Crime and Violence Prevention: Moving Beyond Hot-Stove Policing and Perpetrator Rehabilitation

Myra F. Taylor, PhD (Editor)
School of Psychology and Social Science, Edith Cowan University, Australia

Umneea Khan (Editor)
University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia

Julie Ann Pooley, PhD (Editor)
Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Western Australia, Australia

Series: Law, Crime and Law Enforcement
BISAC: SOC004000

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Why do we need to focus on crime and violence prevention in children, adolescents and young adults? Because it is vital to start when offending behaviours first appear. If we fail to stop initial acts of antisocial tendencies and criminality, then these actions become the staging point for a life-long trajectory into adult crime. Breaking the offending cycle during its early stages is one of the most cost effective ways of building a less violent and crime-ridden future society. The reader might well ask: “How is it possible to break the offending cycle and reduce crime on a local, national and international scale?” The well-worn response has oscillated between the introduction of punitive ‘harsher penalties’ and offender rehabilitation program initiatives.

The choice of which of these two approaches holds sway depends on the political agenda of the government in power. Whilst various aspects of each approach have been successful in deterring crime and violence to some extent, they have not been successful enough, as crime and violence perpetration remains a perplexing social issue. What emanates out of the presented research is the emergence of a third global values-driven educative approach to crime and violence prevention, which is slowly beginning to be implemented. This third approach works by challenging and changing the existing pervasive belief that crime and violence are inevitable. The exciting prospect for governments, police, and criminologists is that it is not prohibitively expensive; it complements the existing punitive and rehabilitative approaches, and it is implementable on an offender-by-offender, family-by-family, community-by-community and society-by-society basis. In this regard, examples of current crime and violence prevention initiatives are presented. The book deems which ones are and are not effective in reducing offenses, as well as introduces the steps being considered to introduce a global values-driven educative approach to crime and violence prevention.

(Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Section One: Introduction

Chapter 1
Crime and Violence Prevention: Steps Towards Building a Less Violent and Less Crime Ridden Future Society
(Myra F. Taylor, Edith Cowan University, Australia)

Section Two: Public Manifestations of Violent Crime

Chapter 2
Violent Assaults: Apprehended Suspects' Mitigating "I'm Not Sure What Happened I was Intoxicated" Response when Questioned by Police about a Glassing, One-Punch Hit, or an Armed/Aggravated Robbery Incident
(Myra F. Taylor, Edith Cowan University, Australia)

Chapter 3
Enhancing Understanding of Glassing Assault Violence through an Analysis of Social Media Responders’ Apportionment of Societal Blame
(Myra F. Taylor and Georgia Carragher, Edith Cowan University, Australia)

Chapter 4
Neighbourhood Violence: An Initial Evaluation of Gatecrashers who Swarm Residential Areas and through Their Unruly Actions cause Parties to go Out-of-Control and Necessitate Police Attendance
(Myra F. Taylor and Umneea Khan, Edith Cowan University, Australia, and the University of Western Australia, Australia)

Section Three: Parental Experiences of Societal Blame

Chapter 5
Mother Blame: The Resilience and Decision-Making Abilities of Mothers with a School-Aged Child who has been Accused of Bullying
(Erin Jarvis and Myra F. Taylor, Edith Cowan University, Australia)

Chapter 6
The Influence of Parent Blame on the Willingness of Parents of Adolescent Offenders to Participate in Court Directed Parenting Programs: A Systematic Review
(Rebecca Eaton and Myra F. Taylor, Edith Cowan University, Australia)

Chapter 7
Adolescent Involvement in Graffiti Crime: Parents Experiences and Perspectives on how They and Society can Work in Tandem to Deter Future Offending
(Myra F. Taylor, Edith Cowan University, Australia)

Chapter 8
There's no Support, it's a Nightmare Trip, but you Cope and you get Through it: Custodial Grandparents’ Experiences of Raising the Child/ren of Their Incarcerated Son/Daughter
(Myra F. Taylor, Ruth Marquis, Rachel Batten and David Coall, Edith Cowan University, Australia)

Section Four: Crime and Violence Prevention Initiatives

Chapter 9
Adolescent-to-Parent Violence: A Review of Professional Responses, the Efficacy of these Responses, and how they are Viewed by Parent-Victims
(Rikki Maynard, David Ryder, and Myra F. Taylor, Edith Cowan University, Australia)

Chapter 10
Childhood Onset Conduct Disorder: Breaking the Cycle of Crime and Violence Early though the Implementation of the Koolkids School-Based Interactive Intervention Program
(Stephen Houghton, Annemaree Carroll, Emma Saunders O'Connor, and Jedda Crow, the University of Western Australia, Australia and the University of Queensland, Australia)

Chapter 11
A Contemporary Review of Childhood Antisocial Behaviour in School Settings
(Emma Saunders O'Connor, Annemaree Carroll, Stephen Houghton, and Caroline Donovan, University of Queensland, Australia, the University of Western Australia, Australia, and Griffith University, Australia)

Chapter 12
Developing a Comprehensive, Evidence-Based Strategy for Violence Prevention: Lessons Learned from Alberta, Canada
(Elizabeth Dozois, Lana Wells, and Claire Crooks, Word on the Street Ltd., the University of Calgary and the University of Western Ontario, Canada)

Chapter 13
I Believe in the Hot Stove Principle of Crime Prevention Policing…Educating Kids if you do the Crime you will get Burnt: Australian Police Intelligence Officers’ Perspectives on Juvenile Crime
(Myra F. Taylor, Edith Cowan University, Australia)

Chapter 14
Prevention of Youth Gang-Related Violence: A Narrative Review
(Damien Williams and Claire Williams, University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, and Tayside National Health System, Scotland)

Chapter 15
Desistence from Criminal Activity and Gang Membership: Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Voices4Perú Sponsored Initiative Club Deportivo Dan
(Michael Antonio, Susan Shutt, and Christopher Przemieniecki, West Chester University, Pennsylvania, USA, and Omega Prime, USA)

Chapter 16
The Effectiveness of Life-Skills Training in Violence Prevention: A Case Study in Mexico
(Susan Pick, Martha Givaudan, and Anna-Emilia Hietanen, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico)

Chapter 17
The Case for Alcohol Outlet Density Controls as a Promising Approach to Prevent Domestic Violence
(Lana Wells, Elena Esina, and Alina Turner, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada)

Chapter 18
Is the Youthful Repurposed Occupation of an Abandoned Swimming Pool an Act of Prosocial Sustainability that Could be Tolerated, or is it a Criminal Act that needs to be Punished?
(Rowena Scott and Myra F. Taylor, Curtin University, Western Australia, and Edith Cowan University, Western Australia)

Section Five: Concluding Thoughts

Chapter 19
Changing Acceptance of the Inevitability of Crime and Violence: An Offender-by-Offender, Family-by-Family, Community-by-Community, and Society-by-Society Strengthening Approach
(Myra F. Taylor, Edith Cowan University, Australia)

Section Six: Acknowledgements and Index

Chapter 20
Editors and Contributors

Index

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