## Details

The problems of one of the basic branches of mathematical statistics – statistical hypotheses testing – are considered in this book. The intensive development of these methods began at the beginning of the last century. The basic results of modern theory of statistical hypotheses testing belong to the cohort of famous statisticians of this period: Fisher, Neyman-Pearson, Jeffreys and Wald (Fisher, 1925; Neyman and Pearson, 1928, 1933; Jeffreys, 1939; Wald, 1947a,b). Many other bright scientists have brought their invaluable contributions to the development of this theory and practice. As a result of their efforts, many brilliant methods for different suppositions about the character of random phenomena are under study, as well as their applications for solving very complicated and diverse modern problems.

Since the mid-1970s, the author of this book has been engaged in the development of the methods of statistical hypotheses testing and their applications for solving practical problems from different spheres of human activity. As a result of this activity, a new approach to the solution of the considered problem has been developed, which was later named the Constrained Bayesian Methods (CBM) of statistical hypotheses testing. Decades were dedicated to the description, investigation and applications of these methods for solving different problems. The results obtained for the current century are collected in seven chapters and three appendices of this book. The short descriptions of existing basic methods of statistical hypotheses testing in relation to different CBM are examined in Chapter One. The formulations and solutions of conventional (unconstrained) and new (constrained) Bayesian problems of hypotheses testing are described in Chapter Two.

The investigation of singularities of hypotheses acceptance regions in CBM and new opportunities in hypotheses testing are presented in Chapter Three. Chapter Four is devoted to the investigations for normal distribution. Sequential analysis approaches developed on the basis of CBM for different kinds of hypotheses are described in Chapter Five. The special software developed by the author for statistical hypotheses testing with CBM (along with other known methods) is described in Chapter Six. The detailed experimental investigation of the statistical hypotheses testing methods developed on the basis of CBM and the results of their comparison with other known methods are given in Chapter Seven. The formalizations of absolutely different problems of human activity such as hypotheses testing problems in the solution – of which the author was engaged in different periods of his life – and some additional information about CBM are given in the appendices.

Finally, it should be noted that, for understanding the materials given in the book, the knowledge of the basics of the probability theory and mathematical statistics is necessary. I think that this book will be useful for undergraduate and postgraduate students in the field of mathematics, mathematical statistics, applied statistics and other subfields for studying the modern methods of statistics and their application in research. It will also be useful for researchers and practitioners in the areas of hypotheses testing, as well as the estimation theory who develop these new methods and apply them to the solutions of different problems.