Effectiveness of preoperative respiratory rehabilitation on ICU stay and social pain in patients undergoing heart surgery


Authors: Sepideh Niazi, Bita Bagheri Gisour, Seyed Hossein Ahmadi Tafti, Rasoul Aliannejad, Amir Sobhrakhshan Khah, and Mohammad Hossein Pourgharib Shahi
Page Range: 207-214
Published in: Journal of Pain Management, 15#3 (2022)
ISSN: 1939-5914

Table of Contents


The purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of pre-heart surgery pulmonary rehabilitation, including inspiratory muscle training (IMT) and psychological intervention on ICU (Intensive Care Units) stay, respiratory muscle strength, and social pain in patients on the list for heart surgery. In this study, 60 patients on the list for heart surgery were randomly divided into two groups of experimental and control. The experimental group was undergoing pulmonary rehabilitation and psychological interventions from the moment of admission to the day of surgery. The strength of index of inspiration (Sindex), length of ICU stays, and questionnaires were assessed before and after training. A total of sixty patients with an age range of 52-68 years were included in the study. Sindex was significantly improved in the experiment group (p < 0.005). In addition, the results showed that there are significant reductions in the length of ICU stay, postoperative stress, depression, and social pain were also reduced. The current study showed that pulmonary rehabilitation and preoperative psychological interventions help wait for heart surgery patients. Keywords: Inspiratory muscle training, heart surgery, social pain, Iran

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