Electrodynamic Coupling of Lithosphere – Atmosphere – Ionosphere of the Earth

Valery Sorokin
Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation (IZMIRAN), Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Troitsk, Russia

Vitaly Chmyrev
Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, the GEOSCAN Technologies, Moscow, Russia

Masashi Hayakawa
Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation (IZMIRAN), Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Troitsk, Russia

Series: Earth Sciences in the 21st Century
BISAC: SCI019000



Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick


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This monograph reviews the updated models of the influence of earthquake (EQ) preparation processes on the state of near-ground atmosphere and the ionosphere through the electric field and currents occurring in the global atmosphere–ionosphere electric circuit. An extensive comparison of results of satellite- and ground-based observations of DC electric fields, plasma parameters and electromagnetic wave perturbations prior to an EQ is made as a validation criterion of the models. It is shown that the most complete explanation of pre-EQ phenomena excited in the ionosphere and atmosphere and their interconnection can be provided by our electrodynamic model based on DC electric field generation due to the injection of charged aerosols into the atmosphere.

An important feature of this model is that various EQ precursors are shown to be attributed just to a single cause, namely a perturbation of the conductivity electric current in the global circuit by the injection of charged aerosols into the atmosphere during seismic activity enhancement. This book is dedicated to scientists and researchers working in the field of atmospheric and ionospheric effects of large-scale natural and technological disasters. It also analyzes the development of methods for their forecasting with the use of space, aerial and ground-based observations. It will also be of potential interest to students specializing in space science and physics of the atmosphere as well as the lithosphere-atmosphere-ionosphere coupling.
(Imprint: Nova)



Chapter 1
DC Electric Field of Seismic Origin in the Ionosphere and Near Ground Atmosphere

Chapter 2
The Source of Electric Current Perturbation in the Global Atmosphere – Ionosphere Circuit

Chapter 3
DC Electric Field of Disturbed Current in the Global Circuit

Chapter 4
Small-scale Ionospheric Irregularities

Chapter 5
Large–scale Ionospheric Disturbances

Chapter 6
Electric Discharges in the Lower Troposphere

Chapter 7
Review of Lithosphere-Atmosphere-Ionosphere (LAI) Coupling Models


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