Dry Forests: Ecology, Species Diversity and Sustainable Management

Francis Eliott Greer (Editor)

Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: SCI030000

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Fossil records indicate the Neotropical Dry Forests had a more continuous distribution in the recent geological past, especially in the late Pleistocene, more precisely at the end of the last glacial period. Seasonal Deciduous Forests are remnants of a broader continuous distribution that was present in the past, ranging from North-Eastern Brazil to Argentina in the Pleistocene dry period. This currently fragmented structure is the result of the dry, cold climate that caused the retraction of Wet Forests to riversides and the spread of seasonal forests. This book discusses the ecology, species diversity and sustainable management of dry forests.

The topics include a biogeographical overview of the “lianescent clade” of violaceae in the Neotropical region; diversity and distribution of hymenoptera aculeate in mid-western Brazilian dry forests; the Brazilian “caatinga”; changes in the labile and recalcitrant organic matter fractions due to transformation of semi-deciduous dry tropical forest to pasture in the western llanos, Venezuela; ecology and management of the dry forests and savannas of the western Chaco region, Argentina; predicting pasture security in rangeland districts of Kenya using 1 km resolution spot vegetation sensor ndvi data. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1 - A Biogeographical Overview of the “Lianescent Clade” of Violaceae in the Neotropical Region (pp. 1-28)
Juliana de Paula-Souza and José Rubens Pirani (Department of Environmental and Plant Biology, Ohio University, USA, and others)

Chapter 2 - Diversity and Distribution of Hymenoptera Aculeata in Midwestern Brazilian Dry Forests (pp. 29-80)
Rogerio Silvestre, Manoel Fernando Demétrio, Bhrenno Maykon Trad, Felipe Varussa de Oliveira Lima, Tiago Henrique Auko and Paulo Robson de Souza (Laboratório de Ecologia de Hymenoptera HECOLAB, Faculdade de Ciências Biológicas e Ambientais- FCBA, Universidade Federal da Grande Dourados- UFGD. Rodovia Dourados Itahum, Cidade Universitária, Dourados, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 3 - The Brazilian "Caatinga": Ecology and Vegetal Biodiversity of a Semiarid Region (pp. 81-104)
Heloisa Helena Gomes Coe and Leandro de Oliveira Furtado de Sousa (Departament of Geography – Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro – Brazil, and others)

Chapter 4 - Changes in the Labile and Recalcitrant Organic Matter Fractions due to Transformation of Semi-Deciduous Dry Tropical Forest to Pasture in the Western Llanos, Venezuela (pp. 105-132)
A. González-Pedraza and N. Dezzeo (Universidad Nacional Experimental Sur del Lago “Jesús María Semprum” (UNESUR). Programa Ingeniería de la Producción Agropecuaria. Laboratorio de Suelos. Santa Bárbara, Municipio Colón, Estado Zulia, Venezuela, and others)

Chapter 5 - Ecology and Management of the Dry Forests and Savannas of the Western Chaco Region, Argentina (pp. 133-164)
Carlos Kunst, Sandra Bravo, Roxana Ledesma, Marcelo Navall, Analía Anríquez, Darío Coria, Juan Silberman, Adriana Gómez and Ada Albanesi (Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), Santiago del Estero Experimental Station, Jujuy, Santiago del Estero, Argentina, and others)

Chapter 6 - Predicting Pasture Security in Rangeland Districts of Kenya Using 1 km Resolution Spot Vegetation Sensor NDVI Data (pp. 165-178)
Mwangi J. Kinyanjui (Department of Resource Surveys and Remote Sensing, Nairobi, Kenya)

Index

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