Encyclopedia of Water Pollution (2 Volume Set)


Sheldon E. Haffhold (Editor)

Series: Air, Water and Soil Pollution Science and Technology
BISAC: TEC010010

This book presents important research advances in the study of water pollution, as well as marine pollution, river pollution, lake pollution, water purification, cruise ship pollution and the acidification of the earth’s oceans. Topics discussed herein include wastewater treatment; removal of halogenated hydrocarbons from water; environmental biomonitoring; marine debris; petroleum pollution; envirometrics as a tool for lake pollution assessment; simulation of ecosystem degradation; and advanced technologies for water treatment. (Imprint: Nova)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Expert Commentaries

Mining the Deep-Sea Vents: Pollution and Conservation Issues,
(Derek V. Ellis, University of Victoria, Canada)
pp. 3-5

Marine Pollution Research Employing Bivalves in Venezuela,
(John J. LaBrecque, Zully A. Benzo, and Juan A. Alfonso, Instituto Venezolano de Investigactiones Cientificos-IVIC, Caracas, Venezuela)
pp. 7-10

Short Communications

Acid-Enhanced Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs),
(Jaqueline Garcia-Hernandez, Centro de Investigacion en Alimentacion y Desarrollo, Guaymas, Sonora, Mexico)
pp. 13-17

Resuspension of Sediment as a Method for Managing Eutrophic Lagoons?,
(Mauro Lenzi, Lagoon Ecology and Aquaculture Laboratory (LEAlab), Orbetello, Italy)
pp. 19-25

An Updated Report on the Water Chemistry of the Lakes of Central Italy,
(Franco Medici, Gilbert Rinaldi, Dept. of Chemical Engineering Materials and Environment, “La Sapienza” Univ. of Roma, Italy)
pp. pp. 27-37

Research and Review Studies

Chapter 1
Availability and Potential Mobility of Heavy Metals in Sludges Using Simple Extraction Procedures,
(A. Fuentes et al., University of Murcia, Spain)
pp. 41-67

Chapter 2
Brown Colored Wastewaters from Molasses Fermentation Processes,
(Mónica Coca et al., Universidad de Valladolid, Spain)
pp. 69-93

Chapter 3
Enhanced Losses of Phosphorus in Mole-Tile Drainage Water Following Short-Term Applications of Dairy Effluent to Pasture,
(R.W. McDowell, AgResearch Ltd, Mosgiel, New Zealand)
pp. 95-116

Chapter 4
Effects of Sampling and Sample Preparation in Bioindication of Invertebrates,
(Bettina Zödl et al., Medical University of Vienna, Austria)
pp. 117-138

Chapter 5
Application of Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs) to Wastewater Treatment. Case Studies: Decolourization of Textile Effluents, Detoxification of Olive Mill Effluent, Treatment of Domestic Wastewater,
(Nuri Azbar et al., Ege University, Izmir, Turkey)
pp. 139-157

Chapter 6
Adsorption of Imidaclopid by Heat Treated Kerolites: Effects of Ionic Strength and Temperature,
(E. Gonzálex-Pradas, University of Almería, Spain)
pp. 159-182

Chapter 7
Application of an “O2/CO2 Headspace Test with GC-TCD” for Biodegradability Testing of Synthetic Ester Lubricants in Water and Soil,
(Stefan Hahn, Fraunhofer Institute of Toxicology and Experimental Medicine, Hanover, Germany)
pp. 183-199

Chapter 8
Removal of Halogenated Hydrocarbons from Water by Zero-Valent Iron,
(Vaclav Janda, Institute of Chemical Technology, Prague, Czech Republic and Ondra Sracek, Masaryk University, Czech Republic)
pp. 201-220

Chapter 9
Protist as Tools for Environmental Biomonitoring: Importance of Cholinesterase Enzyme Activities,
(Maria Umberta Delmonta Corrado et al., University of Genoa, Italy)
pp. 221-240

Chapter 10
The Role of Deep Submarine Tailings Placement (STP) in the Mitigation of Marine Pollution for Coastal and Island Mines,
(Derek Ellis, University of Victoria, Canada)
pp. 241-269

Chapter 11
Marine Debris, A Growing Problem: Sources, Distribution, Composition, and Impacts,
(Stelios Katsanevakis, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Institute of Marine Biological Resources, Agios Kosmas, Hellinikon, Greece, Department of Zoology-Marine Biology, Faculty of Biology, University of Athens, Greece)
pp. 271-318

Chapter 12
An improved method for rapid determination of the reduced and oxidized states of metallothioneins in biological samples,
(Santovito G., Piccinni E., Irato P., Department of Biology, University of Padua, Italy)
pp. 319-341

Chapter 13
Integrative Ecotoxicological Assessment of Contaminated Sediments in a Complex Tropical Estuarine System,
(Abessa D.M.S., UNESP Campus Experimental do Litoral Paulista, Praca Infante Dom Henrique, Brazil, Carr R.S., US Geological Survey, CERCE, Marine Ecotoxicology Research Station, Texas, Sousa E.C.P.M., Instituto Oceanografico da USP, Praca do Oceanografico, Brazil)
pp. 343-376

Chapter 14
Recent Analysis of Soft Tissue of Clams to assess Marine Pollution in Venezuela,
(John J. LaBrecque, Juan A. Alfonso, Zully A. Benzo, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificos-IVIC, Caracas, Venezuela)
pp. 377-433

Chapter 15
Impact of climate and environmental factors on the epidemiology of Vibrio cholerae in Aquatic Ecosystems,
(Violeta Trinidad Pardío Sedas, Universidad Veracruzana, México)
pp. 435-468

Chapter 16
The Possibility of False Negative Results Hampers the Ability to Elucidate the Relationship between Fecal Indicator Bacteria and Human Pathogens and Source Tracking Markers in Beach Water and Sand;
(Kelly D. Goodwin, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric, Administration, Atlantic Oceanographic & Meteorological Laboratories, San Diego, CA, Lisa Matragrano, Emory Univ., Graduate Division of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Atlanta, GA, Michael J. LaGier, Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC)
pp. 469-491

Chapter 17
Toxicity of African Dust and Related Components to Marine Organisms,
(Marion Nipper, Center for Coastal Studies, Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi, USA, R. Scott Carr, James M. Biedenbach, Columbia Environmental Research Center, US Geological Survey, USA,Virginia H. Garrison, Florida Integrated Science Center-St. Petersburg, US Geological Survey, St. Petersburg, FL, USA)
pp. 493-509

Chapter 18
Spatial and Temporal Patterns in Toxicity around a Municipal-Industrial Wastewater Discharge in Corpus Christi Bay, Texas,
(R. Scott Carr, USGS, CERC, Marine Ecotoxicology Research Station, Texas A & M University-Corpus Christi, Texas, Paul Krause, ARCADIS U.S., Inc., California, Paul Montagna, Texas A & M University-Corpus Christi, Texas)
pp. 511-535

Chapter 19
Seasonal modulated MT synthesis in the cockle (Cerastoderma edule) after parasite and cadmium contamination,
(I. Paul-Pont, M. Baudrimont, P. Gonzalez, Université Bordeaux 1, France)
pp. 537-552

Chapter 20
Petroleum Pollution and Penguins: Marine Conservation Tools to Reduce the Problem,
(Pablo Garcia-Borboroglu, Centro Nacional Patagonico (CONICET), Argentina, Rufford Small Grants Foundation, UK, Wildlife Conservation Society, New York, Dee Boersma, Wildlife Conservation Society, New York, University of Washington, Department of Biology, WA, Laura Marina Reyes, Centro Nacional Patagonico (CONICET), Rufford Small Grants Foundation, UK, University Nacional de la Patagonia San Juan Bosco, Argentina)
pp. 553-570

Chapter 21
Organic Pollutants in Mussels from Guanabara Bay, A Representative Tropical Estuary,
(Isabel Moreira, Inai M.R. de Andrade Bruning, Pontificia Univ. Catolica, Dept. of Chemistry, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)
pp. 571-591

Chapter 22
Heavy metal assessment in two Subtropical Estuarine Systems in the State of São Paulo, Brazil,
(Aguiar V.M.C., Baptista-Neto J.A., Instituto de Geociências, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Brazil, Braga E.S., Instituto Oceanográfico, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil)
pp. 593-611

Chapter 23
Production of Salt Aerosol and Bioaerosol from a Sea-Salt Aerosol Generator,
(D. Voss, H. Maring (University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Chemistry, Miami Fla. and K.D. Goodwin, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratories, San Diego, CA)
pp. 613-641

Chapter 24
Environmetrics as a Tool for Lake Pollution Assessment,
(Aleksander Astel, Environmental Chemistry Research Unit, Biology and Environmental Protection Inst., Pomeranian Academy, Slupsk, Poland, Vasil Simeonov, Chair of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Univ. of Sofia, Bulgaria)
pp. 643-690

Chapter 25
Lakes in the Apulian Karst (Southern Italy): Geology, Karst Morphology, and their Role in the Local History,
(Mario Parise, National Research Council, IRPI, Bari, Italy)
pp. 691-707

Chapter 26
Ecotoxicity and Bioaccumulation of Toxin from Cylindrospermopsis Raciborskii: Towards the Development of Environmental Protection Guidelines for Contaminated Water Bodies,
(Susan H. W. Kinnear, Inst. for Sustainable Regional Development, Central Queensland Univ., Rockhampton, Leo J. Duivenvoorden, Larelle D. Fabbro, Centre for Environmental Management, Central Queensland Univ., Rockhampton)
pp. 709-733

Chapter 27
Focus on Understanding the Relation between Lakes and Pollution-model based approach and Case Study of Subarctic Lakes,
(Ryunosuke Kikuchi, Polytechnic Inst. of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal, Tamara T. Gorbacheva, Dept. of Basic Science and Environment, CERNAS, ESAC, INEP-Kola Science Center; Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatit, Russia)
pp. 735-760

Chapter 28
Aquatic Pollutant Assessment Across Multiple Scales,
(Clint D. McCullough, Centre for Ecosystem Management& Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Mine Lakes, Edith Cowan Univ., Australia)
pp. 761-782

Chapter 29
Fish Assemblage Subjected to Strong Anthropogenic Stress: The Case of the Barra Bonita Reservoir, Tiete River Basin, Sao Paulo, Brazil,
(M.L. Petesse, Dept. de Ecologia, Univ. Estadual Paulista, Rio Claro, Brazil)
pp. 783-837

Chapter 30
Pollution Impacts and Key Athropogenically Induced Processes in Lakes of the Russian Euro-arctic Region,
(Tatyana I. Moiseenko, Water Problem Inst., Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow)
pp. 839-868

Chapter 31
Health Effects of Lake Pollution,
(Paul Froom, Central Laboratory of Haifa and Western Galilee, Clalit Health Services, Hematology Laboratories, Central Laboratory of Haifa and Western Galilee, Clalit Health Services, Nesher, Israel)
pp. 869-912

Chapter 32
Mean Residence Times of Stream and Spring Water in a Small Forested Watershed with a Thick Weathered Layer,
( Naoki Kabeya, Department of Soil and Water Conservation, Forestry and Forest Products Reseaech Inst., Japan, Akira Shimizu, Regional Kyushi Research Center, Forestry and Forest Products Research Inst., Japan, Yoshio Tsuboyama, Department of Soil and Water Conservation, Forestry and Forest Products Reseaech Inst., Japan, et al.)
pp. 913-933

Volume 2

Chapter 33
An Analysis of Internal Phosphorus Loading in White Lake, Michigan,
(Alan D. Steinman, Mary Ogdahl, Mark Luttenton, Annis Water Inst. Grand Valley State Univ., Lake Michigan Center, Muskegon, MI)
pp. 935-949

Chapter 34
Hydraulic Characterization of Deep Dquifer(s) in the Arsenic Affected Meghna Floodplain, Southeastern Bangladesh,
(Anwar Zahid, Department of Geology, Univ. of Dhaka, Bangladesh Water Development Board, Dhaka, Bangladesh, M. Qumrul Hassan, Department of Geology Univ. of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh, Jeff L. Imes, David W. Clarke, United States Geological Survey, National Drilling Company-USGS Ground-Water Research Program, Al Ain, UAE, et al.)
pp. 951-977

Chapter 35
Weight of Evidence Assessment of Impacts from an Abandoned Mine Site to the Lake Dasserat Watershed, Quebec Canada,
(Richard R. Goulet, Canadian Nuclear Safety, Univ. of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada, Yves Couillard, Environment Canada, Existing Substance Division, Quebec, Canada)
pp. 979-993

Chapter 36
Simulation of Ecosystem Degradation and its Application for Effective Policy-Making in Regional Scale,
(Tadanobu Nakayama, National Institute for Environmental Studies(NIES), Japan)
pp. 995-1083

Chapter 37
Radionuclide Distribution in the Lower Yenisey and Pechora Reaches: Landscape Geochemical Signatures and Patterns of Global and Regional Contamination,
(Korobova E.M., Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ukraintseva N.G., Moscow State University, All-Russia Research Institute for Pipelines, Surkov V.V. Moscow State University, Brown J. & Standring W. Nowegian Radiation and Protection Agency, et al.)
pp. 1085-1150

Chapter 38
Photochemical Transformation Processes of Organic Pollutants in Surface Waters,
(Davide Vione, Claudio Minero, Valder Maurino, Dipartimento di Chimica Analitica, Universitá di Torino, Torino Italy)
pp. 1151-1193

Chapter 39
Complexity, Nonlinearity and Scaling in Sediment Transport Dynamics,
(Bellie Sivakumar, Dept. of Land, Air and Water Resources, Univ. of California, Davis, CA)
pp. 1195-1227

Chapter 40
Spatial and Temporal Variation of Dissolved Organic Carbon in the Sacramento and San Joaquin River Watersheds,
(Alex T. Chow, Randy A. Dahlgren, Anthony T. O’Geen, Department of Land, Air, and Water Resources, University of California, USA)
pp. 1229-1244

Chapter 41
Applications of an Urban Diffuse Pollution Model to Support WFD Investment Appraisal,
(G. Mitchell, School of Geography and Institute for Transport Studies, University of Leeds, A. McDonald, Earth and Biosphere Institute, University of Leeds, M. Clarke, Emaginating Ltd., Leeds Innovation Centre, Leeds, UK and School of Geography, University of Leeds, UK)
pp. 1245-1257

Chapter 42
Assessing Groundwater Pollution Risk in Sarigkiol Basin, NW Greece,
(K.S. Voudouris, Lab. of Engineering Geology & Hydrogeology, Department of Geology, Aristotle University, Greece)
pp. 1259-1275

Chapter 43
What Do People Think About Pollution? Contributions of Human Ecology to the Study of River Pollution with A Focus on Brazil,
(R.A.M. Silvano, Dep. Ecologia, Porto Alegre, Brazil, Fisheries and Food Institute/FIFO, Campinas, SP, Brazil, A. Begossi, Fisheries and Food Institute/FIFO, Campinas, SP, Brazil, CAPESCA/PREAC/UNICAMP, SP)
pp. 1277-1290

Chapter 44
Surveillance of River Water Pollution by use of an Automatic Trace Metal System,
(Øyvind Mikkelsen, Silje M. Skogvold, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Chemistry, Norway)
pp. 1291-1311

Chapter 45
The Status of River Water Chemical Pollution in Zimbabwe: A Review,
(J.Nyamangara, Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Engineering, University of Zimbabwe, G. Nyamadzawo, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Washington State University, C. Bangira, Texas A & M University, Department of Soil & Crop Sciences, A. Senzanje, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, South Africa)
pp. 1313-1327

Chapter 46
Ambivalent Role of Microbial Communities in Polluted Rivers,
(Alexandre José Macedo, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Faculdade de Farmácia and Centro de Biotecnologia, Brazil, Wolf-Rainer Abraham, Helmholtz Center for Infection Research, Chemical Microbiology, Germany)
pp. 1329-1343

Chapter 47
Assessment of Pathogen Indicator Microorganism Loading From Diffuse Sources,
(Geonha Kim, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hannam University, Republic of Korea)
pp. 1345-1366

Chapter 48
Advanced Technologies Based on Ozonation for Water Treatment, pp.
(Leonardo Morais Da Silva, Débora Vilela Franco, Ismael Carneiro Gonçalves and Lindomar Gomes de Sousa, Federal University of Jequitinhonha and Mucuri’s Valley – UFVJM, Diamantina, Brazil)

Chapter 49
Paradigm Shift from a Clean Ocean to a Bountiful Ocean -An Essential Vision Revealed by Ecological Modeling of “Tidal Flats – Central Bay Area Coupling” and “Benthic-Pelagic Ecosystem Coupling”,
(Akio Sohma, Environmental, Natural Resources and Energy, Div. Mizuho Info and Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan)
pp. 1421-1500

Chapter 50
Bank Filtration of Rivers and Lakes to Improve the Raw Water Quality for Drinking Water Supply,
(Günter Gunkel & Anja Hoffmann, Berlin University of Technology, Dept. Water Quality Control, Berlin, Germany)
pp. 1501-1533

Chapter 51
Chitosan for Pesticide Control on Environmental Protection and Water Purification,
(Cristóbal Lárez Velásquez & Enrique Millán Barrios, Departamento de Química, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Los Andes, Merida, Venezuela)
pp. 1535-1565

Chapter 52
Silica-Supported CdS-sensitized TiO2 Particles in Photo-Driven Water Purification: Assessment of Efficiency, Stability and Recovery Future Perspectives,
(Ahed H. Zyoud and Hikmat S. Hilal, Department of Chemistry, Najah N. University, Nablus, West Bank, Palestine)
pp. 1567-1590

Chapter 53
Photo-Degradation of Methyl Orange with Direct Solar Light using ZnO and Activated Carbon-Supported ZnO,
(Hikmat S. Hilal, Ghazi Y. M. Nour and Ahed Zyoud, Department of Chemistry, An-Najah N. University, Nablus, West Bank, Palestine)
pp. 1591-1609

Chapter 54
Water Purification using Compression and Absorption Heat Pumps,
(J. Siqueiros, A. Huicochea and J. A. Hernández, Centro de Investigación en Ingeniería y Ciencias Aplicadas – Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos, Cuernavaca, México)
pp. 1611-1637

Chapter 55
Why Vapor Pressure of a Volatile Liquid Decreases by Addition of Solutes: A New Qualitative Model,
(Hikmat S. Hilal and Ali Cheknane, Department of Chemistry, An-Najah N. University, Nablus, West Bank, Palestine, and others)
pp. 1639-1648

Chapter 56
The Biotechnology of the Phased Drinking Water Purification in the Conditions of Astrakhan Region,
(L.T. Sukhenko; Astrakhan State University, Astrakhan)
pp. 1649-1651

Chapter 57
Additional Purification of Water Bodies and Waste Waters with Consorciums of Aquatic Plants Containing Microorganisms,
(Gogotov I.N., Institute of Basic Biological Problems RAS)
pp. 1653-1660

Chapter 58
Draft Cruise Ship Discharge Assessment Report,
(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
pp. 1661-1773

Chapter 59
Cruise Ship Pollution: Background, Laws and Regulations, and Key Issues,
(Claudia Copeland)
pp. 1775-1800

Chapter 60
Feely Testimony on Ocean Acidification,
pp. 1801-1806

Chapter 61
Marine Dead Zones: Understanding the Problem,
(Eugene H. Buck)
pp. 1807-1818

Chapter 62
Ocean Acidification,
(Eugene H. Buck and Peter Folger)
pp. 1819-1825

Chapter 63
Ocean Dumping Act: A Summary of the Law,
(Claudia Copeland)
pp. 1827-1832

Chapter 64
Oil Spills in U.S. Coastal Waters: Background, Governance, and Issues for Congress,
(Jonathan L. Ramseur)
pp. 1833-1867

Chapter 65
U.S. Disposal of Chemical Weapons in the Ocean: Background and Issues for Congress,
(David M. Bearden)
pp. 1869-1891

Chapter Sources
pp. 1891-1892

pp. 1893-1977


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