Enabling, disabling and need factors for cervical cancer screening among women in Bhutan in 2019


Authors: Chao Zhang and Karl Peltzer
Page Range: 131-137
Published in: International Journal on Disability and Human Development, Volume 22 Issue 2
ISSN: 2191-1231

Table of Contents


The purpose of the study was to assess the enabling, enabling and need factors for cervical cancer screening (CCS) among women in Bhutan. National cross-sectional data were analysed from 2,833 women (30-65 years) who took part in the “2019 Bhutan STEPS survey.” The results show that 72.7% of the women reported that they had ever undergone CCS. In adjusted logistic regression analysis, health care provider visit in the past 12 months (adjusted Odds Ratio-aOR: 1.77, 95% Confidence Interval-CI: 1.34-2.34) was positively associated, and having 11 or more years of education (aOR: 0.51, 95% CI: 0.37-0.69), current tobacco use (aOR: 0.75, 95% CI: 0.57-0.99), alcohol dependence (aOR: 0.53, 95% CI: 0.29-0.94), inadequate fruit and vegetable intake (aOR: 0.70, 95% CI: 0.50-0.98), and anxiety symptoms (aOR: 0.41, 95% CI: 0.18-0.94) were negatively associated with ever having had CCS. The study showed that almost three in four women ever had CCS, and several associated factors were found that can targeted to promote CCS in Bhutan.

Keywords: Screening, cervical cancer, mental health, Bhutan

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