Distributed Wind Energy Generation

Antonio Colmenar-Santos, Ph.D., Enrique Rosales-Asensio, Ph.D. and David Borge-Diez, Ph.D. (Editors)

Series: Renewable Energy: Research, Development and Policies
BISAC: SCI024000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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European efforts to fight climate change, to improve the security of energy supply, and to drive innovation and competitiveness in the next decade will make distributed generation (DG) develop and grow considerably. DG growth is an integral component of a new vision of an effective and highly responsive “European Smart Grid” in which the actions of all stakeholders are fully integrated. However, there are a number of existing barriers that prevent the spread of DG in the European market. These barriers range from simple commercial issues, such as the fact that the energy produced is currently not cost-effective in comparison to the electricity generated on a large scale, to complex regulatory reforms. In this book, several comparisons are made regarding different solutions already adopted in European countries for low power distributed generation, thereby providing possible solutions to the budding energy situation in Europe, as well as an overview of trends and growth forecasts for distributed generation and smart grid (SG) projects. Since several processes working with solar energy are available, a study to know which technology is more suitable considering the primary energy consumption and economy is necessary.

This book analyses existing wind farms to quantify and characterise the market suitable for repowering. We discuss whether repowering is a valid alternative from the point of view of feasibility to enable the continuation of the integration of wind energy in the Spanish energy mix and whether this feasibility is enough when the energy generated is charged at the electricity market price in terms of grid parity. The results support that repowering is a profitable alternative and is often even better than the construction of new wind farms under certain conditions. Finally, in this book, the problems that have motivated the development of wind control centres are presented, highlighting the Spanish case.

Preface

Chapter 1. EU Plans for Renewable Energy
(Salvador Ruiz-Romero, Rosario Gil-Ortego and Carlos de Palacio, Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica, Control, Telemática y Química Aplicada a la Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain)

Chapter 2. Distributed Generation Perspectives
(Salvador Ruiz-Romero, Rosario Gil-Ortego and Antonio Molina-Bonilla, Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica, Control, Telemática y Química Aplicada a la Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain)

Chapter 3. Urban Wind Systems
(Francisco Toja-Silva and Elio San Cristóbal-Ruiz, Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica, Control, Telemática y Química Aplicada a la Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain)

Chapter 4. Wind Control Centres
(Jose-Maria Gallardo-Calles, Javier Ontañón-Ruiz and Elio San Cristóbal-Ruiz, Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica, Control, Telemática y Química Aplicada a la Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain)

Chapter 5. Wind Repowering
(Jose-Maria Gallardo-Calles, Javier Ontañón-Ruiz and Elio San Cristóbal-Ruiz, Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Electrónica, Control, Telemática y Química Aplicada a la Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Madrid, Spain)

Index

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