Effects of Long Covid on the Heart


Authors: Ghizal Fatima, Ram B. Singh, Mukesh Raizada, Jan Fedacko, Manal A. Manal, Jaipaul Singh, Sunil Rupee, Galal Elkilany, and Aminat Magomedova
Page Range: 5-11
Published in: World Heart Journal, 15#1 (2023)
ISSN: 1556-4002

Table of Contents


Chronic or long COVID-19 affects almost 10% of people after initial infection. The disease exerts substantial pathophysiological effects on certain organs and systems in the body, including the lungs, heart, the immune system, the pancreas, the gastrointestinal tract, the brain, the kidneys, the blood vessel and the reproductive system with a variety of pathologies, which may be overlapping and can exacerbate management. This editorial review describes the cardiovascular manifestations and outcomes in the setting of COVID-19, including systemic inflammation. There may be direct viral infection to the myocardium, cardiac injury, thromboembolism, stroke, arrhythmia, myocardial infarction (MI) and sudden cardiac death (SCD). The available data in the literature highlight not only the increased incidence in CVDs, but also its effect in inducing diabetes mellitus (DM), the emergence of cancer, bone and joint problems as well as brain dysfunction. It is concluded that large cohort studies are urgently required globally to investigate the effect.

Keywords: chronic COVID-19, heart, myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, chronic disease, patients

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