Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology (2 Volume Set)


Elwood D. Carlson (Editor)

Series: Nanotechnology Science and Technology
BISAC: TEC027000

Nanotechnology is a “catch-all” description of activities at the level of atoms and molecules that have applications in the real world. A nanometer is a billionth of a meter, about 1/80,000 of the diameter of a human hair, or 10 times the diameter of a hydrogen atom. Nanotechnology is now used in precision engineering, new materials development as well as in electronics; electromechanical systems as well as mainstream biomedical applications in areas such as gene therapy, drug delivery and novel drug discovery techniques. This book presents new and important research advances from around the globe.


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Expert Commentaries

Nanostructured Polymers: Developments and Trends, Highlights and Shadows pp 1-5
(Maria Vittoria Russo, Ilaria Fratoddi, Dept. of Chemistry, Univ. of Rome “Sapienza”, Rome, Italy)

Research and Review Studies

TiO2 Nanostructured Materials: Design, Characterization and Green Chemistry Applications pp 7-36
(Aicheng Chen et al., Lakehead Univ., Canada)

Molecular Foundations for Onset Wear. A Review pp 37-63
(Mario D’Acunto, Univ. of Pisa, Italy)

Application of Coordination Chemistry in the Fabrication of Inorganic Nanostructures pp 65-83
(Yi Xie et al., Southern Yangtze Univ., P.R. China)

1-D Zinc Sulfide Nanostructures: Synthesis and Characterization pp 85-112
(Soumitra Kar and Subhadra Chaudhuri, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, India)

Advance and Application Prospect of Dendrimers pp 113-199
(Bifeng Pan, Daxiang Cui, Dept. of Bio-Nano Science and Technology, National Dey Laboratory of Nano/Micro Fabrication Technology, Key Laboratory for Thin Film and Microfabrication of Ministry of Education, Institute of Micro and Nano Science and Technology, Shanghai, Jiao Tong Univ., Shanghai, China)

Thermodynamic and Kinetic Theories of Nanowire Growth pp 201-235
(G.W. Yang, State Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic and Functional Composite Materials, School of Physics Science and Engineering, Zhongshan Univ., Guangzhou, China)

Novel Manufacturing and Processing Technologies of Nanoporous Silicon pp 237-276
(Jia-Chuan Lin, Dept. of Electronics Engineering, Univ., Taipei, Taiwan, R.O.C., Wei-Chih Tsai, Institute of Microelectronics, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, National Cheng Kung Univ., Tainan, Taiwan, R.O.C.)

MOVPE Growth of High Density InAs/InGaAs/InP Quantum Dots for Mid-Infrared Emission pp 277-305
(Tang Xiaohong, Yin Zongyou, Photonics Research Center, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological Univ., Singapore)

Self-Assembled Hierarchical Architectures by Liquid-Phase Pulsed Laser Ablation pp 307-328
(Li Yang, Paul W. May, School of Chemistry, Univ. of Bristol, Bristol, UK, Lei Yin, Dept. of Aerospace Engineering, Univ. of Bristol, Bristol, UK)

Nanoarchitectures by Bioinspired Techniques pp 329-392
(Huilan Su, Di Zhang, Qun Dong, State Key Lab of Metal Matrix Composites, Shanghai Jiaotong Univ., Shanghai, China)

Preparation, Characterization and Thermal Properties of Nanofluids pp 393-426
(Hai-tao Zhu, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Qingdao Univ. of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China, Shi-Quan Liu, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Jinan Univ., Jinan, China, Can-ying Zhang, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Qingdao Univ. of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China)

III-Nitride Nanowires Research pp 427-458
(Ho-Young Cha, Semiconductor Technology Lab, Micro & Nano Structures Technologies, GE Global Research, Niskayuna, NY, Huaqiang Wu, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Cornell Univ., NY)

Nanostructures Grown Via Electrochemical Template Methods: Synthesis, Measurements and Applications pp 459-481
(Stefan Matefi-Tempfli, Univ. Catholique de Louvain, Physical-Chemistry and Physics of Materials, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium)

Synthesis of Embedded Gold and AgAu & CuAu Alloy Nanoclusters in Soda-Lime Glass by Ion-Exchange: A Novel Route pp 483-490
(S. Mohan, Raman School of Physics, Pondicherry Univ., Pondicherry Univ., Pondicherry, India, Materials Science Division, Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India, K.G.M. Nair, Materials Science Division, Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India)

Investigation of P-type ZnO Obtained by RBQE Method pp 491-499
(T.V. Butkhuzi, Khlurdava T.G., Sharvashidze M.M., Dept. of Physics, Tbilisi State Univ., Georgia)

Low-Dimensional ZnO Nanostructures: Design, Structures and Properties pp 501-526
(Guozhen Shen, Nanoscale Materials Center, National Institute for Materials Science, Ibaraki, Japan, Di Chen, Photocatalytic Materials Center, National Institute for Materials Science, Ibaraki, Japan, Cheol Jin Lee, School of Electrical Engineering, Korea Univ., Seoul, Korea)

Structure and Opto-Electronic Behavior of Diamondoids, with Applications as MEMs and at the Nanoscale Level pp 527-545
(G. Ali Mansoori, Dept. of Bio & Chemical Engineering, Univ. of Illinois at Chicago, IL, Thomas F. George, Dept. of Chemistry & Biochemistry and Physics & Astronomy, Univ. of Missouri, St. Louis, MO, Guoping Zhang, Dept. of Physics, Indiana State Univ., Terre Haute, IN and Lahsen Assoufid, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL)

Three-Dimensional Controllable Submicron Gold Films: Sulfhydryl-Containing Molecular Assembly and Controllable Surface Plasmon Resonance and Electrocatalysis Properties pp 547-560
(Jianqiang Hu, Jian Liu, Xianbo Lu, Dept. of Chemistry, Key Laboratory of Bioorganic Phosphorus Chemistry & Chemical Biology, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, P.R. China)

Nanocrystalline Zinc Oxide Thin Films Prepared by Chemical Solution Deposition from a Zinc Naphthenate Precursor pp 561-580
(Kyu-Seog Hwang Nambu Univ., South Korea)

Fabrication of Core-Shell Structured Perovskite Nanoparticles with Heterogeneous Oxide Shells and their Ceramics pp 581-622
(Jian Quan Qi, Dept. of Materials Sciences & Engineering and State Key Laboratory of Fine Ceramics and New Processing, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China, Helen Lai Wah Chan, Hu Yong Tian, Dept. of Applied Physics and Materials Research Center, The Hong Kong Polytechnic Univ., Hong Kong, China)

Wear Dependent Frictional Properties of Alkanethiols Self-Assembled Films pp 623-631
(Mario D’Acunto, Dept. of Physics, Univ. of Pisa, Pisa, Italy, Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Univ. of Pisa, Italy)

Preparation and Characterization of Nanoparticles and Nanocrystalline Bulks of Pure Rare-Earth Metals pp 633-663
(Xiaoyan Song, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Key Laboratory of Advanced Functional Materials, Ministry of Education, Beijing Univ. of Technology, Beijing, China)

Refluxing Polyol Synthesis of Transition Metal Chalcogenides Nanocrystallites: A General Process pp 665-685
(Guozhen Shen, National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan and Di Chen, Univ. of Science and Technology of China, P.R. China)

Molecular Dynamics Simulation for Mechanical Behavior of Nanocrystals pp 687-748
(Wei Yang, Xiaoyan Li, Xinling Ma, Dept. of Engineering Mechanics, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China)

Carbon Nanotubes Based Electrochemical Sensors pp 749-808
(Chengguo Hu, Shengshui Hu, Dept. of Chemistry, Wuhan Univ., Wuhan, China)

Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes using Novel Alloy Hydride Catalysts by Thermal CVD and their Energy-Related Applications pp 809-843
(Sundara Ramaprabhu, Mancheri Manikoth Shaijumon, Alternative Energy Technology Laboratory, Dept. of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India)

Properties, Synthesis, Purification, and Integration of Carbon Nanotubes for the Electronic Device Applications pp 845-883
(Wanjun Park and Yo-Sep Min, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology, Korea)

Magnetic Field Enhanced Thermal Conductivity in Heat Transfer Nanofluids Containing Ni-Coated Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes pp 885-893
(Brian Wright, Dustin Thomas, Haiping Hong, Dept. of Material and Metallurgical Engineering, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology, Rapid City, et al.)

Synthesis and Investigation of Magnetic Properties of GD-Substituted Mn-Zn Ferrite Nanoparticles as a Potential Low Curie Temperature Agent for Magnetic Fluid Hyperthermia pp 895-903
(F.S. Bayburtskiy, Yu. V. Baldokhin, N.M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, RAS, Moscow)

Lipid Nanotubes as Scaffolds to Create Structured Inorganic Nanomaterials pp 905-920
(Yong Zhou, SORST, Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan, Nanoarchitectures Research Center (NARC), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan, Xiaqin Wang, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Donghua Univ., Shanghai, P.R. China)

Multifunctional Reaction Platform Based on Carbon Nanotubes pp 921-940
(Wenwen Li, Yu Zhang, Chao Gao, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ., Shanghai, P.R. China)

Super Carbon Nanotube: Its Concept, Geometric Conservation Laws and Mechanical Properties pp 941-958
(Yuli Chen, Yajun Yin, Bin Liu, Dept. of Engineering Mechanics, School of Aerospace, Tsinghua Univ. Beijing, China)

Improving Dielectric Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites through Nanoparticle Surface Modification pp 959-989
(Dongling Ma, Linda S. Schadler and Richard W. Siegel, et al., Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA)

Formation of Nanoparticles Under Laser Ablation of Solids in Liquids pp 991-1026
(G.A. Shafeev, Wave Research Center, Prokhorov General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia)

Carbon Nanoparticles as Substrates for Cell Adhesion and Growth pp 1027-1094
(Lucie Bacakova, Lubica Grausova, Marta Vandrovcova, Institute of Physiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Jiri Vacik, Nuclear Physics Institute, Academy of Sciences at The Czech Republic, Aneta Frazcek, AGH Univ. of Science and Technology, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, Dept. of Biomaterials, Poland, et al.)

Organic Shell-Inorganic Core Hybrid Nanoparticles with Advanced Functions Designed by Wet Process pp 1095-1128
(Mami Yamada, Dept. of Applied Chemistry, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology, Saitama, Japan)

Highly Stabilized Gold Nanoparticles Synthesized and Modified by PEG-b-Polyamine pp 1129-1150
(Daisuke Miyamoto, Graduate School of Pure and Applied Science, Tsukuba Research Center for Interdisciplinary Materials Science (TIMS), Center for The Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance (TARA), Yukio Nagasaki, Graduate School of Pure and Applied Science, Tsukuba Research Center for Interdisciplinary Materials Science (TIMS), Center for the Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance (TARA), College of Engineering Sciences, Master’s School of Medical Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, Univ. of Tsukuba, Satellite Laboratory, International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA), National Institute of Materials Science (NIMS)

Nanoparticles and Quantum Dots as Biomolecule Labels for Electrochemical Biosensing pp 1151-1155
(Martin Pumera, National Institute for Materials Science, Ibaraki, Japan)

Photoluminescence Behavior of Water-Soluble Thiol-Capped CdTe Quantum Dots in Living Cells pp 1157-1183
(Pei-Nan Wang, State Key Lab for Advanced Photonic Materials and Devices, Dept. of Optical Science and Engineering, Ji-Yao Chen, Dept. of Physics, Fudan Univ., Shanghai, China)

Hybrid Nanoparticle Based on Silica pp 1185-1213
(Shaojun Guo, Erkang Wang, State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.R. China)

Heat Transfer of Nanoparticle Suspensions (Nanofluids) pp 1215-1256
(S.M. Sohel Murshed, Kai Choong Leong and Chun Yang, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological Univ., Republic of Singapore)

Recent Developments in the Effective Thermal Conductivity of Nanoparticle Suspensions (Nanofluids) Research pp 1257-1290
(Calvin H. Li, Dept. of Mechanical, Industrial, and Manufacturing Engineering, Univ. of Toledo, Ohio, G.P. Peterson, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Univ. of Colorado)

Enhancement and Temperature Variation in the Thermal Conductivity of Nanofluids pp 1291-1320
(Pie Tillman, Miccal T. Matthews, James M. Hill, School of Mathematics and Applied Statistics, Univ. of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia)

Nanotechnology: Obtaining of Nanoparticles and Nanocomposites and Their Use in Food and Drug Packaging pp 1321-1347
(Edwin Moncada A. Braskem S.A. III Polo Petroquimico, Brasil)

The Applications of Nanoparticles in Electrochemistry pp 1349-1376
(Ruhai Tian, Jinfang Zhi, Technical Institute of Physics and Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, P.R. China)

Polymeric Nanoparticles for Oral Delivery of Protein Drugs pp 1377-1390
(Ji-Shan Quan, Hu-Lin Jiang, Jia-Hui Yu, Dept. of Agricultural Biotechnnology, Seoul National Univ., South Korea, et al.)

Fabrication of Micro/Nano-Composite Structures and Their Photovoltaic Behaviors pp 1391-1400
(Jin Zhai, Xiangliang Sheng, Yong Zhao, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing)

Charge Separation and Transport in Organic/Inorganic Nanocomposites and its Applications in Photovoltaic Devices pp 1401-1425
(Chun-Wei Chen, Yun-Yue Lin, Yu-Ting Lin, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, National Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan)

Polymeric Nanocomposites, Stabilized Organic Derivatives of Five-Valent Phosphorus pp 1427-1440
(A. Kh. Shaov, Kh. Kh. Gurdaliev, A.M. Kharaev, Kabardino-Balkarian State Univ., Nalchik, Russia)

Polymeric Silicate Nanocomposites Based on Organomodified Clays pp 1441-1455
(A.K. Mikitaev, A.N. Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds of RAS, Moscow, Russia, O.B. Lednev, D.I. Mendeleev Univ. of Chemical Technology of Russia, Moscow, Russia, A. Yu. Bedanokov, A.N. Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds of RAS, Moscow, Russia)

Fundamental Aspects of Filling of Nanocomposites with High-Elasticity Matrix: Fractal Models pp 1457-1465
(Georgi V. Kozlov, Yurii G. Yanovskii, Institute of Applied Mechanics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation, Gennadi E. Zaikov, N.M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation)

Structure Formation of Polymer Nanocomposites Based on Polypropylene pp 1467-1472
(Ahmed Kh. Malamatov, Georgi V. Kozlov, Kabardino-Balkarian State Univ., Nal’chik, Russia, Eugeni M. Antipov, Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia)

The Interrelation of Elasticity Modulus and Amorphous Chain’s Tightness for Nanocomposites Based on the Polypropylene pp 1473-1477
(Georgi V. Kozlov, Ahmed Kh. Malamatov, Kabardino-Balkarian State Univ., Nal’chik, Russia, Eugeni M. Antipov, Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia)

Thermal Degradation and Combustion of Polypropylene Nanocomposite pp 1479-1498
(S.M. Lomakin, N.M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, I.L. Dubnikova, S.M. Berezina, N.N. Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics of Russian Kosygin, Moscow, Russia)

Biomedical Application of Nanotechnology in Cancer Early Diagnosis pp 1499-1520
(Min Song, Xuemei Wang, State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, Dept. of Bioscience and Medical Engineering, Southeast Univ., People’s Republic of China)

Gold Nanorods: Synthesis, Optical Properties, Asembly and Bioapplications pp 1521-1544
(Zhanfang Ma, Dept. of Chemistry, Capital Normal Univ., Beijing, P. R. China, Chungang Wang, Dept. of Chemistry, Northeast Normal Univ., Changchun, P.R. China)

Nanotechnology Based Gas Sensors pp 1545-1562
(Yun Wang, John T. W. Yeow, Systems Design Engineering, Univ. of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada)

Index pp.1563-1597

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