Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM): Properties, Applications and Behavior

Oleg S. Pokrovsky, Ph.D. (Editor)
Geoscience and Environment Toulouse, University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France, CNRS, France Tomsk State University, Russia N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research, Arkhangelsk, Russia

Liudmila Shirokova (Editor)
N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research, Russia and CNRS, University of Toulouse, France

Series: Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: SCI026000

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Dissolved Organic Matter (DOM) is a major factor controlling global biogeochemical cycles of carbon, macro- and micronutrients and toxic metals. It plays a pivotal role both in mobilization (chemical weathering), transport (organic complexes and colloids), biological uptake and deposition (microbial and photo-degradation) of a number of essential macro- (C, N, P) and micro- (Fe, Zn, Mn, Ni, Cu Co) nutrients. The interest of scientists to DOM is rapidly increasing. Between 1950 and 2017, more than 30,000 scientific papers on DOM were published (Web of Science® All Database Search); however, more than half of them were produced over the past nine years and over the last two and a half years, more than 5,400 papers were published. Such attention to DOM is clearly motivated by a combination of global climate change issues and the main role of DOM in CO2 exchange between the atmosphere and the surface waters.

Despite such a large range of scientific problems concerning DOM properties, origins, and applications, there is a very strong geographical bias in terms of the amount of research devoted to various geographical regions of the world. The majority of information concerns temperate zones and boreal regions of Scandinavia and Northern America, with very little information available on Siberia and Russia. Thus, among the less than 30,000 scientific articles devoted to various aspects of DOM since 1950, only 150-200 of them are devoted to DOM in Russia or Siberia. This book is essentially oriented towards filling these gaps of our knowledge. Among thirteen chapters, eleven of them are devoted to various aspects of DOM in Russia and Siberia. Another important and still poorly characterized aspect of natural DOM is its colloidal status: four chapters of this book deal with the colloidal speciation of DOM in rivers and lakes. Given the breadth of physico-chemical, geochemical, biological, and geographical aspects of DOM covered in this book, it will be useful for a large audience of environmental scientists, limnologists, physico-chemists, soil and landscape scientists and biogeochemists.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Introduction

Chapter 1. Soil Organic Matter: Carbon Stocks, Distribution and the Pathways of Organic Matter Transport from Soil to Streams
O. Yu. Drozdova, S. A. Lapitskiy and J. Viers (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, and others)

Chapter 2. Carbonic Acids in Natural Waters, Peat and Vegetation Leachates from a Discontinuous Permafrost Zone, Western Siberia
V. Khasanov, A. Makarycheva, Yu. G. Slizhov, R. M. Manasypov, S. V. Loiko, S. N. Vorobiev and O. S. Pokrovsky (National Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia)

Chapter 3. Methodology with 3D Fluorescence Spectroscopy to Characterize Dissolved Organic Matter in Soil
R. M. Fuentes-Rivas, J. A. Ramos-Leal, J. Moran-Ramírez and M. Esparza-Soto (Facultad de Geografía, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Toluca, Estado de México, México, and others)

Chapter 4. Soluble Organic Compounds as a Regulator of Biochemical Processes in the North
E. V. Shamrikova, O. S. Kubick, D. A. Kaverin, A. V. Pastuhov, A. G. Zavarzina, and V. V. Punegov (Institute of Biology of Komi Scientific Centre of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia, and others)

Chapter 5. Dissolved Organic Matter in the River Waters of Moscow’s Water Supply Sources: The Effect of Reservoirs
D. I. Sokolov and O. Erina (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Mocsow, Russia)

Chapter 6. The Transformation of Dissolved Organic Matter in the Soil Water – Bog – Stream – Terminal Lake Continuum of a Boreal Watershed (Northern Karelia)
O. Yu. Drozdova, S. M. Ilina and S. A. Lapitskiy (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, and others)

Chapter 7. Dissolved Carbon in Contrasting Stratified Lakes of the Subarctic: Assessing the Importance of Allochthonous versus Autochthonous Processes
A. V. Chupakov, A. A. Chupakova, O. Yu. Moreva, L. S. Shirokova, S. A. Zabelina, T. Y. Vorobieva, S. I. Klimov, O. S. Brovko and O. S. Pokrovsky (N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research, Russian Academy of Science, Arkhangelsk, Russia, and others)

Chapter 8. Spatial Variation of Dissolved Organic Carbon in Thermokarst Lake Waters (Permafrost Zone of Western Siberia)
R. M. Manasypov, O. S. Pokrovsky, S. N. Kirpotin, and L. S. Shirokova (Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia, and others)

Chapter 9. Seasonal Dynamics of Organic Carbon in Thermokarst Lakes of a Discontinuous Permafrost Zone
R. M. Manasypov, S. N.Vorobyev, S. V. Loiko, I. V. Kritzkov, A. Lim, L.S. Shirokova, V. P. Shevchenko, S. N. Kirpotin, and O. S. Pokrovsky (Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia, and others)

Chapter 10. Landscape Factors Regulating Dissolved Carbon in Western Siberian Rivers
O. S. Pokrovsky, R. M. Manasypov, S. V. Loiko, I. A. Krickov, L. S. Shirokova, B. G. Pokrovsky, L. G. Kolesnichenko, V. A. Zemtsov, S. G. Kopysov, S. P. Kulizhsky, S. N. Vorobiev and S. N. Kirpotin (GET UMR 5563 CNRS University of Toulouse (France), Toulouse, France, and others)

Chapter 11. Dissolved and Colloidal Organic Matter in a Humic Stratified Boreal Lake
L. S. Shirokova and O. S. Pokrovsky (N. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research, Russian Academy of Science, Russia, and others)

Chapter 12. Dissolved Organic Carbon and Organo-Mineral Colloids in the Mixing Zone of the Largest European Arctic River
O. S. Pokrovsky, L. S. Shirokova, J. Viers, V. V. Gordeev, V. P. Shevchenko, and A. V. Chupakov (Georesources and Environment Toulouse, CNRS, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France, and others)

Chapter 13. Dissolved Organic Matter: Properties, Application and Environmental Behaviors of DOM in China
Y.Y. Zheng, F.F. Wang and Q.Y. Sun (Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China)

Index

Given the breadth of physico-chemical, geochemical, biological, and geographical aspects of DOM covered in this book, it will be useful for large audience of environmental scientists, limnologists, physico-chemists, soil and landscape scientists and biogeochemists.

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