Drylands: Biodiversity, Management and Conservation


Series: Environmental Research Advances
BISAC: SCI020000

This book Drylands: Biodiversity, Conservation and Management, edited by Victor R. Squires, Mahesh K. Gaur and Salah Attia Ismail, fills a gap in the literature admirably. It gets away from ‘species lists’ and designation of species and habitats as ‘endangered’ or ‘at risk’. Instead, it opens up discussion on a range of issues relating to the important matters of biodiversity, land management and efforts at conservation (wise use) of natural resources that support an area’s biodiversity.

Dryland ecologists, land use change specialists, policy makers from UN agencies or from bilateral and multilateral donors and other natural resource management agencies will find the book very useful. It is also a valuable reference book for university students in ecology, geography, environmental studies and development studies in general.

Key points
▶Provides a synoptic overview of the current problems and prospects for biodiversity conservation in a changing world based on a focus on selected ecosystems across Africa, Asia and the Middle East
▶Discusses the path forward to maintain and improve dryland ecosystems, conserve biodiversity and achieve land protection

This edited volume is devoted to the examination of the implications of the inevitable changes wrought by global change on the welfare and livelihoods of tens of millions of people who live in dryland-dominated regions on all continents except Antarctica. Global change is more than just climate change. The shift to the market economy and demographic factors (population growth, urbanization and resettlement) receive attention here. The implications of change (including an analysis of the drivers of change) and the role of humans as agents of these changes are canvassed.

Chapters by leading experts who live and work in lands focus on examples that are drawn from a number of sources including previously unpublished studies. The key purpose is to provide an up to date and in-depth global overview of drylands and give readers insights into the status of these vulnerable biomes and to alert readers to the consequences of a loss of biodiversity to the tens of millions of people, their livestock and the myriad of plants and animals that make up dryland ecosystems across the globe. Maintenance of biodiversity ensures the continued flow of ecosystems’ goods and services on which most of us depend!
(Imprint: Nova)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Biodiversity in the Thar Desert of India: Conservation and Management
(Mahesh Kumar Gaur, ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur, India)

Chapter 2. Faunal Diversity of Thar Desert, India
(Vipin Chaudhary and R. S. Tripathi, All India Network Project on Vertebrate Pest Management, ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Rajasthan, India)

Chapter 3. Biodiversity as Life Supporting System in Fragile Ecosystem: Characterization and Tools for Sustainable Use and Resource Enrichment
(Richhpal Singh, Smita Shekhawat, Gurdeep Kaur Bains, Vinod Kataria and N. S. Shekhawat, Department of Botany, Government College, Jodhpur, India, Department of Botany, University of Delhi, Delhi, India, and others)

Chapter 4. Dry Forests of Ethiopia, Their Biodiversity and Threats for Conservation
(Wubalem Tadesse, Shiferaw Alem and Adefires Worku, Central Ethiopia Environment and Forest Research Center, Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and others)

Chapter 5. Agricultural Biodiversity in Middle East and North Africa: Outlook and Challenges
(Mohammad Hossein Emadi, Permanent Representative to the Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy)

Chapter 6. Land Degradation and Dryland Management in Turkey
(Orhan Doğan and Ahmet Şenyaz, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, General Directorate of Combating Desertification and Erosion, Ankara, Turkey)

Chapter 7. The Social and Economic Dimensions of Land Degradation and Its Impact on the Management of Natural Resources in Arid and Dry Areas in the Arab Republic of Egypt
(A. L. Mostafa and Ashoura H.M. Mortsy, Desert Research Center)

Chapter 8. The Phenomenon of Desertification/Land Degradation in Russian Drylands
(Olga Andreeva, German Kust, Igor Zonn, Soil Science Department, Moscow Lomonosov State University, Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 9. Proper Evaluation of Desert Ecosystem for Sustainable Development
(Adel A. Elwan, PhD, Department of Pedology, Water Resources and Desert Lands Division, Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt)

Chapter 10. Impacts of Climate Change on Forage Production, World Wide Efforts for Mitigation and Adaptation and the Concept of Smart-Climate Agriculture
(Salah A. Attia-Ismail, Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt)

Chapter 11. Groundwater Quality Management in Coastal Aquifer and Its Implications on Agricultural Development in Arid Regions
(Ehab Zaghlool and Mohamed E. A. Ali, Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt)

Chapter 12. Gender Mainstreaming in Water-Energy-Food Security Nexus in Arid Lands in Egypt
(Elham I. Abdelaal, Socioeconomic Studies Department, Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt)

Chapter 13. Soil Carbon Sequestration in Arid Land with Special Reference to Egypt
(Salah A. E. Elcossy, Soil Conservation Department, Desert Research Center, Cairo Egypt)

Chapter 14. The Future of Agriculture Sustainability and the Challenges in Egypt
(Omnia M. Wassif, PhD, Department of soil conservation, Desert Research Center, Mataria, Cairo, Egypt)

Chapter 15. Great Green Wall for the Sahara and Sahel Initiative: Building Resilient Communities in Africa’s Drylands
(Elvis Paul Tangem, African Union Commission, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia)

Chapter 16. Development of China’s Response to the Challenge of Meeting its Target for Land Degradation Neutrality
(Victor R. Squires, Guest Professor, Institute of Desertification Studies, Beijing)

Chapter 17. Land Degradation, Biodiversity and Productivity: Pressing Issues in Management of the World’s Drylands – A Synthesis
(John E. Leake, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia, and others)



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