Cyanide: Occurrence, Characteristics and Applications

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Benito Soto-Blanco, PhD (Editor)
Department of Veterinary Clinics and Surgery, Veterinary School, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Series: Chemical Engineering Methods and Technology, Environmental Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: TEC009010

Cyanide is an omnipresent substance in the environment and may have been present in the chemical evolution of processes before the appearance of life on Earth. Nowadays this compound is released by several methods including acrylic and ammonia manufacturing, electroplating, steel production, the extraction of gold and silver, and jewelry. Hydrocyanic acid is also found in smoke and is generated by the incomplete combustion of carbon compounds in fires, cigarettes and propulsion motors. Furthermore, over 2,500 plant species are known to accumulate cyanide. In this book, the authors present several aspects of cyanide. In the first chapter, the role of cyanide in the chemical evolution process on early Earth and beyond our planet is discussed. The toxicity of cyanide to animals and humans is presented in Chapter 2. In the third chapter, the author outlines a phenomenological method to estimate the hydrogen cyanide generation. The last chapter is a review of the use of cyanide-bridged coordination polymer electrodes in electrode materials of rechargeable batteries. (Imprint: Novinka )

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Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1 – The Role of Hydrogen Cyanide in the Origin Of Life
(Alicia Negrón-Mendoza, Alejandro Heredia, Maria Colín-García and Sergio Ramos Bernal, Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, and others)

Chapter 2 – Cyanide Poisoning in Animals and Humans
(Antônio Carlos Lopes Câmara and Benito Soto-Blanco, Veterinary Hospital, Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-árido (UFERSA), Mossoró, RN, Brazil, and others)

Chapter 3 – Estimating the Hydrogen Cyanide Generation: Thermodynamic and Mass Transfer
(Humberto Estay, Arcadis Chile, Santiago, Chile, and Laboratory of Membrane Separation Processes (LabProSeM), Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Santiago de Chile (USACH), Santiago, Chile)

Chapter 4 – Application of Cyanide-Bridged Coordination Polymers for Electrode Materials of Rechargeable Batteries
(Masashi Okubo, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan)

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