Encyclopedia of Polymer Composites: Properties, Performance and Applications


Mikhail Lechkov (Editor)
Sergej Prandzheva (Editor)

Series: Polymer Science and Technology

In the last several years, polymer composites have been used heavily in the construction sector, such as to repair or design buildings and bridges, strengthen structures and as stand-alone components. About 30% of all polymers produced each year are used in the civil engineering and building industries. In addition to construction, polymer composites are also used in transportation (moulded parts, fuel and gas tanks), aerospace (satellites and aircraft structures), marine, biomedical (dental fixtures, prosthetic devices), electronics and in recreation industries. Such properties associated with polymer composites, in addition to its performance and applications, are continually being researched. Some topics examined in this book include the durability of the base components of FRP (fiber-reinforced polymer), specifically designed for civil engineering industry. The most common environmental agents, mostly responsible for the deterioration of the materials performance are also discussed.

Furthermore, the interfacial adhesion between nanotubes and polymers and the different strategies to promote adhesion are explored to help readers understand the potential and challenges faced by scientists and engineers regarding the use of carbon nanotubes as a reinforcement phase in nanocomposites. This book also reviews the state-of-the-art of syntactic foams and shape memory polymers. The underlying principle for self-heating is also analyzed. Other chapters examine the processing of polymers into antimicrobial materials using polymer/clay nanotechnology, the various methods of synthesis for polyaniline-based nanoparticle-hybrid materials, and the steps towards understanding the complex relationships between specific factors in the production of plastic composites.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1 – Electrode coatings consisting of polythiophene-based composites containing metal centres pp.1-74
Authors / Editors: (Chiara Zanardi, Fabio Terzi, Laura Pigani and Renato Seeber, Dipartimento di Chimica– Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena – Italy)
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Chapter 2 – Poly (ethylene oxide) clay nanocomposites: From gels to multilayered films pp.75-144
Authors / Editors: (Eduard A. Stefanescu, Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Engineering, Department of Chemical and Life Science Engineering, Richmond, VA)

Chapter 3 – Collagen Composites for Tissue Engineering pp.145-178
Authors / Editors: (Chaoliang He, Fengfu Li, May Griffith, University of Ottawa Eye Institute and Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada)

Chapter 4 – Advances in Generation of Environmentally Responsive Surfaces pp.179-202
Authors / Editors: (Vikas Mittal, Institute of Chemical and Bioengineering, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, ETH Zurich, Switzerland)

Chapter 5 – Advances in Grafting of Polymer Chains ‘to’ and ‘from’ the Layered-Silicate Clay Surface pp.203-224
Authors / Editors: (Vikas Mittal, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, Institute of Chemical and Bio Engineering, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, ETH Hoenggerberg, Zurich)

Chapter 6 – Physical-mechanical, thermochemical, thermophysical properties And morphological features Of polymer nanocomposites pp.225-280
Authors / Editors: (A.O. Tonoyan, Ch. Schiсk, S.P. Davtyan, State Engineering University of Armenia, Department of Chemistry, Armenia, and others)

Chapter 7 – Design, characterization and evaluation of biomimetic polymeric dental composites with remineralization potential pp.281-318
Authors / Editors: (D. Skrtic and J.M. Antonucci, Paffenbarger Research Center, American Dental Association Foundation, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, and others)

Chapter 8 – Durability of adhesives and matrices for polymer composites used in restoration and rehabilitation of building structures under natural and accelerated weathering conditions pp.319-344
Authors / Editors: (Mariaenrica Frigione, Department of Engineering for Innovation, University of Salento, Italy)

Chapter 9 – Some aspects of the theory and practice of frontal polymerization pp.345-388
Authors / Editors: (H.H. Zakaryan, A.O. Tonoyan, S.P. Davtyan, State Engineering University of Armenia, Armenia)

Chapter 10 – General issues in carbon nanocomposites technology pp.389-416
Authors / Editors: (Luiz A. F. Coelho; Sérgio H. Pezzin, Márcio R. Loos, Sandro C. Amico, Centro de Ciências Tecnológicas – UDESC, Campus Universitário Prof. Avelino Marcante, Joinville/SC)

Chapter 11 – LEPR spectroscopy of charge carriers photoinduced in polymer/fullerene composites pp.417-446
Authors / Editors: (V.I. Krinichnyi, Institute of Problems of Chemical Physics RAS, Russia)

Chapter 12 – Composite polymer gels responsive to magnetic fields pp.447-476
Authors / Editors: (Tetsu Mitsumata, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Yamagata University, Yonezawa, Japan)

Chapter 13 – Initiation and propagation controlled intralaminar cracking in cross-ply laminates pp.477-510
Authors / Editors: (J. Andersons, R. Joffe, Institute of Polymer Mechanics, University of Latvia, Latvia, and others)

Chapter 14 – A shape memory polymer based self-healing smart syntactic foam pp.511-540
Authors / Editors: (Guoqiang Li and Manu John, Department of Mechanical Engineering Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, and others)

Chapter 15 – Thermal properties of carbon nanotube-silicone composites pp.541-566
Authors / Editors: (Kafil M. Razeeb, Ju Xu, Eric D. Dalton , Muhammad M. Ramli, Maurice N. Collins and Saibal Roy, Tyndall National Institute, Lee Malting, Prospect Row, Cork, Ireland, and others)

Chapter 16 – Towards antimicrobial polymer materials: A new niche for clay/polymer nanocomposites pp.567-592
Authors / Editors: (Rinat Nigmatullin, Fengge Gao, Viktoria Konovalova, School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Nottingham, UK, and others)

Chapter 17 – Dental polymer composites pp.593-620
Authors / Editors: (Irini D. Sideridou, Laboratory of Organic Chemical Technology, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki)

Chapter 18 – Polyaniline: A functional stabilizer for nano-composite systems pp.621-646
Authors / Editors: (Kaushik Mallick, Michael J Witcomb, Elma van der Lingen, Advanced Materials Division, Mintek, Randburg, South Africa, and others)

Chapter 19 – Effect of pimelic acid treatments on the crystal structures, crystallization behaviors, morphologies and mechanical properties of polypropylene composites pp.647-680
Authors / Editors: (Qiang Dou, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing, China)

Chapter 20 – Acid-base interactions and their role in forecasting of polymer composites adhesion properties pp.681-704
Authors / Editors: (I.A. Starostina, Y.I. Aleeva, E.V. Sechko, O.V. Stoyanov, Department of Polymer technology, Kazan State Technological University, Kazan, Russia)

Chapter 21 – Preparation and electrical properties of chemically functionalized carbon nanotube/polymer composites pp.705-726
Authors / Editors: (Qun Li, Qingzhong Xue, Department of Materials and Chemical Engineering, Taishan University, People’s Republic of China, and others)

Chapter 22 – Development of high performance shape memory polyurethane by cross-linking pp.727-754
Authors / Editors: (Yong-Chan Chung, Byoung Chul Chun, Department of Chemistry, The University of Suwon, Hwasung, Korea, and others)

Chapter 23 – Preparation of polymer composite nanofibers by electrospinning and their biomedical application pp.755-806
Authors / Editors: (K M Kamruzzaman Selim and Inn-Kyu Kang, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea)

Chapter 24 – Carbon nanotube based polymer nanocomposite: A unique system for versatile applications pp.807-822
Authors / Editors: (Kaushik Mallick, Michael J Witcomb, Elma van der Lingen, Advanced Materials Division, Mintek, South Africa, and others)

Chapter 25 – Incorporation of silica nanospheres into epoxy–amine materials: Polymer nanocomposites pp.823-844
Authors / Editors: (Francisco Torrens, Gloria Castellano, Institut Universitari de Ciència Molecular, Universitat de València, Edifici d’Instituts de Paterna, Spain, and others)

Chapter 26 – Polymer stabilizers: Structure, development and performance estimated changed with the thermal stability of polymer/MMT or NanoG composite pp.845-852
Authors / Editors: (Zunli Mo, Ruibin Guo, Huafeng Shi, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Northwest Normal University, China)

Chapter 27 – Dynamic processes in polymer-liquid crystal composites pp.853-870
Authors / Editors: (I. Drevenšek-Olenik, A. Petelin, M. Čopič, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, and others)

Chapter 28 – Fiber reinforced composite for non-metallic dental implants pp.871-892
Authors / Editors: (Ahmed Ballo, Timo Närhi, Pekka Vallittu, Department of Biomaterials, Institute of Clinical Sciences, The Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden, and others)

Chapter 29 – Polymer functionalized nanoporous carbon for use as adsorbents pp.893-912
Authors / Editors: (Shenmin Zhu and Di Zhang, State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, P. R. China)

Chapter 30 – Impact damage behaviour of composite materials after long-term exposure to a hygrothermal environment pp.913-932
Authors / Editors: (K. Berketis, D. Tzetzis, Spectrum Labs SA, Greece, and others)

Chapter 31 – Adhesion improvement in thermoplastic composites by polypropylene-glass grafting pp.933-952
Authors / Editors: (Mariana Etcheverry, María Luján Ferreira, Silvia Barbosa, Numa Capiati, Plapiqui (Uns-Conicet), Argentina)

Chapter 32 – Carbon-polymer composite sensors in electronic noses pp.953-966
Authors / Editors: (Claire Hartmann-Thompson, Michigan Molecular Institute, Midland, MI)

Chapter 33 – Thermal wave scattering in composites with functionally grade interface and non-steady effective thermal conductivity pp.967-990
Authors / Editors: (Xue-Qian Fang, Dao-Bin Wang, Department of Engineering Mechanics, Shijiazhuang Railway Institute, P.R. China)

Chapter 34 – Toughening of polylactic acid pp.991-1008
Authors / Editors: (Long Jiang, Jinwen Zhang, Wood Materials and Engineering Laboratory, Washington State University, Pullman WA)

Chapter 35 – Influence of fillers of different nature on properties of polymer compositions based on water solutions. pp.1009-1026
Authors / Editors: (L.m. Trufakina, Institute of Petrochemistry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia)

Chapter 36 – Hindered amine stabilizers as sources of markers of the heterogeneous photooxidation / photostabilization of carbon chain polymers pp.1027-1042
Authors / Editors: (J. Pilař, J. Pospíšil, Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic)

Chapter 37 – Material design of high performance polypropylene containing nucleating agent pp.1043-1058
Authors / Editors: (Masayuki Yamaguchi, School of Materials Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Japan)

Chapter 38 – Effects of filler concentration and geometry on performance of cylindrical injection molded composites pp.1059-1076
Authors / Editors: (Kurt A. Rosentrater, Agricultural and Bioprocess Engineer, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, North Central Agricultural Research Laboratory, Brookings, SD)

Chapter 39 – Photoinduced polymerization of dental composite materials: Kinetics and optimization. pp.1077-1088
Authors / Editors: (Vitali T. Lipik, Vanda Yu. Voytekunas, Marc J. M. Abadie, University Montpelier 2, France, and others)

Chapter 40 – Solid state foaming of nanocomposites pp.1089-1102
Authors / Editors: (Guglielmotti A., Lucignano C., Quadrini F., University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Italy)

Chapter 41 – Densified wood as raw material for polymer composites pp.1103-1112
Authors / Editors: (Andreja Kutnar, Frederick A. Kamke, and Milan Sernek, University of Primorska, Primorska Institute for Natural Sciences and Technology, Slovenia, and others)

Chapter 42 – Manufacturing technique of composite material based on wood and polymer pp.1113-1126
Authors / Editors: (Vitali T. Lipik, Marc J. M. Abadie, University Montpelier 2, France, and others)

Chapter 43 – Instrumentation applications for load testing of flexural structural panel members pp.1126-1140
Authors / Editors: (Engin Murat Reis and Ufuk Dilek, Structural Engineer, MACTEC Engineering and Consulting, Inc., NC)

Chapter 44 – Polyimide composite laminates: Preparation, properties, and applications pp.1141-1154
Authors / Editors: (Mao-sheng Zhan, Yun-hua Lu, School of materials science and technology, Beihang university, Beijing, China)

Chapter 45 – Electrically conductive composites: Properties, performance and application pp.1155-1172
Authors / Editors: (Zunli-Mo Zhongli-Zhao Lijun-Qiao, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou, PR China)

Chapter 46 – Synthesis and characterization of melting copoly(lactic-glycolic acid) pp.1173-1180
Authors / Editors: (Cheng Yan-ling, Ma Liu-Qiang, Feng Shu-Hua, Li Ruo-Hui, Shaobo Deng, Biochemical Engineering College of Beijing Union University, China, and others)

Chapter 47 – Preparation and Characterization of Polyamides Composites with Poly(β-hydroxybutyrate) And Poly(vinyl alcohol) pp.1181-1206
Authors / Editors: (Aiman Eid Al-Rawajfeh, Hasan A. Al-Salah, Tafila Technical Univesity, Department of Chemical Engineering, Jordan)

Index pp.1207-1245

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