Disciplines of the City: New Forms of Governance in Today’s Postmetropolises

Julia Urabayen (Editor)
Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain

Jorge León Casero (Editor)
Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain

Series: Political Science and History
BISAC: POL000000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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During the past two decades, cities have become nerve centers for the production of value. Connected in real time by means of a vast infrastructure network, their productive dynamic has surpassed the organizational and management capabilities of territorially limited States, which are dependent on the international financial flow of capital moving across them. Given that cities are truly the biopolitical factories of the 21st century, the job functions of an urban planner are now identified with those of a highly placed manager in charge of a company’s R+D+i, and the mode of governance applied to these is different from that used during previous, historic stages.

From different viewpoints (Philosophy, Law, Architecture, and Engineering), this book offers an analysis of the main changes which have taken place in the way cities function. Among other issues, it looks at the management styles applied by public administrations to public spaces (David Thunder; Jorge León, Enrique Cano, and José María Castejón), and the new manner in which social (Julia Urabayen) and legal – public (Adriana Ruiz and Alejandro Gómez) and private (Felipe Schwember) – segregation is generated. It also looks at the new sociopolitical uses that city inhabitants have given to common spaces beyond the dichotomy of private and public space (Jonas Holst; Carlos Cámara).

In other words, the chapters included in this book are not an historical approach to the city, but a theoretical reflection on the disciplines that define our post-metropolitan cities. The aim of the book is to understand how cities and the disciplines that are used to make them work function nowadays: governance, politics, and technology. The cities of the 21st century are no longer places where people can live freely (as Weber stated in The City), but spaces divided in at least two different areas: those who have access to ICT and those who do not have that technology, those who live in healthy and safe boroughs, and those who live in poor und unhealthy areas. This book ponders those problems and tries to show how the disciplinarians of the city deal with them.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. From Polis to Metropolis: On the Limits of Classical Approaches to Governance in a Fragmented Social Landscape
(David Thunder, Institute for Culture and Society, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain)

Chapter 2. AI Disciplines: Deleuze, Cybernetics, and Smart Cities’ Violence
(Jorge León Casero, Enrique Cano and José María Castejón, Department of Philosophy, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain, and others)

Chapter 3. Biopolitical Strategies of Dual Territories
(Julia Urabayen, Department of Philosophy, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain)

Chapter 4. The Criminalization of Risk: Zero-Tolerance Applied to Vulnerable Populations
(Adriana María Ruiz Gutiérrez and Alejandro Gómez Restrepo, School of Law and Political Sciences, Pontificia Bolivariana University, Medellín, Colombia)

Chapter 5. The Twisted Path to Dystopia: The Libertarian Utopias of Private Law
(Felipe Schwember Augier, School of Government, University Adolfo Ibáñez, Viña de Mar, Chile)

Chapter 6. Urban Commons and the Production of Alternatives to the Neoliberal City
(Carlos Cámara-Menoyo, School of Architecture and Technology, San Jorge University, Zaragoza, Spain)

Chapter 7. Public Space Contested: Metropolitan Squares as Sites for Urban Commoning
(Jonas Holst, School of Architecture and Technology, San Jorge University, Zaragoza, Spain)

Index

Keywords: Biopolitics, Capitalist Dystopias, Power, Contested Space, Dual Territories, Governmentality, Liberalism, Metropolis, Open Systems, Polis, Population, Privatization, Right to the City, Security Society, Smart Cities, Soft Imperialism, Square, Urban Commons, Vulnerability, Zero-Tolerance

There are two main readerships for the proposed publication. The first one is professors and researchers who work in the fields of Political Philosophy, Law, Urban Planning, Politics and Social Sciences. It is also addressed to students of those fields and to anyone who is interested in knowing how cities function nowadays. The academic level of this readership is scholars and researchers, but also cultured people who do not belong to the world of academe. The other main readership is any group of professionals devoted to city management: Urban Planners, Public Administration and people who work in Urban Regeneration.
To sum up, the list of relevant areas and job functions is the following:
Professors and students.
Cultured people who want to understand the world they live in.
Urban Planners.
Public Administration professionals and Civil Servants.
Jobs related to Urban Regeneration: Architects, Social Workers, social movements or civil societies.

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