHF), Neri, Hamirpur, HP, India, et al.)

Chapter 5. Climate Change and Wateravailability to Plants in Terrestrial Ecosystem: Effects and Adaptive Strategies
(Nancy Loria and S. K. Bhardwaj – Department of Environmental Science, Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan, HP, India)

Chapter 6. Side effects of Pesticides in Plants and their Detoxification Mechanism
(Madhavi Joshi, Chayanika Putatunda, Shashi Kant Bhatia, Abhishek Walia and Ravi Kant Bhatia – Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Govt. Degree College Jogindernagar Mandi, Himachal Pradesh, et al.)

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