Energy and Environment Nowadays


Luis G. Torres Bustillos (Editor)
Bioprocessess Department, UPIBI-Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Mexico

Erick R. Bandala (Editor)
Escuela de Ingenieria Civil y Ambiental. Universidad de las Americas-Puebl, Mexico

Series: Energy Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: SCI024000

Presently, energy and the environment are closely related issues throughout the world. The indiscriminate use of fossil fuels has resulted in adverse effects on the environment (i.e, excessive production of greenhouse gases, pollution of underground and superficial waters, soil contamination). The international reserves of crude oil are declining, and some pessimistic references refer to an important detriment in the annual oil availability for 2050. Because of these facts, the necessity to develop novel sources of energy, especially fuels from sustainable sources, is mandatory. Such alternative sources of energy (i.e. wind, solar, biomass, hydraulic) are potential renewable sources capable of changing the paradigm of productive activities around the world.

In many cases, the energy production processes include resources commonly available or even the use of materials that are considered waste (i.e., wastewaters, agriculture residues, urban solid wastes). Despite all the desirable characteristics involved, the processes included in the generation of renewable energy may not only positively impact the environment, but may also cause harm on surrounding areas. However, to our knowledge, relatively few works have been published carrying out this type of environmental cost-benefit analysis. The aim of this book is to provide readers with the information to perform such an analysis. The contents provide a review of the state-of-the-art on the development of renewable energies, their main environmental advantages and disadvantages and the emerging procedures for site remediation to be applied if necessary, with special emphasis on those processes combining contamination removal actions and energy production.

The contributors of this book are researchers with outstanding degrees of expertise in these fields. Every chapter will include a brief introduction of the state of the art developments, followed by the main results from recently developed research projects. This collection of information will be extremely interesting for undergraduate and graduate students, other researchers, policy makers, government staff involved with energy production and environmental affairs, and any member of the general public interested in these important subjects. (Imprint: Nova)



Table of Contents

List of Reviewers


Chapter 1- Biogas Production from Wastewater Sludge (pp. 1-16)
Nathalie Cabirol, Marcelo Rojas-Oropeza and Bernd Weber (Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Ecología y Recursos Naturales, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico, D.F., Mexico and others)

Chapter 2 – Biorefinery: Using Microalgal Biomass for Producing Lipids, Biofuels and other Chemicals (pp. 17-56)
Alma Toledo-Cervantes and Marcia Morales (Doctorado en Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana UAM- Iztapalapa, Mexico and others)

Chapter 3 – Environmental Impact of Biofuels (pp. 57-80)
Eugenio Sánchez-Arreola,, José D. Lozada-Ramírez, Luis R. Hernández and Horacio Bach (Departamento de Ciencias Químico Biológicas, Universidad de las Américas Puebla, Cholula, Puebla, México and others)

Chapter 4 – Life Cycle Analysis and GHG Emissions Assessment in Biofuels Production (pp. 81-106)
Gemma Cervantes and Mariana Ortega (UPUBI-IPN, Mexico)

Chapter 5 – Humic Acids Production from Sewage Sludge (pp. 107-126)
Victor A. Ramìrez Coutiño, Francisco J. Rodríguez, Luis A. Godinez, Erika Bustos Bustos, Adrián Rodríguez García and Juan Manriquez Rocha (Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo Tecnológico en Electroquímica SC, Mexico)

Chapter 6 – Mathematical Modeling and Simulation of Hydrogen Production by Dark Fermentation Using an ADM1-Based Model (pp. 127-164)
Guillermo E. Baquerizo Araya (Bioengineering Department, Unidad Profesional Interdisciplinaria de Biotecnología, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico)

Chapter 7 – Methane Production from Tequila Vinasses (pp. 165-188)
H.O. Méndez-Acosta and V. González-Álvarez (University of Guadalajara, CUCEI, Department of Chemical Engineering, Mexico)

Chapter 8 – PV Systems Design and Applications (pp. 189-206)
Pedro Bañuelos Sánchez (Universidad de las Américas Puebla, Puebla, Mexico)

Chapter 9 – Analysis of an Affordable Rural Ecologic Home for Marginal Communities in the Sierra Negra zone, State of Puebla, México (pp. 207-228)
Benjamín Sánchez Andrade, Marie Hoepfl, Juan Gabriel Garcia Maldonado and Benito Corona Vásquez (Department of Civil Engineer and Sustainable Development, Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey campus Puebla, Puebla, Puebla, México and others)

Chapter 10 – A Biorefinery Based on Seeds and Vegetable Residues with an Industrial Ecology Vision (pp. 229-240)
Luis G. Torres and Gemma Cervantes (Deparmento de Bioprocesos. UPIBI-Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Mexico)

About the Authors


Additional information