Enterococcus and Safety

Teresa Semedo-Lemsaddek (Editor)
Avenida da Universidade Técnica, Lisboa, Portugal and others

Maria Teresa Barreto-Crespo (Editor)
Avenida da Universidade Técnica, Lisboa, Portugal and others

Rogério Tenreiro (Editor)
Avenida da Universidade Técnica, Lisboa, Portugal and others

Series: Advances in Food Safety and Food Microbiology
BISAC: TEC012000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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The book “Enterococcus and Safety” is presented as a journey to the enterococcal world. The genus Enterococcus comprises a wide variety of both pathogenic and commensal gram-positive bacteria. These microorganisms are common constituents of fermented products such as traditionally manufactured cheeses and dry sausages, in which it is believed that they contribute to the development of organoleptic characteristics. In addition, enterococci are also used to extend the shelf life and improve the hygienic safety of foodstuffs because they produce bacteriocins which may have a promising potential in bio-preservation and in the enhancement of the hygienic quality of food products. However, in recent years enterococci have emerged as serious pathogens in hospital environments, where vancomycin-resistant strains are gaining major importance. This dual role of enterococci as beneficial organisms or opportunistic pathogens leads to an increasing need for studies intended to discriminate between food-grade and pathogenic strains. (Imprint: Nova)

Chap 1. Introduction: A Journey To The World Of Enterococcus
(Lígia L. Pimentel, Manuela E. Pintado1, F. Xavier Malcata, et al., CBQF/ESB, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Rua Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida, Porto, Portugal and others)

Chap 2. Diversity and Ecological Niches
(Abdelhak Lemsaddek1 and Rogério Tenreiro, Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar em Sanidade Animal -CIISA-, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa, Avenida da Universidade Técnica, Lisboa, Portugal and others)

Chap 3. Enterococcal Physiology and Cell Wall Structure and Dynamics
(Mark M. Huycke and Lynn E. Hancock, The Muchmore Laboratories for Infectious Diseases Research, Research Service, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center and University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA and others)

Chap 4. Mobile Genetic Elements and Horizontal Gene Transfer
(Teresa M. Coque, Ana R. Freitas, Carla Novais, Luísa Peixe and Fernando Baquero, Department of Microbiology, IRYCIS, CIBERESP, Ramón y Cajal University Hospital, Madrid, Spain and others)

Chap 5. Enterococcal Genomes And Genomic Islands
(Veronica N. Kos and Michael S. Gilmore, Harvard Medical School. Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, MA USA)

Chap 6. Emergence and Clonal Dissemination of Enterococcus Faecium And Enterococcus Faecalis in Hospitals, The Community And Animals
(Janetta Top and Rob Willems, Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, The Netherlands)

Chap 7. Surveillance of Antimicrobial Resistance among Enterococcus Faecium and Enterococcus Faecalis Isolated from Human (Clinical/Commensal), Food Animal, Meat and Environmental Samples
(Guido Werner, Dept. of Infectious Diseases and Robert Koch Institute, Wernigerode Branch, Burgstr. Wernigerode, Germany)

Chap 8. Are Antimicrobial Resistant Enterococci of Animal Origin A Human Hazard?
(Anette M. Hammerum, Camilla H. Lester and Ole E. Heuer, Department of Microbiological Surveillance and Research, Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, Denmark; National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Søborg, Denmark)

Chap 9. Pathogenesis and Virulence
(Teresa Semedo-Lemsaddek and Rosario Mato(Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar em Sanidade Animal -CIISA-, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Universidade Técnica de Lisboa. Avenida da Universidade Técnica, Portugal and others)

Chap 10. Enterococcal Biofilms
(Fernanda Laroza Paganelli1 and Helen L. Leavis, University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Medical Microbiology, Utrecht, The Netherlands)

Chap 11. Protective Immune Response
(Christian Repp and Johannes Huebner, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University Hospital Freiburg, Germany)

Chap 12. Transcriptome nalysis: Towards A Comprehensive Understanding Of Global Enterococcal Transcriptional Activity
(Margrete Solheim and Ingolf F. Nes, Department of Chemistry Biotechnology and Food Science, Laboratory of Microbial Gene Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway)

Chap 13. Proteomics Of Enterococci: An “-Omic” Tool For Understanding Antibiotic Resistance And Stress Environments
(Gilberto Igrejas, Patrícia Poeta, Carlos Carvalho and José Luís Capelo, Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Center of Genomics and Biotechnology, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal, and others)

Chap 14. Post-Genomic Strategies Towards The Evaluation Of Pathogenicity Potential
(Maria de Fátima Silva Lopes, Laura Carrilero and Bruno Gonzalez-Zorn, Instituto de Biologia Experimental e Tecnológica (IBET), Qta do Marquês, Av. da República (EAN), Portugal and others)

Chap 15. Enterococci In Food
(Maria Teresa Barreto Crespo and Paula Isabel Alves, Instituto de Biologia Experimental e Tecnológica (IBET), Qta do Marquês, Av. da República (EAN), Portugal and others)

Chap 16. Enterococci in Water
Caterina Signoretto and Pietro Canepari, Dipartimento di Patologia e Diagnostica - Sezione di Microbiologia, Università di Verona, Strada, Verona, Italy)

Chap 17. Qualified Presumption of Safety (Qps) And Generally Recognized As Safe (Gras) Concepts
(Charles M.A.P. Franz, Melanie Huch, Hikmate Abriouel and Antonio Gálvez, Max Rubner-Institut, Federal Research Institute for Nutrition and Food, Department of Safety and Quality of Fruit and Vegetables, Karlsruhe, Germany and others)

Chap 18. Bacteriocins and Their Application as Food Bio-preservatives
(Hikmate Abriouel, M José Grande, Rubén Pérez Pulido, and Antonio Gálvez, University of Jaen, Health Sciences Department, Microbiology Division, Fac. Experimental Sciences, Jaen, Spain)

Chap 19. Probiotics and Their Applications to Improve Human and Animal Health
(Varsha Gupta, Dip.NB, Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College Hospital, Sector 32, Chandigarh.and Ritu Garg, Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College Hospital, Chandigarh)

Chap 20. Closing Remarks: Potential Risks of Enterococci To Food Safety Regarding The 21st Century Challenges
(Maria Teresa Barreto Crespo, Rogério Tenreiro and Teresa Semedo-Lemsaddek
(Instituto de Biologia Experimental e Tecnológica (IBET), Qta do Marquês, Portugal and others)


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