Encyclopedia of Latin America (12 Volume Set)


Anders N. Toft (Editor)
Jacob M. Andreasen (Editor)

Series: Central America and the Caribbean
BISAC: HIS038000

Encyclopedia of Latin America organizes researchers from around the world in Latin American studies and related disciplines and maintains an up-to-date reference work for readers worldwide. Please review the Table of Contents for more in-depth information.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Volume 1
Chapter 1. Cuba: U.S. Policy and Issues for the 113th Congress
Chapter 2. Cuba’s Offshore Oil Development: Background and U.S. Policy Considerations
Chapter 3. Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances
Chapter 4. Cuba Democracy Assistance: USAID’s Program Is Improved, but State Could Better Monitor Its Implementing Partners
Chapter 5. Cuba 2012 Human Rights Report
Chapter 6. Cuba 2012 International Religious Freedom Report
Chapter 7. Summary of the Reengagement of Detainees Formerly Held at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba
Chapter 8. Legacy of Ashes, Trial by Fire: The Origins of the Defense Intelligence Agency and the Cuban Missile Crisis Crucible
Chapter 9. Inspection of the Office of Cuba Broadcasting
Chapter 10. Cuba Sanctions: Legislative Restrictions Limiting the Normalization of Relations
Chapter 11. Testimony of Tom P. Malinowski, Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, U.S. Department of State. Hearing on “Understanding the Impact of U.S. Policy Changes on Human Rights and Democracy In Cuba”
Chapter 12. The New Russian Engagement with Latin America: Strategic Position, Commerce, and Dreams of the Past
Chapter 13. Strategic Insights: From Ideology to Geopolitics: Russian Interests in Latin America

Volume 2
Chapter 14. Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress
Chapter 15. Testimony of Roberta S. Jacobson, Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Hearing on “Understanding the Impact of U.S. Policy Changes on Human Rights and Democracy in Cuba”
Chapter 16. The Incorporation of Clinical Guidelines of Pharmacogenomics in Latin America
Chapter 17. Genetic Variability and Response to Drugs in Latin American Populations: Ethnicity and Ancestry
Chapter 18. Pharmacogenomic Studies in Mexico, Central America and Cuba in Amerindians Groups: Clinical Applications and Toxicology
Chapter 19. Clinical Pharmacogenomics in South America
Chapter 20. Cost-Benefit Analysis in Pharmacogenomics: A Decompensated Ratio
Chapter 21. Pharmacogenomics, Regulatory Affairs and Public Health
Chapter 22. Pharmacogenomics in Psychiatric Practice: Latin America Initiatives
Chapter 23. Cardiovascular Pharmacogenomics: Clinical Applications in Latin America
Chapter 24. Cancer Pharmacogenomic Studies in Latin America
Chapter 25. Pharmacogenomics of Antiretroviral Therapy in Latin America
Chapter 26. Molecular Bases of Epileptogenesis and Multidrug Resistance in Refractory Epilepsy: Latin American Approaches
Chapter 27. Pharmacoepigenomics of Cancer: Opportunities in Latin America
Chapter 28. Future Directions: Challenges, Opportunities and Limitations

Volume 3
Chapter 29. Use and Potential of Plant Species Biodiversity in Venezuela Agroforestry Systems: Cultural, Environmental, Social and Economic Implications
Chapter 30. Legal and Social Concerns for the Conservation of Ecosystems in Venezuela
Chapter 31. The Patrimonial State under Venezuela’s Twenty-first Century Socialism
Chapter 32. Bibliography
Chapter 33. Related Nova Publications
Chapter 34. Mexico: Background and U.S. Relations
Chapter 35. U.S.-Mexican Water Sharing: Background and Recent Developments
Chapter 36. Efforts to Address Seasonal Agricultural Import Competition in the NAFTA Renegotiation
Chapter 37. Cross-Border Energy Trade in North America: Present and Potential
Chapter 38. Why is Violence Rebounding in Mexico?

Volume 4
Chapter 39. Latin America and the Caribbean: Key Issues for the 114th Congress
Chapter 40. U.S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean: Recent Trends and FY2016 Appropriations
Chapter 41. Latin America: Terrorism Issues
Chapter 42. Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean
Chapter 43. The Use of Alternative Medicines in Intercultural Contexts of Argentina
Chapter 44. Healing in a Temazcal (Indigenous Sweat Lodge): Experiences from Rural Mexico to Holistic Spirituality Circles
Chapter 45. The Offer of Alternative/Complementary Therapies in the Brazilian Public Health System and Considerations about the Limits of the New Age
Chapter 46. Therapeutic Diversity and Public Health Policies among Vulnerable Populations: A Study in Bahia, Brazil
Chapter 47. A Qualitative Study on Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: The Appropriation of Eastern Practices or the Practice of Mindfulness?
Chapter 48. Therapeutic Cultures and Self-Help Books: Constructing Different Models of Social Bonds Based on Healing the Body and Spirit
Chapter 49. Healing in Christ: Approaches to the Study of Evangelical Therapy to Treat Drug Addiction
Chapter 50. Alternative Therapies and Chronic Illness: Foundations on Selection and Use by Patients in Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Chapter 51. Non-Conventional Practitioners in Buenos Aires City Hospitals: Entry and Permanence Strategies in Informal Laboral Settings Based on the Construction of Social Bonds
Chapter 52. Care and Treatment of Psychic Suffering as a Palimpsest: An Analyisis of the Establishment of the Lomas Asylum Therapeutic Community between 1968 and 1971 (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
Chapter 53. Bodily Representations and Health Care in the Sai Baba Movement in Argentina
Chapter 54. What the Body Knows and Physicians Don’t: Body and Experience from the Viewpoint of Alternative Therapies Practitioners

Volume 5
Chapter 55. Peru: Politics, Economy, and Elections in Brief
Chapter 56. Peru 2015 Human Rights Report
Chapter 57. Peru 2015 International Religious Freedom Report
Chapter 58. Peru Investment Climate Statement 2016
Chapter 59. Building the City of Kings: Environmental Consciousness and the Construction of Colonial Lima, Peru, 1535-1625
Chapter 60. The Environmental Aspects of Bioenergy Production in Peru
Chapter 61. Makers of Waterscapes: Water Abundance, Discourses and the Market in the Ica and Pampas Basins, Peru
Chapter 62. Paraguay: Where Corruption and Poverty Hamper Development
Chapter 63. Citizen Participation in the Local Governments of Paraguay through Social Networking Sites
Chapter 64. Paraguay’s Dramatic Land-Use Change in the 20th Century: Concerning Massive Deforestation and Crawling Reforestation
Chapter 65. Assessing Paraguay’s Possible Futures
Chapter 66. The Status of Latino Migrant Workers in the United States
Chapter 67. Pathways to Cuban-American Homeownership: A Case Study of Race, Assimilation, and Ownership Dynamics
Chapter 68. Angelina’s Journey: Immigration Dreams and Disappointments
Chapter 69. Precarious Paradise: The Financial Well-Being of Hispanic Immigrant Day Laborers in Malibu
Chapter 70. Latinos’ Intergroup Contact and Prejudice in the United States

Volume 6
Chapter 71. Argentina: Background and U.S. Relations
Chapter 72. Argentina’s Post-Crisis Economic Reform: Challenges for U.S. Policy
Chapter 73. Argentina 2013 Human Rights Report
Chapter 74. Argentina 2013 International Religious Freedom Report
Chapter 75. 2014 Investment Climate Statement: Argentina
Chapter 76. Talent Loss in Venezuela: Emigration of Its Researchers
Chapter 77. Relationship of Biochemical Markers and Some Lipid Fractions with the Frequency of Consumption in Adults of Venezuela University Community
Chapter 78. Circumventing Sanctions: Venezuela’s Turn to Cryptocurrencies
Chapter 79. Evaluation of the Apolipoproteins (A-I and B-100) and Their Relationship with Some Lipidic Fractions and Biochemical Markers in Adults Belonging to a University Community of Venezuela

Volume 7
Chapter 80. What Do Cubans Think About Happiness?
Chapter 81. How Strong are South American Parliaments?
Chapter 82. On the Roots of Political Parties in Latin America
Chapter 83. Regional Migration in Latin America: A Review
Chapter 84. Recent Cholera Epidemics Originating in Latin America: Contrasts and Comparisons with Social and Public Health Implications
Chapter 85. Factors Influencing the Diagnosis, Treatment, and Care of Persons Living with HIV Infection in Mexico
Chapter 86. Mexico: Background and U.S. Relations (Updated)
Chapter 87. U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications (Updated)
Chapter 88. Mexico’s Free Trade Agreements
Chapter 89. Proposed U.S.-Mexico-Canada (USMCA) Trade Agreement
Chapter 90. Agricultural Provisions of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement
Chapter 91. NAFTA and the Preliminary U.S.-Mexico Agreement
Chapter 92. Mexico: Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking Organizations
Chapter 93. Violence Against Journalists in Mexico: In Brief
Chapter 94. U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond (Updated)
Chapter 95. Mexico: Evolution of the Mérida Initiative, 2007-2019
Chapter 96. Mexico’s 2018 Elections: Results and Potential Implications
Chapter 97. Mexico’s Immigration Control Efforts
Chapter 98. Sharing the Colorado River and the Rio Grande: Cooperation and Conflict with Mexico

Volume 8
Chapter 99. Resource Nationalism and Environmental Changes
Chapter 100. Independent Bolivia: History, Culture, Politics, Economics and Indigenous Territories in Chiquitania in the 19th and 20th Centuries
Chapter 101. Effect of Artesanal Gold Mine Activities on Metals and Metalloids Contents in Soils and Sediments from Apolobamba, Bolivia
Chapter 102. Camelid Populations and Soil Classification and Fertility in the Northwest of La Paz (Bolivia)
Chapter 103. Eastern Borders of Bolivia: Early Decades of the 19th Century
Chapter 104. U.S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean: FY2018 Appropriations
Chapter 105. Latin America and the Caribbean: Issues in the 115th Congress
Chapter 106. Latin America and the Caribbean: Fact Sheet on Leaders and Elections
Chapter 107. Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Updated)
Chapter 108. El Salvador: Background and U.S. Relations (Updated)
Chapter 109. Guatemala: Political and Socioeconomic Conditions and U.S. Relations
Chapter 110. Haiti’s Political and Economic Conditions: In Brief
Chapter 111. Honduras: Background and U.S. Relations
Chapter 112. Nicaragua: In Brief

Volume 9
Chapter 113. Colombia: Background and U.S. Relations
Chapter 114. Colombia’s Changing Approach to Drug Policy
Chapter 115. Colombia Adopts Revised Peace Accord: What Next?
Chapter 116. U.S. Foreign Assistance as Colombia’s Peace Talks on Cusp of Completion
Chapter 117. The Pacific Alliance: A Trade Integration Initiative in Latin America
Chapter 118. U.S. Response to Injuries of U.S. Embassy Personnel in Havana, Cuba
Chapter 119. Aviation Security: Actions Needed to Better Identify and Track U.S.-Bound Public Charter Operations from Cuba
Chapter 120. Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances (Updated)
Chapter 121. Cuba Sanctions: Legislative Restrictions Limiting the Normalization of Relations (Updated)
Chapter 122. Cuba: U.S. Policy in the 116th Congress
Chapter 123. Cuba: U.S. Policy Overview
Chapter 124. Reported Injuries to U.S. Personnel in Cuba: State Should Revise Policies to Ensure Appropriate Internal Communication of Relevant Incidents
Chapter 125. Reported Injuries to U.S. Personnel in Cuba: Preliminary Observations on State’s Response and Management Challenges

Volume 10
Chapter 126. Cancer Management in Latin America: Nasopharyngeal to Renal Cancer
Chapter 127. Management of Nasopharyngeal Cancer
Chapter 128. Management of Oropharyngeal Cancer
Chapter 129. Management of Oral Cancer
Chapter 130. A Review of Laryngeal Cancer Management
Chapter 131. Management of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer in Latin America
Chapter 132. Management of Esophageal Cancer
Chapter 133. Management of Gastric Cancer
Chapter 134. Management of Pancreatic Cancer
Chapter 135. Management of Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma
Chapter 136. Management of Gallbladder Cancer
Chapter 137. Management of Liver Metastases
Chapter 138. Management of Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Chapter 139. Management of Colon Cancer
Chapter 140. Surgical Treatment of Locally Advanced Rectal Adenocarcinoma
Chapter 141. Management of Anal Cancer
Chapter 142. Management of Early Breast Cancer
Chapter 143. Management of Locally Advanced Breast Cancer
Chapter 144. Management of Uterine Cancer
Chapter 145. Management of Cervical Cancer
Chapter 146. Management of Prostate Cancer
Chapter 147. Management of Prostate Cancer in the Postoperative Context and in Metastatic Disease
Chapter 148. Bladder Cancer: Epidemiological Study in Latin America, Trends and Review of Surgical Aspects for the Treatment of the Disease
Chapter 149. Management of Renal Cancer in Latin America

Volume 11
Chapter 150. Central America: Information on Migration of Unaccompanied Children from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras
Chapter 151. Unaccompanied Alien Children: Demographics in Brief
Chapter 152. Testimony of Elizabeth Hogan, Senior Deputy Assistant for Latin America and the Caribbean, USAID. Hearing on ”Unaccompanied Alien Children: Pressing the Administration for a Strategy”
Chapter 153. Testimony of Roberta S. Jacobson, Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs, U.S. Department of State. Hearing on ”Unaccompanied Alien Children: Pressing the Administration for a Strategy”
Chapter 154. Testimony of Robert N. Kaplan, President and CEO, Inter-American Foundation. Hearing on ”Unaccompanied Alien Children: Pressing the Administration for a Strategy”
Chapter 155. Unaccompanied Children from Central America: Foreign Policy Considerations
Chapter 156. Cancer Management in Latin America: Melanoma to Cost-Effectiveness
Chapter 157. Management of Melanoma
Chapter 158. Management of Soft Tissue Sarcoma of the Extremities in Adults
Chapter 159. Management of Pediatric Cancer
Chapter 160. Management of Low-Grade Glioma
Chapter 161. Management of Malignant Gliomas
Chapter 162. Management of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Chapter 163. Management of Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Chapter 164. Management of Bone Metastases
Chapter 165. Management of Brain Metastases
Chapter 166. Management of Cancer Emergencies
Chapter 167. Management of Cancer Pain
Chapter 168. Management of Palliative Care
Chapter 169. Cost-Effectiveness in Cancer Care

Volume 12
Chapter 170. Developing Telemedicine for Rural and Marginal Suburban Locations in Latin America
Chapter 171. Between Independence and Control: Recent Developments within the Judiciary in Latin America
Chapter 172. Fulfilling America’s Future: Latinas in the U.S., 2015
Chapter 173. Socially Equitable Schemes in Latin America and European Union: The Role of Geographical Indication Legislation
Chapter 174. Zika Virus in Latin America and the Caribbean: U.S. Policy Considerations
Chapter 175. Epidemiology of Q Fever in Human Population in Latin America
Chapter 176. Intercultural Communication and the Feminization of Migrations in Latin America: The Case of Chile
Chapter 177. Current Challenges in Palliative Care Practice in Latin America and Prospects for the Future: Our Experience in Southern Brazil
Chapter 178. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): Environmental and Social Practices in the Hospitality Industry, in Brazil and Cape Verde, Latin America
Chapter 179. Bicycle-Related Injuries: Prevention and Challenges in Latin America
Chapter 180. In Pursuit of Quality and Equity on Early Childhood Education in Latin America
Chapter 181. Collaborative Autoethnography as a Pedagogical Method: Women Family Therapists Storying Their Latin American Heritages
Chapter 182. Entrepreneurial Intent in Latin America: The Case of Mexico, Brazil and Colombia
Chapter 183. U.S. Foreign Assistance to Latin America and the Caribbean: FY2019 Appropriations
Chapter 184. Combating Corruption in Latin America: Congressional Considerations
Chapter 185. Managing Stereotype Threat in Latinx and African American College Students

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