Ecuador Perspectives of the Past, Present and Future: A Multi-Criteria Approach to Social Evolution


Marco Benigno Avila Calle (Editor) – Professor / Coordinator Master in Constructions, Catholic University of Cuenca, Ecuador
Guillermo Casado López (Editor) – Professor, Catholic University of Cuenca, Ecuador

Series: Cultural Studies in the Third Millennium

BISAC: SOC002010

Ecuador is a diverse and multicultural country which has resisted the historical processes of homogenization and globalization. In it different peoples and ancestral nationalities coexist, as well as the heirs of the colonial process, appearing as strong contrasts in customs, languages and cultural expressions, arising syncretism, miscegenation and fusion. There is a fascinating natural diversity, which, despite being contained in a small fragment of world territory, gives an immeasurable environmental value to the country, America, and the world.

However, this cultural and environmental wealth is sometimes overshadowed by phenomena of exclusion, by social gaps, by gender inequality and by environmental degradation. These realities, which affect all of Latin America, have vernacular peculiarities, intrinsic to Ecuador as a country. Within this context, this publication aims to generate an investigative space from different perspectives and disciplines, contributing to the construction of a more inclusive and sustainable Ecuador. Therefore, the philosophy and motivation in which the editorial spirit is inscribed is focused through the concepts of identity, culture, humanism, the environment and interculturality.

This work also presents the main results of research carried out by various universities in Ecuador, highlighting the contribution of the research project promoted by the postgraduate program of the Catholic University of Cuenca called “Sustainable Architecture Through Adequate Recycling of Plastic,” which has allowed the correct articulation of the themes exposed in this work.

We hope that this book, beyond becoming a useful instrument in academia and within research, may have an expansive and positive effect on the inhabitants of Ecuador, especially those most disadvantaged.





Chapter 1. Interior Solutions in Minimal Low-Income Homes
(Jonnathan Zhindón-Duarte, Diana Mejía-Coronel – Professor of Interior Design Career, Faculty of Arts, University of Cuenca, et al.)

Chapter 2. Urban Planning for the Sustainable Development of Social Interest Housing
(Julio Pintado-Farfán, Pedro Angumba-Aguilar – Professor at the Catholic University of Cuenca, Cuenca, Ecuador, et al.)

Chapter 3. Environmental and Energy Aspects of Social Housing
(Manuel Alvarez-Vera, Juan-Carlos Cobos-Torres, Federico Córdova-Gonzalez, Darío Cobos-Torres – Catholic University of Cuenca, Cuenca, Ecuador, et al.)

Chapter 4. Prototype of Single-Family Sustainable Social Housing with Recyclable Materials
(Diego Morales-Jadán, Marcela Sánchez-Sarmiento, Joel Fuertes-Caguana – Postgraduate Headquarters Programs-Electrical Engineering Career, Cuenca-Ecuador, et al.)

Chapter 5. Analysis of the Electrical and Lighting System in “Social Interest” Housing
(Daniel Icaza, Carlos Flores Vazques, Santiago Pulla – Academic Unit of Engineering, Industry and Construction, Catholic University of Cuenca, et al.)

Chapter 6. An Assessment on Energy Policies and Challenges to Promote Solar PV in South America: The Ecuadorian Case
(Marcos Ponce-Jara, Manuel Pelaez-Samaniego, Milton Moreano-Alvarado, Carlos Velásquez-Figueroa, M.Castro – Faculty of Engineering, Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí (ULEAM), Manta, Ecuador, et al.)

Chapter 7. Protected Horticulture of Ecuador: Past, Present and Future Perspectives
(Celia Jiménez-Lao, Pedro García-Caparrós, María Teresa Lao, Alfonso Llanderal and John Franco-Rodríguez – Agronomy Department, University of Almeria, Almería, Spain, et al.)

Chapter 8. The Evolution of Gender Roles in Rural Ecuador: The Case of the Cacao Value Chain
(Pilar Useche, PhD and Trent Blare, PhD – Tropical Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Homestead, FL, US)


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