Environmental Chemistry of Animal Manure


Zhongqi He (Editor)
USDA-ARS, New England Plant, Soil and Water Laboratory, Orono, Maine

Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology, Animal Science, Issues and Research
BISAC: SCI026000

Animal manure is traditionally regarded as a valuable resource of plant nutrients. However, there is an increasing environmental concern associated with animal manure utilization due to high and locally concentrated volumes of manure produced in modern intensified animal production. Although considerable research has been conducted on environmental impacts and best management practices, the environmental chemistry of animal manure has not developed accordingly. This new book analyzes the basic knowledge and latest research on the environmental chemistry of animal manure. (Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents

Preface pp.i-viii

About the Editor pp.ix-x

Part I. Organic Matter Characterization pp.1-2

Chapter 1. Application of Analytical Pyrolysis-Mass Spectrometry in Characterization of Animal Manure
(Jim J. Wang, Syam K. Dodla and Zhongqi He)pp.3-24

Chapter 2. Structural and Bonding Environments of Manure Organic Matter Derived from Infrared Spectroscopic Studies
(Zhongqi He, Changwen Du and Jianmin Zhou)pp.25-42

Chapter 3. Carbon Functional Groups of Manure Organic Matter Fractions Identified by Solid State 13C NMR Spectroscopy
(Zhongqi He and Jingdong Mao)pp.43-60

Chapter 4. Ultraviolet-Visible Absorptive Features of Water Extractable and Humic Fractions of Animal Manure and Relevant Compost
(Mingchu Zhang, Zhongqi He and Aiqin Zhao)pp.61-82

Chapter 5. Fluorescence Spectroscopic Analysis of Organic Matter Fractions: the Current Status and a Tutorial Case Study
(Tsutomu Ohno and Zhongqi He)pp.83-104

Part II. Nitrogen and Volatile Compounds pp.105-106

Chapter 6. Ammonia Emission from Animal Manure: Mechanisms and Mitigation Techniques
(Pius M. Ndegwa, Alexander N. Hristov and Jactone A. Ogejo)pp.107-152

Chapter 7. Origins and Identities of Key Manure Odor Components
(Daniel N. Miller and Vincent H. Varel)pp.153-178

Chapter 8. Manure Amino Compounds and Their Bioavailability
(Zhongqi He and Daniel C. Olk)pp.179-200

Chapter 9. Determinants and Processes of Manure Nitrogen Availability
(C. Wayne Honeycutt, James F. Hunt, Timothy S. Griffin, Zhongqi He and Robert P. Larkin)pp.201-224

Part III. Phosphorus Forms and Lability pp.225-226

Chapter 10. Solubility of Manure Phosphorus Characterized by Selective and Sequential Extractions
(John D. Toth, Zhengxia Dou and Zhongqi He)pp.227-252

Chapter 11. Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Organic Phosphorus
(Zhongqi He and C. Wayne Honeycutt)pp.253-274

Chapter 12. Characterizing Phosphorus in Animal Waste with Solution 31P NMR Spectroscopy
(Barbara J. Cade-Menun)pp.275-300

Chapter 13. Metal Speciation of Phosphorus Derived from Solid State Spectroscopic Analysis
(Olalekan O. Akinremi, Babasola Ajiboye and Zhongqi He)p.301-324

Chapter 14. Modeling Phosphorus Transformations and Runoff Loss for Surface-Applied Manure
(Peter A. Vadas)pp.325-348

Chapter 15. Improving the Sustainability of Animal Agriculture by Treating Manure with Alum
(Philip A. Moore, Jr.)pp.349-382

Part IV. Heavy Elements and Environmental Concerns pp.383-384

Chapter 16. Sources and Contents of Heavy Metals and Other Trace Elements in Animal Manures
(Jackie L. Schroder, Hailin Zhang, Jaben R. Richards and Zhongqi He)pp.385-414

Chapter 17. Fate and Transport of Arsenic from Organoarsenicals Fed to Poultry
(Clinton D. Church, Jane E. Hill and Arthur L. Allen)pp.415-426

Chapter 18. Mercury in Animal Manure and Toxicity to Environmental Health
(Irenus A. Tazisong, Zachary N. Senwo, Robert W. Taylor and Zhongqi He)pp.427-442

Index pp.443-457

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