Disinfectants: Properties, Applications and Effectiveness


Ana Sofia Cardoso (Editor)
Charneca de Caparica, Lisbon, Portugal

Cristina Maria Martins Almeida (Editor)
Faculty of Pharmacy of University of Lisbon, iMed (The Institute for Medicines and Pharmaceutical Sciences), Department of Toxicological and Bromatological Sciences, Lisbon, Portugal

Telma Costa Cordeiro (Editor)
Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Lisbon, Portugal

Vanessa de Jesus Gaffney (Editor)
SAPEC Agro, Setúbal, Portugal

Series: Bacteriology Research Developments
BISAC: SCI006000

Antiseptics and disinfectants are extensively used at home, in occupied buildings, recreational areas, industries (the water industry, food processing industry and pharmaceutical industry, among others), hospitals and other healthcare settings for a variety of topical and hard-surface applications. They play a critical role in controlling the spread of environmentally transmitted pathogens in healthcare and food-processing environments, as well as at home. A wide variety of active chemical agents are found in these products, many of which have been used for hundreds of years for antisepsis, disinfection, and preservation.

Although its main purpose is to control human exposure to microorganisms through preventive action, its use should also be carefully controlled in order to prevent healthcare problems that may consequently emerge due to their toxicity.

The problems regarding the use of disinfectants are not new, although unquestionably tangible and pertinent, due to its broad application in the referred economical activities, as well as due to the development and emerging of new compounds with this activity.

This book aims to address the various scenarios regarding the use of disinfectants. Accordingly, through its eleven chapters it is possible to become aware of the wide range of disinfectant applications, as well as the concerning advantages and limitations of its use. This book is divided into two main sections. The first section, after an overview regarding the use of disinfectants in society, addresses questions related to its toxicology and health repercussions along with microbiological mechanisms.
In the second section, a far-reaching exploration of the application of disinfectants in a set of specifically selected economic activities, alongside issues concerning their environmental impact and regulatory matters is addressed. This section also includes two case studies on novel disinfection methods. (Imprint: Nova)


Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Susan D. Richardson (Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of South Carolina, Columbus,NC, US)

Acronyms and Abbreviations

Chapter 1. Disinfectants in Society: Current and Future Perspectives
M. G. Narotsky (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Toxicity Assessment Division, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, United States)

Chapter 2. Chemical Disinfectants: Toxicology and Health
S. Felix, A.C.C. Sousa, C.C. Jacob, and A.M.M. Antunes (Universidade Atlântica, Antiga Fábrica da Pólvora de Barcarena, Barcarena, Oeiras, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 3. Microbiology and Disinfecting Agents
Cristina A. Viegas and Leonilde M. Moreira (iBB-Institute for Bioengineering and Biosciences, Department of Bioengineering, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av.ª Rovisco Pais, Lisboa, Portugal)

Chapter 4. Disinfectants in the Food Processing Industry
J. Babić, D. Šubarić, Đ. Ačkar, and A. Jozinović, Josip Juraj Strossmayer (University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology, Osijek, Franje Kuhača, Osijek, Croatia)

Chapter 5. Disinfectants in the Pharmaceutical Industry
T.Sandle (Head of Microbiology, Bio Products Laboratory, UK)

Chapter 6. Disinfectants, Sterilization, and Antiseptics in the Healthcare Sector
M. A. Fernades, P.L. Carreira, M.J. Maia, E. C. Menoita, E. Pina, and R.G. Pacheco (Hospital Curry Cabral, CHLC, Lisboa, Portugal, and others)

Chapter 7. Disinfection in Recreational Areas
Tim Schlosser, Leon Kreuter, and Lothar Erdinger (Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg, Zentrum für Infektiologie, Med. Mikrobiologie und Hygiene, Chemielabor, Heidelberg, Germany)

Chapter 8. Disinfection of Drinking Water
S. José and H. Rebelo (National Institute of Health Doctor Ricardo Jorge, Environmental Health Department, Avenida Padre Cruz, Lisbon, Portugal)

Chapter 9. Environmental Impact of Disinfectants (Water, Air, Soil)
R. R. Pinheiro, A. S. S. Souto and M. H. S. Villas-Boas (Departamento de Microbiologia Geral, Instituto de Microbiologia Paulo de Góes, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Av.ª Carlos Chagas Filho, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 10. Case Study I: A Novel Disinfection Method for Water and Treated Wastewater by Using Pressurized Carbon Dioxide
H. T. Vo and T. Imai (Department of Urban Infrastructural Engineering, Mientrung University of Civil Engineering (MUCE), Tuy Hoa, Phu Yen, Vietnam, and others)

Chapter 11. Case Study II: A Novel Disinfectant for Controlling Nosocomial and Foodborne Pathogens
A. Upadhyay, G. Flock, S. Mooyottu, and K. Venkitanarayanan (Department of Animal Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA)

About the Editors



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