Elderly Care: Options, Challenges and Trends

Dennis L. Nielsen (Editor)

Series: Geriatrics, Gerontology and Elderly Issues
BISAC: MED032000

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Elderly Care: Options, Challenges and Trends examines the demographic shifts Lebanon has experienced over the last few decades, indicating that it is a rapidly aging country. Such an aging population may need various levels of support including access to nursing care in nursing homes, either for short-term rehabilitation or for extended periods of time, when individual dependency outstrips family-based resources. Next, a review is provided on the latest studies and evidences regarding the influence of indoor environment on elderly health. A set of recommendations to improve elderly environmental health are presented, considering the most recent state-of-the-art on this field. Following this, the authors share their real-world experiences from an ongoing large-scale project on IoT-enabled community eldercare. Technology-centric challenges that need to be addressed are identified so that such systems can be sustainably implemented and adopted by key stakeholders. In a separate chapter, the book analyzes hospice care in China, which is still far from meeting its needs caused by the profound aging of China’s population. The analysis indicates that the Chinese Government should formulate a development plan for hospice care and include hospice care services in the National Healthcare Insurance System. Additionally, NGOs should continue to play their part in hospice care development. The perspectives of aging and frailty syndrome are explored later, focusing on the role of biomarkers and environmental exposure in its development. Currently, there are several gaps in the scientific literature regarding frailty syndrome, namely in their definition, models, causal-effects and prevention or treatments. Afterwards, rib fractures in the elderly are addressed. Although plain radiographic films are diagnostic, a large number of patients will need CAT scans for more precise locations of rib fractures. The management of complications as a direct result of rib fractures; mostly hemopneumothorax or visceral injury, will be dealt with accordingly. In an additional study, the factors for hospital admissions associated with adverse drug events are studied. Drug related hospital admissions in the elderly are commonly influenced by polypharmacy and inappropriate prescribing.

Preface

Chapter 1. Generating a Model of Quality of Life for Older Nursing Home Residents in Lebanon: A Grounded Theory Study
(Marina Gharibian Adra, John Hopton and John Keady, Clinical Assistant Professor, Rafic Hariri School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon, and others)

Chapter 2. Indoor Environments and Elderly Health
(Ana Mendes, Armanda Teixeira-Gomes, Solange Costa, Blanca Laffon, Joana Madureira, João Paulo Teixeira, EPIUnit - Instituto de Saúde Pública, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 3. Real World, Large Scale IoT Systems for Community Eldercare: Experiences and Lessons Learned
(Alvin Valera, PhD, Pius Lee, Hwee-Pink Tan, PhD, Hwee-Xian Tan, PhD, Huiguang Liang, PhD, School of Computer Science and Engineering, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, and others)

Chapter 4. The Developing Situation of China’s Hospice Care and New Attempts in Recent Years
(Qiu-Si Huang and Yi-Fang Wang, Institute of Medical Humanities, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing, China)

Chapter 5. Frailty Syndrome: An Emergent Concern of Unknown Causes
(Bruna Lage, Armanda Teixeira-Gomes, Ana Mendes, Vanessa Valdiglesias, João Paulo Teixeira, Solange Costa, Environmental Health Department, National Institute of Health, Rua Alexandre Herculano, Porto, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 6. Fractured Ribs in the Elderly
(Tarik Wasfie, MD, Avery Jackson, MD, and Brian Shapiro, MD, Department of Trauma Surgery-Genesys Regional Medical Center, Grand Blanc, MI, US)

Chapter 7. Factors Associated with Adverse Drug Events That Produce Hospital Admissions in the Elderly: A Case-Control Study
(Ana Fajreldines, Silvana Cesaroni, Jorge Insua, Eduardo Schnitzler, Marcelo Pellizzari, Hospital Universitario Austral, Buenos Aires, Argentina, and others)

Index

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