Crude Oils: Production, Environmental Impacts and Global Market Challenges

Claire Valenti (Editor)

Series: Energy Science, Engineering and Technology
BISAC: BUS070040

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The primacy of crude oil as an energy source has provided a platform for social-economic development in most oil producing and consumer nations. Food, housing, transportation, investment services and inflationary trend is largely dependent on the volatility of crude oil prices. The anticipated shift in crude oil demand premised on the United States shale exploitation and the economic pandemonium generated in the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) has re-enacted crude oil pricing as the barometer for global economic trend.

Crude oil exploitation, production, transportation and utilisation processes, however, adversely impact marine and coastal habitats. Pollution and infections attributable to toxic substances from crude oil and its derivatives can have long and short-term health implications on animals and humans. Crude oil dependence is also contributory to global warming and its complications from climate change. This book examines the environmental and global market impact of crude oil production, analyses attempts to curb inherent challenges through energy efficiency and the development of renewable alternative energy sources. (Imprint: Novinka )

Preface

Chapter 1 - Emulsions Produced after Oil Spills: Their Fate in Estuaries and Effects on the Grass Shrimp, Palaemonetes pugio and Blue Crab, Callinectes sapidus (pp. 1-22)
Richard F. Lee, Keith Maruya, Ulrich Warttinger, Karrie Bulski and Anna N. Walker (Skidaway Institute of Oceanography – University of Georgia, Savannah, GA, USA, and others)

Chapter 2 - Improvements in the Testing of Lubricant Oils at Low Temperatures Carried Out by Industrial Laboratories (pp. 23-38)
José-Alberto Maroto-Centeno, Tomás Pérez-Gutiérrez and Manuel Quesada-Pérez (Group of Physics and Chemistry of Linares, Departament of Physics, EPS of Linares, University of Jaén, Linares, Jaén, Spain, and others)

Chapter 3 - The 2008 Oil Price Swing or the Quest for a ‘Smoking Gun’ (pp. 39-70)
Julien Chevallier (IPAG Business School (IPAG Lab), Paris, France)

Chapter 4 - Glycerin from Biodiesel in Poultry Nutrition as an Alternative for Reducing the Environmental Impact (pp. 71-88)
Verônica Maria Pereira Bernardino, Luciana de Paula Naves and Carolina Fontes Prezotto (Federal University of Lavras − UFLA, Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil)

Chapter 5 - Crude Oil Production: Its Environmental and Global Market Impact (pp. 89-100)
Lawrence Atsegbua and Violet Aigbokhaevbo (Faculty of Law, University of Benin, Nigeria)

Chapter 6 - A Fascinating Challenge for Petroleum Industry: New Models for Predicting Fuel Economy Performance of Lubricant Oils Used in Automotive Engines (pp. 101-106)
José-Alberto Maroto-Centeno, Tomás Pérez-Gutiérrez, Luis Fernández-Ruíz-Morón and Manuel Quesada-Pérez (Group of Physics and Chemistry of Linares, Departament of Physics, EPS of Linares, University of Jaén, Linares, Jaén, Spain, and others)

Index

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