Dairy Farming: Operations Management, Animal Welfare and Milk Production

Anke Hertz (Editor)

Series: Agriculture Issues and Policies
BISAC: TEC003020




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According to European legislation, the food business operators collecting raw milk intended for the production of milk and dairy products must ensure compliance with certain health requirements for the animals. The animals must not show any symptoms of infectious diseases transmittable to humans, or signs of diseases of the udder or the genital tract that could contaminate milk. Furthermore, they must belong to a holding free or officially free of tuberculosis and brucellosis, and no unauthorized substances or authorized drugs must have been administered without respect to the withdrawal period.

Dairy Farming: Operations Management, Animal Welfare and Milk Production presents a study with the goal of evaluating the compliance with the mentioned criteria in milk samples collected from 100 different dairy farms located in Central Italy. Additionally, under European milk quotas, dairy farms in Europe were limited in the amount of milk they could produce. While quotas were gradually increased over the past four decades, European milking quotas were completely abolished in April 2015 to help meet an expected 20% increase in the global consumption of milk and dairy products by 2050. With this, European dairy farmers can freely expand milk production based upon expected milk prices controlled by open market supply and demand. The authors present a review focused on milk production forecasting models and data variation from a past and future perspective. A comprehensive review of model applications and comparisons from studies over the past two decades is carried out, and both classical and modern methods are reviewed analysed. The concluding review focuses on scientific LCA studies conducted on a variety of different milk production systems, including the treatment of milk co-products, different allocation methods, the assessment of environmental impacts caused by fertilizers and agrochemicals in feed grain production and in the different stages of milk production. However, the methodology requires a higher degree of standardization, especially for the analysis of complex agricultural and livestock systems and their various forms and characteristics.


Chapter 1. Monitoring of the Regulatory Criteria for Raw Milk Collected from Dairy Farms in Central Italy
(Maria Schirone and Pierina Visciano, Faculty of Bioscience and Technology for Food, Agriculture and Environment, University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy)

Chapter 2. A Review of Milk Production Forecasting Models: Past and Future Methods
(Fan Zhang, Philip Shine, John Upton, Laurance Shaloo and Michael D. Murphy, Department of Process, Energy and Transport Engineering, Cork Institute of Technology, Co. Cork, Ireland)

Chapter 3. Contributions of Life Cycle Assessment to the Sustainability of Milk Production
(Laurine S. Carvalho, Camila D. Willers, Henrique L. Maranduba, Sabine Robra, José A. Almeida Neto and Luciano B. Rodrigues, Federal Institute of Bahia, Brazil, and others)


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