Conscience of Judges in International Criminal Law: The Heart of Judgements


Series: Criminal Justice, Law Enforcement and Corrections
BISAC: LAW051000; LAW026000

For the author, a judge is a person with a high ethical and moral capacity who respects their position. When we think of a court, we think about a place where we confront the truth, where every single individual, every judge and prosecutor, every victim and witness, and every accused person, offender, and the condemned, come together to reveal the naked truth. The main objective of criminal proceedings is to uphold a pure juridical system with full ethical conscience in order to protect the rights of all individuals, including members of the general public. Judges of criminal courts are required to be independent in order to pursue the truth and uphold judicial conscience, which is itself an institution based on the professional values of criminal justice. A judge with ample judicial conscience should not be afraid of being attacked or losing their position if they work to uphold and uncover the truth. This implies the independent freedom of judicial justice. If justice is safe, then the safety of the victims and the accused will also be guaranteed. That is why confidence in the professional standards of the ethical requirements of judges of national criminal courts or of the International Criminal Court is heavily contingent upon the judges’ honesty, which in turn relates to their practical experiences and ought to be based on the knowledge of the essence of humanity. Professional ethics are particularly vital when evaluating diverse values and the very question of the existence of pluralist systems of national and international criminal justice which deal with core international crimes.

The intention of this work by Malekian is to assess the way in which our administration of national and international criminal justice requires judges to be impartial, pursue the truth, and not be the puppets of ventriloquist politicians.

Table of Contents


About the Author

Chapter I. Professional Responsibility of Judges

Chapter II. Ethical Standards in the International Criminal Court

Chapter III. Evaluation of Justice by Judges

Chapter IV. Legal Validity of Judgements of the International Criminal Court

Chapter V. Judges Performing the International Legal Personality of the ICC

Chapter VI. Qualification of Judges within Different Criminal Jurisdictions

Chapter VII. Autonomy of Judges of International Criminal Courts

Chapter VIII. Limits of Punishments per Human Rights Law

Chapter IX. The Puppets of Ventriloquist Politicians

Chapter X. Conclusion




Additional information



Publish with Nova Science Publishers

We publish over 800 titles annually by leading researchers from around the world. Submit a Book Proposal Now!