Diterpenoids: Types, Functions and Research

Brandon Jones (Editor)

Series: Chemistry Research and Applications
BISAC: SCI013000

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Diterpenoids are chemical compounds containing 20 carbon atoms and belong to the terpenoid class. They derive from geranylgeraniol, a C20 precursor, have a C20H32 basic structure, and are composed of four isoprene units. These features make diterpenoids different from simple terpenes, which possess only 10 carbon atoms. A diterpenoid molecule may also include alcohol, phenol, aldehyde, cheton, or acidic functional groups. These compounds are highly lipophilic, odorless, and may possess strong flavours. They are found mainly in fungi and in resins of higher-order plants, as typical products of plant metabolism. This book examines the types, functions and provides new research on diterpenoids. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Occurrence, Biological Activity and Synthesis of Diterpenoid Amides
Nicon Ungur, Aculina Aricu and Marina Grinco (Institute of Chemistry of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova)

Chapter 2. Diterpenoids in Marine Cnidaria: An Overview of Existing Data
Gian Luigi Mariottini (Department of Earth, Environment and Life Sciences, University of Genova, Genova, Italy)

Chapter 3. Chemical Characterization and Antioxidant Potential of Diterpenoids Rich Fractions Isolated from Selected Plant Species
Vanja M. Tadić, Irena Žižović, Jelena Živkovć, Ivana Arsić, and Edward Roj (Department of Pharmaceutical Research and Development, Institute for Medicinal Plant Research "Dr. Josif Pančić", Belgrade, Serbia, and others)

Chapter 4. Biology of Acyclic Diterpenoids, with Special Attention to Geranylgeranoic Acid and Its 2,3-Dihydro Derivative
Yoshihiro Shidoji and Hiroshi Sagami (Molecular and Cellular Biology, Graduate School of Human Health Science, University of Nagasaki, Nagayo, Nagasaki, Japan, and others)

Chapter 5. Diterpenoids in Rice: Functions, Biosynthesis, and their Regulation
Koji Miyamoto (Department of Biosciences, Teikyo University, Utsunomiya, Japan)

Index

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