Development of Research in Microscale and Nanoscale Thermal and Fluid Sciences

Lixin Cheng (Editor)
Department of Engineering and Mathematics, Faculty of Arts, Computing, Engineering and Sciences, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK

Series: Mechanical Engineering Theory and Applications
BISAC: TEC009070

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Applications of microscale and nanoscale thermal and fluid transport phenomena are involved in traditional industries and highly specialized fields such as bioengineering, chemical and biochemical engineering, micro-fabricated fluidic systems, microelectronics, aerospace technology, micro heat pipes, chips cooling etc. The research in the relevant subjects has been becoming especially important since the late 20th century. However, microscale and nanoscale thermal and fluid transport phenomena are quite different from those at conventional scale or macroscale. Research on the thermal and fluid transport phenomena at microscale and nanoscale has extensively been conducted to understand the very complex phenomena in the past decades. New instrumentational methods have been applied to measure the basic physical parameters at microscale and are continuously under development. New test data have been obtained through state-of-the art experimental facilities. New prediction methods and mathematical models have also been developed to cover both macroscale and microscale channels and are being continuously under investigation. However, there are quite contradictory results in the available research. Furthermore, new theories and mechanisms are also urgently needed for the fluid flow and heat transfer phenomena at microscale and nanoscale. There are many issues to be clarified from both theoretical and applied aspects. In recent years, interdisciplinary research areas are also rapidly under development. For example, as a new research frontier of nanotechnology, the research of nanofluid two-phase flow and thermal physics is rapidly growing. However, it has also posed new challenges as there are quite contradictory results in the available research. There are still a number of issues needed to be solved in the practical applications. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Mixed Convective Boundary Layer Flow over a Vertical Wedge Embedded in a Porous Medium Saturated with a Nanofluid
Rama Subba Reddy Gorla and Mahesh Kumari

Chapter 2. Flow and Heat Transfer of Two Micropolar Fluids Separated by a Viscous Fluid Layer
J.C. Umavathi, Ali J. Chamkha, and M. Shekar

Chapter 3. Investigation of an Aluminium-Copper-Clad Metal Baseplate for Liquid Cooling: Experimental Characterization and Thermal Modelling
Matt Reeves, Jesus Moreno, Peter Beucher, Sy-Jenq Loong and David Bono

Chapter 4. Unsteady MHD Free Convection Flow Past an Exponentially Accelerated Vertical Plate with Mass Transfer, Chemical Reaction and Thermal Radiation
A.J. Chamkha, M.C. Raju, T. Sudhakar Reddy and S.V.K. Varma

Chapter 5. Heat transfer enhancement studies of water dispersed with multi walled carbon nano tubes in a cross flow radiator
V. Srinivas, CH. V. K. N. S. N. Moorthy and P. K. Sarma

Chapter 6. Evaluation of correlations for supercritical CO2 cooling convective heat transfer and pressure drop in macro- and micro-scale tubes
Lixin Cheng

Chapter 7. Mixed convection flow in a vertical channel filled with a fluid-saturated porous medium divided by a perfectly conductive baffle
J. C. Umavathi, I. C. Liu, and Ali J. Chamkha

Chapter 8. Heat Transfer of Ferrofluids: A Review
Yongqing He, Qincheng Bi, and Tingkuan Chen

Chapter 9. A Review of Studies on the Flow Patterns of Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in Verical Tubes
Yuqing Xue, Huixiong Li, Liangxing Li, and Tingkuan Chen

Chapter 10. Flow Boiling Heat Transfer and Critical Heat Flux Phenomena of Nanofluids in Microscale Channels
Lixin Cheng

Chapter 11. Investigation on the Flow and Heat-Transfer Characteristics under Safety Injection in Pressurized Water Reactor at Xi'an Jiaotong University
Hongfang Gu, Donghua Lu, Shijie Wang, Haijun Wang, Yushan Luo, and Tingkuan Chen

Chapter 12. Effect of a Polymeric Additive on Non-Boiling Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop of Upward Gas-Liquid Two Phase Flow in a Vertical Smooth Tube
Lei Liu and Lixin Cheng

Chapter 13. Pressure-Wave Propagation Technique for Blockage Detection in Subsea Flowlines
Xianghui Chen, Ying Tsang, Hong-Quan Zhang, and Tom X. Chen

Chapter 14. Entropy Generation in Thermally Fully Developed Electro-Osmotic Flow in Circular Microtubes
Rama Subba Reddy Gorla

Chapter 15. Effect of Melting on Mixed Convective Boundary Layer Flow over a Vertical Wedge Embedded in a Porous Medium Saturated with a Nanofluid
Rama Subba Reddy Gorla and Mahesh Kumari

Index

Chapter 1

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[13] D. A. Nield and A.V. Kuznetsov, "Thermal Instability in a Porous Medium Layer Saturated by a Nanofluid," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 52 (2009) 5796-5801.
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Chapter 2

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Chapter 3

[1] M. Reeves, J. Moreno, P. Beucher, S.-J. Loong, D. Brown, Investigation on the impact on Thermal Performances of new pin and fin geometries applied to liquid cooling of power Electronics, Proceedings PCIM Europe 2011, pp.772-778.
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Chapter 4

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Chapter 5

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Chapter 6

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Chapter 7

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Chapter 8

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Chapter 9

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Chapter 10

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Chapter 11

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Chapter 12

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Chapter 13

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Chapter 14

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Chapter 15

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