Endophytes: Types, Potential Uses and Mechanism(s) of Action

$230.00

Pragya Tiwari, PhD – Research Professor, Department of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea

Series: Microbiology Research Advances
BISAC: SCI003000; SCI010000
DOI: https://doi.org/10.52305/JETR3242

Endophytes are organisms that live between living plant cells and do not cause disease. Endophytes are ubiquitously present in diverse plant species, demonstrating a co-evolution with the plant host. Furthermore, different classes of microbial species, including bacteria, fungi, and actinomycetes colonize the internal plant tissues, leading to a wide range of implications. The medicinal plants associated with endophytes have been extensively studied as a potential source of bioactive compounds, with pharmacological attributes and biotechnological applications. Scientific breakthroughs in whole genome sequencing and annotation of endophyte-associated gene/metabolic pathways provided key insights into functional mechanisms and their dynamics within plants. Studies have highlighted the socio-economic implications of fungal endophytes in the environment, agriculture, and medicine with considerable success. Although extensively studied as a “production platform” of novel pharmacological metabolites, the molecular mechanisms of plant-endophyte dynamics remain less understood/explored for their efficient utilization in drug discovery and other biotechnological applications. This book aims to provide comprehensive knowledge about the multifaceted applications of endophytes.

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1. Endophytes and Their Emerging Importance in the Environment
R. O. Anyasi1 and H. I. Atagana2
1
Department of Environmental Sciences, University of South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa.
2Institute for Nanotechnology and Water Sustainability, University of South Africa, Johannesburg, South Africa

Chapter 2. Molecular and Biochemical Methods for Isolation and Characterization of Endophytes
Mangalam Bajpai1, Jyotirmayee Das1 and Pragya Tiwari2
1Global Product Compliance (GPC) Regulatory India Private Limited, 3rd floor, Samved Sankul, Civil Lines, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
2Department of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, Korea

Chapter 3. Bacterial and Fungal Endophytes from Medicinal Plants and Bio-Prospection of Their Secondary Metabolites
Anupam Maurya1 and V. Gopi2
1
Chemistry Department, Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy (PCIM&H), Ministry of Ayush, Ghaziabad, India
2Microbiology Department, Pharmacopoeia Commission for Indian Medicine and Homoeopathy (PCIM&H), Ministry of Ayush, Ghaziabad, India

Chapter 4. Exploring the Multi-Faceted Endophytes to Enhance Plant Growth and Tolerance toward Environmental Stress
Janki K. Patel
Department of Biological Sciences, P. D. Patel Institute of Applied Sciences,
Charotar University of Science and Technology, Changa, Gujarat, India

Chapter 5. Some Significant Case Studies on Plant-Associated Endophytes
Avnish Kumar1, Monika Asthana1 and Pragya Tiwari2
1
Department of Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Agra
2Department of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea

Chapter 6. Endophytic Actinomycetes: Overview, Distribution, and Multi-Faceted Applications
Subir Kumar Bose1, Jyotirmayee Das2, Mangalam Bajpai2, Ashutosh Gautam3 and Pragya Tiwari4
1Department of Biotechnology and Microbiology, Meerut Institute of Engineering and Technology, Meerut, UP, India
2Global Product Compliance (GPC) Regulatory India Private Limited, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3Spices Board, Regional Office, Srinagar, (J&K UT), India
4Department of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea

Chapter 7. Bio-Prospection of Endophytes and Yield Improvement Strategies for the Production of High-Value Metabolites
Vyoma Mistry1, Siddhi Darji1, A. Sankarnarayanan2 and Abhishek Sharma1,3
1C. G. Bhakta Institute of Biotechnology, Uka Tarsadia University, Gopal-Vidyanagar, Maliba Campus, Surat, India
2Sri Sathya Sai University for Human Excellence, Navanihal, Okali Post, Kamalapur, Kalaburagi, Karnataka, India
3Department of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Institute of Advanced Research, Koba Institutional Area, Gandhinagar, India

Chapter 8. Nanoparticles from Bacterial and Fungal Endophytes: Synthesis and Applications
Anjani Devi Chintagunta1, K. Pallavi2, N. Satya Vijaya Kumar3 and N. S. Sampath Kumar1
1Department of Biotechnology, Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology and Research, Vadlamudi, Andhra Pradesh, India
2Vignan Pharmacy College, Vadlamudi, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
3Centre of Excellence (CoExAMMPC), Vignan’s Foundation for Science, Technology and Research, Vadlamudi, Andhra Pradesh, India

Chapter 9. Contributions of Computational Biology Resources in Endophyte Biology and Research
Ankit Singh1, Abhay Tiwari1, Gourav Choudhir1 Anu Dalal2, Anuj Rana3, Pravin Kumar4, Simranjeet Kaur5 and Avneesh Kumar5
1
Centre for Rural Development and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, India
2Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi, India
3Department of Microbiology, CCS Haryana Agriculture University, Hisar, Haryana, India
4Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Akal University, Talwandi Sabo, Bathinda, Punjab, India
5Department of Botany, Akal University, Talwandi Sabo, Bathinda, Punjab, India

Chapter 10. Multi-Omics Approaches for Identification of Endophytes in Agriculture
Bhawana Mishra1, Muktesh Chandra2
1Department of Environmental Sciences, Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh, India
2SL Education Institute, Moradabad, MJP Rohilkhand University, Bareilly, UP, India

Chapter 11. Plant-Associated Endophytes: Molecular Mechanisms and Significance in Promoting Sustainable Agriculture
Pragya Tiwari1, Muhammad Adil2, Nagaraj Basavegowda1, and Jen-Tsung Chen3
1Department of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, Republic of Korea
2Pharmacology and Toxicology Section, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Jhang Campus, Pakistan
3Department of Life Sciences, National University of Kaohsiung, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Chapter 12. Recent Trends and Prospects in Endophyte Biology and Research
Hiran Kanti Santra and Debdulal Banerjee
Microbiology and Microbial Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Botany and Forestry, Vidyasagar University, Midnapore, West Bengal, India

Index