Current Trends in Periodontics and Implant Dentistry

Vishal Anand (Editor)
Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj Medical University (Erstwhile King George Medical College), Lucknow, U.P., India

Minkle Gulati (Editor)
Dept. of Periodontics, Babu Banarasi Das College of Dental Sciences, Lucknow, U.P., India

Series: Dental Science, Materials and Technology
BISAC: MED016010

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Volume 10

Issue 1

Volume 2

Volume 3

Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Periodontics is a dental specialty that encompasses the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the supporting and surrounding tissues of the teeth (i.e. periodontal tissues) or their substitutes, such as dental implants (i.e. peri-implant tissues) and is also concerned with the maintenance of the health, function and esthetics of these structures and tissues. Periodontal diseases are multifactorial infectious diseases wherein the presence of periodontopathogenic species seems to play a key role in the etiopathogenesis and results in a progressive loss of the hard and soft tissue around the teeth; which if left untreated, ultimately leads to the loosening and subsequent loss of teeth. Similarly diseases affecting peri-implant tissues, if not managed and treated properly results in an implant failure.

However, the nature and severity of periodontal and peri-implant diseases depend on the patient’s oral hygiene, interaction between the bacterial agent, the environment and the host defense mechanisms, and the presence of various risk elements for periodontal/peri-implant diseases like genetic factors, diabetes, smoking, etc. Periodontal disease itself can also act as a potential risk factor for several systemic conditions and may significantly enhance the probability for certain systemic diseases or alter their natural course. Fortunately, periodontal and peri-implant diseases are largely preventable and treatable conditions; and their successful long-term management and treatment requires a treatment strategy that integrates non-surgical, surgical and supportive periodontal/peri-implant therapy along with patient motivation and reinforcement of excellent oral hygiene measures.

Impressive research advances in the epidemiology of periodontal/peri-implant diseases; their specific bacterial etiology and the immunoinflammatory mediators involved in periodontal/peri-implant tissue destruction have greatly altered the way clinicians detect and classify periodontal/peri-implant diseases. This has also led to the development of potential novel therapeutics to prevent, slow or arrest periodontal/peri-implant disease progression. Hence, in this volume the current trends in periodontics and implant dentistry have been explored; reviewing the literature that highlights recent trends in classification of periodontal diseases, periodontal-systemic interrelationship, periodontal diseases in children and adolescents, major breakthroughs in the understanding of essential mechanisms that mediate and resolve periodontal/peri-implant tissue destruction, peri-implant complications and their management, host modulation, as well as advances in nonsurgical and surgical treatment strategies. The volume also includes original researches exploring the role of human cariogenic bacteria, oral spirochetes and herpes virus in the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases, as well as the effect of bisphosphonate adjunctive therapy in postmenopausal women with chronic periodontitis and osteoporosis. Thus, this book all in all offers up-to-date information on the current state of periodontology and implantology. (Imprint: Nova Biomedical )

Preface

Chapter I: Periodontal Diseases and Their Classification
(Vishal Anand and Minkle Gulati, Department of Periodontics, Faculty of Dental Sciences, KGMU, Uttar Pradesh, India, and others)

Chapter II: Influences of Systemic Diseases on Periodontal Health
(Lei Chai and W. Keung Leung, School of Dentistry, University of Queensland, Australia, and others)

Chapter III: Genetic and Behavioral Risk Factors Associated with Periodontal Disease
(Andre Paes B. da Silva and Nabil F. Bissada, Department of Periodontics, CWRU School of Dental Medicine, Cleveland, OH, USA)

Chapter IV: Gingival and Periodontal Diseases in Children
(Nilesh Deshpande and Suruchi Nilesh Deshpande, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Chhattisgarh Dental College and Research Institute, Sundra, Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh, India)

Chapter V: Periodontitis: Risk Factor for Systemic Diseases
(Ana Pejcic and Draginja Kojovic, Periodontology and Oral Medicine, Medical Faculty, University of Nis, Serbia)

Chapter VI: Modulation of the Host Response: Broadening Horizons in the Management of Periodontal Disease
(Minkle Gulati and Vishal Anand, Department of Periodontics, BBDCODS, Uttar Pradesh, India, and others)

Chapter VII: Recurrence, Progression of Periodontitis and Tooth Loss Associated with Surgical or Non-Surgical Procedures in Periodontal Maintenance Therapy: An Overview
(Fernando Oliveira Costa, Alcione Maria Soares Dutra Oliveira, José Roberto Cortelli, Luís Otávio Miranda Cota and Peterson Antonio Dutra Oliveira, Departament of Periodontology, Dentistry School, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, and others)

Chapter VIII: Supportive Periodontal Therapy
(Minkle Gulati and Vishal Anand, Department of Periodontics, BBDCODS, Uttar Pradesh, India, and others)

Chapter IX: Implant Related Complications and their Management
(Rohit Bahuguna and Bhargavi Anand, Department of Prosthodontics, Crown & Bridge, Oral Implantology & Dental Materials, Seema Dental College & Hospital, Rishikesh, Uttrakhand, India, and others)

Chapter X: Lipoproteins of Human Cariogenic Bacteria are Responsible for Inflammation-Inducing Activity Mediated by Toll-Like Receptor 2
(Hideo Kataoka, Departments of Oral Microbiology, Showa University School of Dentistry, Japan)

Chapter XI: Diversity of Oral Spirochetes and Their Role as Periodontopathogens
(Meng You, Rory M. Watt and W. Keung Leung, Faculty of Dentistry, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China)

Chapter XII: Influence of Herpesviruses in the Human Periodontitis: The Hypothesis of Bacteria-Virus Synergy
(Ronaldo Luis Thomasini, Fabiana Souza Maximo Pereira and Mauro Martins Teixeira, Department of Biochemistry and Immunology
Institute of Biological Sciences Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais)

Chapter XIII: Mechanical Periodontal Therapy in Chronic Periodontitis Patients with Postmenopausal Osteoporosis using Alendronate
(Leyla Kuru, Ebru Rabia Toprakseven, Ülkü Noyan, Tanju Kadir and Bahar Eren Kuru, Department of Periodontology, Dental Faculty, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey, and others)

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