Dao and Daoist Ideas for Scientists, Humanists and Practitioners



Series: World Philosophy
BISAC: PHI023000

In this new collection of previously unpublished papers, Daoism is a philosophy, and it is presented not exclusively as a religion but as a practical way of life related to all aspects of human beings and the natural environment. Since its origins in China thousands of years ago, Daoism has meant harmony with nature and other human beings. Its principles may be applied successfully by those with any or no religion who seek a world of greater understanding, harmony, and peace. Addressed to a broad audience ranging from newcomers to seasoned professionals, this book introduces the concepts of Dao, Daoism, and its pioneering philosophers (e.g., Laozi, Zhuangzi, and Liezi). The book describes the importance of Dao and Daoist ideas for scientists, humanists, and practitioners while offering practical steps and guidance for our lives today.

Like the familiar taiji (also known as tai chi) symbol associated with Daoism, this book is divided into two complementary sections. The first explores how Dao and Daoist ideas are related to science, humanities, and the arts. The second part focuses on Daoist practices and applications. The essays, written by experts in their fields of study, address a number of topics, including the Dao of sciences (e.g., statistics) and arts, similarities between natural Dao and Darwin’s evolutionary science, and Daoist contribution to sciences and technology.

Other subjects include the growing interest in Daoist ideas in the West, Daoist cognitive science and the yin-yang dialectical mind, Daoism’s relationship to peace psychology and ecology psychology (via self-observation and self-understanding), and Zhuangzhou’s aesthetic view on the naturalness of things (i.e., the most beautiful entities are those that are naturally created by the Dao).

In addition to these theoretical explorations, the book offers abundant practical applications of Daoist ideas to our lives and work. Practical guidance is offered in applying Daoist principles to physical and mental health, meditation and dantian cultivation, classroom learning, and diversity management. Clear-cut directions offer insight into applying Daoist ideas to leadership training, clinical therapy, and administration. The book provides readers with the universal applicability of Daoist principles and the benefit of living in harmony with nature, Dao, and others.

This book is unique in its appeal to a wide range of readers. On the one hand, it provides an introduction for those with minimal knowledge of Daoism. On the other hand, sophisticated Daoist scholars, researchers, or practitioners may also be enriched and enlightened by its presentation of recent research findings, scholarly discussions, and hands-on applications.
Years in the making, this book project represents a milestone of achievement for its writers and editors.

Nova Science Publishers is pleased to offer readers this long-overdue compendium of Daoist wisdom, from basic information to tools for transformation in the 21st century. Happy reading!
(Imprint: Nova)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents



Chapter 1. What Is Dao or Daoism? Why Is It Important to Us?
(Yueh-Ting Lee, Linda Holt and Matthew R. Jamnik, Department of Psychology, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, IL, US, and Southern New Hampshire University, Manchester, NH, US)

Chapter 2. The Dao of Statistics and Art
(Daryl S. Paulson, BioScience Laboratories, Inc., Bozeman, MT, US)

Chapter 3. Nature as the Common Theme of Daoism, Totemism and Darwinism: The Evolutionary Crossroads of Sciences and Humanities
(Yueh-Ting Lee, Yongping Zhao, Richard Montoya and Changjiang Xu, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, IL, US, Southwest University, Chongqing, China, and Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, China)

Chapter 4. Western Daoism: Modern Variations on an Ancient Chinese Theme
(Linda Holt, Southern New Hampshire University, Manchester, NH, US)

Chapter 5. Daoist Contributions to Sciences in Ancient China
(Feng-Yan Wang, Yueh-Ting Lee, Wen-Qian Zhou and Zheng-Dong Wang, School of Psychology, Nanjing Normal University, Jiangsu, China, and Southern Illinois University Carbondale, IL US)

Chapter 6. Daoist Psychology, Peace, and the Process of Transformation
(Steven Handwerker, The International Association for the Advancement of Human Welfare, Inc., Ormond Beach, FL, US)

Chapter 7. Daoist Unity of Opposites Characterizes Cognition and Its Interactions with Reality
(Key Sun, Independent Scholar, Eugene, OR, US)

Chapter 8. The Aesthetic View of Zhuangzi and Its Influence on Chinese Literature and Art
(Keqian Xu, PhD, Matthew R. Jamnik, Department of Literature and Philosophy, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China, and Southern Illinois University Carbondale, IL US)

Chapter 9. Ancient Daoist Perspectives and Modern Stereotype Research as Approaches to Diversity Management and Human Differences Appreciation
(Yueh-Ting Lee and Yongping Zhao, Department of Psychology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, US, and Southwest University, Chongqing, China)

Chapter 10. Daoism and Human Health
(Ai Guo Han, Department of Writing Arts, Rowan University, Glassboro, New Jersey, US)

Chapter 11. Daoist Practices for Dantian Cultivation
(Ron Catabia, Sundo Federation, Seoul, South Korea)

Chapter 12. Collaboration and Teamwork: Application of Daoist Big Five Theory to Classroom Learning
(Wenting Chen and Yueh-Ting Lee, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China, and Southern Illinois University Carbondale IL, US)

Chapter 13. Daoist Thought, Leadership, and Open-Minded Cognition
(Victor Ottati, Yueh-Ting Lee and Fred Bryant, Loyola University Chicago, Chicago, IL, US, and Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Carbondale, IL, US)

Chapter 14. What Can Professionals Learn from Daoist Philosophy? Application of Daoist Ideas to Therapy and Administration
(Yueh-Ting Lee, Department of Psychology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL, US)

Chapter 15. Toward Universal Dao and Daoism: Commonalities and Future Directions
(Yueh-Ting Lee and Linda Holt, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, IL, US, and Southern New Hampshire University, Manchester, NH, US)

About the Contributors


“Dao and Daoist Ideas is a fascinating book to the inquisitive and the open-minded from all walks of life. As people face ever more competing and conflicting challenges in work and life, Daoism offers paradoxical frameworks and approaches for understanding and dealing with multiple realities. The collection of essays is a treat for a variety of readers, be they philosophers, scientists, educators, consultants, managers, or anyone who seeks new ways of living a balanced and harmonious life.”Chao C. Chen, Ph.D., Professor of Management and Global Business, Rutgers University, USA

“An excellent study of Chinese and foreign scholars’ works on the role and place of Daoism in Chinese history and culture. A must read book, we look forward to more publications by the authors on this important topic.” Michael Saso, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus of Religion and Asian Philosophy at the University of Hawaii, USA

“As a worldview and a way of life, Daoism has exerted a profound influence upon Chinese mentality in the course of the centuries and fueled the mystery of China’s political change and economic growth over the past decades. This volume addresses the theoretical, empirical and practical perspectives of Daoism and is of great interest and importance to a wide range of theorists, scholars, practitioners, and general readers in the English-speaking world.”Li Liu, Ph.D. Professor of Social Psychology, Beijing Normal University, China


Students, professionals and scholars, Lay people, libraries


Harmony/Peace, Dao (or Dao De Jing), Daoist Wisdom
“Eastern Philosophy” and Laozi

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