Contemporary Research in Quantum Systems

Zoheir Ezziane (Editor)
The Wharton Entrepreneurship and Family Business Research Centre (University of Pennsylvania),
CERT Technology Park, Abu Dhabi, UAE, and Higher Colleges of Technology, Al Ain, UAE

Series: Physics Research and Technology
BISAC: SCI077000

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Volume 10

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Special issue: Resilience in breaking the cycle of children’s environmental health disparities
Edited by I Leslie Rubin, Robert J Geller, Abby Mutic, Benjamin A Gitterman, Nathan Mutic, Wayne Garfinkel, Claire D Coles, Kurt Martinuzzi, and Joav Merrick

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Quantum field theory represents a theoretical framework that explains the nature and behavior of matter and energy at the atomic and subatomic level, which constructs quantum mechanical models of systems with an infinite number of degrees of freedom. It is also known as the natural language of both particle physics and condensed matter physics.

Quantum theory and Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity provide the foundation for modern physics. The principles of quantum physics are being applied in several areas such as quantum computing and quantum chemistry. During the last twenty years, there have been new developments in quantum computing, and many physicists and computer scientists have focused their interests in this exciting area, which enables quantum systems to process, save and transmit information.

This area, which includes an increasing body of new insights into the basic properties of quantum systems, has inspired many scientists and scholars around the world to conduct research in optical, atomic, molecular and solid state physics. On the other hand, quantum chemistry (QC) (also referred to as quantum computational chemistry) is mainly concerned with the numerical computation of molecular electronic structures using various techniques. It investigates the ground state of atoms/molecules, the excited states, and the transition states that happen during chemical reactions. During the process of calculating molecular properties such as molecular energy, QC explores computations for different molecular geometries. Hence, QC should propose approaches that are both cost effective and reliable.

The book explores the physical meaning and significance of information, and also exhibits the latest and most sophisticated concepts in quantum theory. (Imprint: Nova)

Preface

Chapter 1. Quantum Dots and Wells in External Electromagnetic Field
(N. E. Kaputkina, National University of Science and Technology "MISIS", Moscow, Russia)

Chapter 2. Quantum Interaction Classifications
(Luo Ming-Xing, Qu Zhi-Guo, Chen Xiu-Bo, Yang Yi-Xian and Xiaojun Wang, School of Information Science and Technology, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China and others)

Chapter 3. Noncommutativity and Generalized Uncertainty Principle in Quantum Cosmology
(F. Darabi, Department of Physics, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, Iran)

Chapter 4. A Road to Fractional Quantum Mechanics and Fractal Space-Time via Coarse-Graining and Fractional Differential Calculus
(Guy Jumarie, Department of Mathematics, University of Québec at Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada)

Chapter 5. Quantum Effects through Non-Differentiability of Movement Curves
(M. Agop and M. Teodorescu, Physics Department, Faculty of Machine Manufacturing and Industrial Management, “Gheorghe Asachi” Technical University, Iasi, Romania and others)

Chapter 6. Wave Functions of the Photon in Space and Time
(D.L. Khokhlov, Sumy State University (Retired), Ukraine)

Chapter 7. Establishment of Nonlinear Quantum Mechanics and Changes of Property of Microscopic Particles as well as their Experimental Evidences
(Pang Xiao-Feng, Institute of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China)

Chapter 8. Quantum Tunneling Solution of Localized Matter Waves
(Masahiko Utsuro, Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan)

Chapter 9. Foundations of Quantum Mechanics: Special and General Relativistic Extensions
(L.S.F. Olavo, Universidade de Brasília, Instituto de Física - IFD, Brasília, D.F., Brazil)

Chapter 10. Quantum Mechanics: A New Turn in Probability Theory
(Federico Holik and A. Plastino, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Instituto de Física (IFLP-CCT-CONICET), Plata, Argentina and others)

Index

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