Desalination Research Progress


Authors: Daniel J. Delgado and Pablo Moreno

Description: As freshwater resources continue to decline as the population grows and development activities continue, desalination has taken on a sense of urgency. Desalination refers to any of several processes that remove excess salt and other minerals from water. Desalination may also refer to the removal of salts and minerals more generally, as in soil desalination. This book includes within its scope distillation, membranes, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis, ion exchange, freezing, water purification, and water reuse and wastewater treatment. This new volume examines new research in this frontier field.

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Chapter I. Freshwater Scarcities and Desalination, pp. 1-66
(Gregor Meerganz von Medeazza Institute for Environmental Sciences and Technology, University of Barcelona, Spain)

Chapter II. Renewable Energy Sources Used for Seawater Desalination, pp. 67-144
(Soteris A. Kalogirou, Cyprus University of Technology, Cyprus)

Chapter III. Renewable Energy Sources for Seawater Desalition – Present Status and Future Prospects, pp. 145-160
(Eftihia Tzen, Center for Renewable Energy Sources Greece)

Chapter IV. Future Growth in the Desalination Industry in Middle East Region, pp. 161-185
(Mohamed A. Dawoud, Terrestrial Environmental Research Center, Enviroment Agency, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates)

Chapter V. Calcium Sulfate Scale: Formation and Prevention, pp. 187-247
(Oleg D. Linnikov, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, Russia)

Chapter VI. Silica Scale Inhibition Relevant to Desalination Technologies: Progress and Recent Developments, pp. 249-259
(Konstantinos D. Demadis, Crystal Engineering, Growth and Design Laboratory, Dept. of Chemistry, Univ. of Crete, Crete, Greece)

Chapter VII. Desalination by Recently Developed Inorganic Membranes Using Reverse Osmosis and Membrane Distillation, pp. 261-274
(Mikel C. Duke, Department of Chemical Engineering, Ira A. Fulton, School of Engineering, Arizona, USA, Steven J. Mee, FIMLab-Films and Inorganic Membrane Laboratory, School of Engineering, University of Queensland, Australia, et al.)

Chapter VIII. Solar Still Innovation – Review Article, pp. 275-316
(A.E. Kabeel, Faculty of Engineering Tanta University, Egypt, A.M. Hamed, Faculty of Engineering Mansoura University, Egypt)

Chapter IX. HD Solar Water Desalination – A General Prospect, pp. 317-327
(Adel M. Abdel Dyem, Faculty of Engineering, Mattarria, Helwan University, Egypt)

Chapter X. Energy Usage and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Desalination Plants, pp. 329-338
(Sergio Mussati, Nestor Rodriguez, Nicolas Scenna, Argentina, Sergio Richter, Instituto de Desarrollo y Diseno, Argentina)

Chapter XI. Hybrid Fuel Cell/Desalination System, pp. 339-359
(Said AL-Hallaj, J.R. Selman, Greg Albright, Illinois Institute of Technology)

Chapter XII. Methodology and Optimization Model for the Synthesis and Design of MSF Desalination systems including Availability, Preventive Maintenance Policies and Temporary Variation of Failure Velocity, pp. 361-372
(Sergio Mussati, Nicolas Scenna, Instituto de Desarrollo y Diseno, Argentina)

Chapter XIII. MFI Zeolite Membranes for Reverse Osmosis Desalination:Effect and Modification of Intercrystalline Pores, pp. 373-388
(Junhang Dong, Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, Liangxiong Li, Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Mining and Technology, New Mexico, USA, Tina M. Nenoff, Surface and Interfacial Science, Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico, USA)

Chapter XIV. ^Desalination through Electrodialysis: New Explorations, pp. 389-428
(P. Ray, Central Salt & Marine Chemicals Research Institute, Gijubhai Badheka Marg, Gujarat, India)

Chapter XV. Application of Mathematical Programming on the Optimal Synthesis and Design of Desalination Systems, pp. 429-448
(Sergio Mussati, Instituto de Desarrollo y Diseno, Argentina, Pio Aguirre, Nicolas Scenna, Argentina)

Chapter XVI. ^ Optimization Procedures for the Selection of Reverse Osmosis Desalination Plants, pp. 449-477
(Andreas Poullikkas, Electricity Authority of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus)

Chapter XVII. ^ Preparation of A Novel Microporous Membrane by Selective Dissolution of Polyurethane/Polyvinyl Acetate Polymer Blend Membrane, pp. 479-488
(Behnam Ghalei, Polymer Group, Chemical Engineering Department, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran)

Chapter XVIII. Brine Discharges From Two Coastal Desalination Plants, pp. 489-497
(H.H. Al-Barwani, Anton Purnama, Department of Mathematicas and Statistics, College of Science Sultan Qaboos University, Sultanate of Oman)


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