Date Palm: Composition, Cultivation and Uses

Beltane Bolduc (Editor)

Series: Plant Science Research and Practices
BISAC: SCI073000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Date Palm: Composition, Cultivation and Uses first summarizes the bioaccesibility of bioactive compounds in several Phoenix species, P. dactylifera, P. reclinata, P. sylvestris and P. loureiroi, to foster the integration of herbal and modern medicine.

Date palm propagation means by conventional techniques, biotechnology tools, and maintenance of plant material in the greenhouse prior to field transfer are presented. An overview of field transfer of date palm vitro-plants is also provided.
Following this, the authors discuss how experiments show that fertilizer addition is necessary for the improvement of date palm growth and increase of date fruits production. Date palm requires relatively great amounts of macro and micro nutrients to achieve good growth and give reasonable and economical production. Therefore, fertilization is one of the important practices that increases dates production and improves fruits quality.

Artificial pollination is a distinguished and vital practice in commercial production of the date palm fruit. As such, the authors discuss how safe transfer of pollen grains to the female flower stigma at the proper condition is necessary in order for the ovule to be fertilized and the proper fruit set achieved.

Date palm genetic resources have been preserved using in vitro micropropagation, and new elite cultivars are being produced using certain molecular breeding and biotechnological approaches. However, such measures are insufficient sustainable date palm production. This compilation proposes that it is time to introduce newly developed approaches such as high-throughput sequencing technologies, -omics technologies and CRISPR/Cas based approaches to revolutionize the date palm genetic improvement.

Continuing, farm-level production, productivity and income of date farms in Nefzaoua, southern Tunisia is examined. The self-selection bias was mitigated due to the adoption of multilayer farming.

Next, the authors discuss the most suitable irrigation water management strategy to minimize the effects of irrigation practices and future climate change on soil properties and on productivity of date palms.

In the closing study, the effects of light and darkness on the germination and conversion of date palm somatic embryos to plants is studied. The observed results indicate that darkness is associated with increased proliferation and germination of somatic embryos.
(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. An Update on Bioactive Compounds in Palm Species
(Murugan Rajan, Gomathi Rajkumar and Narendra Narain, Laboratory of Flavor and Chromatographic Analysis, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Brazil)

Chapter 2. Means of Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Propagation
(Larbi Abahmane, Plant Biotechnology Laboratory, National Institute of Agricultural Research, Marrakech, Morocco)

Chapter 3. Date Palm Trees Fertilization Requirements and Its Effect on Dates Yield
(Mohamed Aly Badawi, PhD, Department of Soil Microbiology, Soils, Water and Environment Research Institute, Agriculture Research Center, Giza, Egypt)

Chapter 4. Pollination Technology in Date Palm Cultivation
(Ahmad Mostaan and Sara Ahmadizadeh, Horticultural Science Research Institute, Date Palm and Tropical Fruits Research Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Ahwaz, Iran)

Chapter 5. Date Palm Cultivation in the Post-Genomic Era
(Muhammad Naeem Sattar, Zafar Iqbal, Samreen Sarwar, Javed Hassan, Suliman A. Al-Khateeb and Syed Bilal Hussain, Department of Biotechnology, College of Agriculture and Food Sciences, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and others)

Chapter 6. Farming Patterns in Date Palm Cultivation in Nefzaoua, Southern Tunisia
(Erina Iwasaki and Kenichi Kashiwagi, Faculty of Foreign Studies, Sophia University, Tokyo, Japan)

Chapter 7. Date Palm Irrigation in Tunisian Oases: Performance, Effects, and Adaptation Strategies to Future Climate Change
(Zied Haj-Amor, Latifa Dhaouadi and Salem Bouri, Water, Energy, and Environment Laboratory, National Engineering School of Sfax, Sfax, Tunisia, and others)

Chapter 8. Effect of Light Conditions on Germination and Conversion of Indirect Date Palm Somatic Embryos into Plants
(Mansour Abohatem, Hanan Abohatem and Yousra Al- Qubati, Department of Biology, Faculty of Education and Languages, Amran University, Amran, Yemen, and others)

Index

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