Computational Methods in Nuclear Radiation Shielding and Dosimetry


Kulwinder Singh Mann, Ph.D.
Department of Physics, D. A. V. College Bathinda, Punjab, India

V. P. Singh, Ph.D.
Department of Physics, Karnatak University, Dharwad, India

Series: Physics Research and Technology
BISAC: SCI051000

This book is a compilation of the most widely used computational methods and techniques for calculating shielding parameters that are required for radiation-shielding investigations of dosimetric materials. The theoretical, experimental, and simulation methods and their applications are described. The book is divided into thirteen chapters that are arranged in a systematic order and written by experienced scientists and academicians worldwide. The gamma-ray shielding parameter calculations with the Monte Carlo simulation techniques viz. MCNP, GEANT4, FLUKA, and EGS5 codes are illustrated. Descriptions of various software such as XCOM, WinXCom, FLUKA, Phy-X, BMIX, ASFIT, and ANSI are provided. A review of fundamental quantities for calculation of ambient dose, i.e., photon and neutron buildup factors, is presented. A phantom-based computation model has been included to indicate the applications of radiation dosimetry in medical diagnostics. The chapters on computed-tomography (CT) have been included to provide insight into the radiations’ diagnostic capabilities and applications. The shielding effectiveness of some materials such as ignimbrite rocks, amorphous metals, marbles, dosimetric materials, and novel shielding materials have been investigated. The most recent concept of multi-layered shielding and related buildup factors’ influence on the shielding effectiveness is described with a computer program, the RIMP-TOOLKIT. This book is the result of the authors’ hard-work and determination during the worldwide lockdown period caused by the spread of COVID-19. The conclusions presented in this book will be useful in nuclear radiation shielding and for dosimetric purposes. Additionally, this book will be helpful for postgraduate students of physics and chemistry.





Chapter 1. Ripm-Toolkit: A Computer Program to Investigate Double-Layered Gamma-Ray Shielding Enclosures
Sukhmanjit Singh Mann (Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, India, and others) and Kulwinder Singh Mann (Department of Physics, D. A. V. College, Bathinda, Punjab, India)

Chapter 2. Fluka: A Competent Code for Shielding Characteristics
(Amandeep Sharma, Department of Physics, Akal University Talwandi Sabo [Bathinda], Punjab, India)

Chapter 3. Basic Quantities for Photon Shielding Calculations
(Suffian Mohamad Tajudin, School of Medical Imaging, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin [UniSZA], Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia)

Chapter 4. Ambient Dose Buildup Factors
(Oyeleke Olarinoye, Department of Physics, Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria)

Chapter 5. Calculation of Buildup Factors Using Taylor’s Approximation for Multi-Layered Shields
(Nisha Raj, Department of Physics, Government College, Barwala, Panchkula, India)

Chapter 6. Novel Materials for Dosimetry and Shielding Radiation
(Mayra Guadalupe Garcia-Reyna, Hector Rene Vega-Carrillo, Victor Martin-Hernandez Davila, Antonio Baltazar-Raigosa and Maria Del Rosario Martinez-Blanco, Electric Engineering Academic Unit [DITA], University Autonomous of Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Mexico, and others)

Chapter 7. Phantom Based Computational Models for Dose Calculation in Medicine
(Shashi Bala and Ashwani Koul, Department of Biophysics, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India)

Chapter 8. Dosimetry in Computed Tomography
(Joel Vazquez-Bañuelos, Guillermo Eduardo Campillo-Rivera, Claudia Angelica Marquez-Mata, Claudia Villalpando-Hernandez, Angel Garcia-Duran and Hector Rene Vega-Carrillo, Doctoral Programme in Engineering and Applied Technology Academic Unit of Electrical Engineering, Autonomous University of Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Mexico, and others)

Chapter 9. Dosimetry in the Area of Dentistry
(Guillermo Eduardo Campillo-Rivera, Joel Vazquez-Bañuelos, Claudia Villalpando-Hernandez, Claudia Angelica Marquez-Mata, Angel Garcia-Duran, Eduardo Medrano-Cortes, Hector Rene Vega-Carrillo, Doctorate Program in Engineering and Applied Technology, Electrical Engineering Academic Unit, Autonomous University of Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Mexico, and others)

Chapter 10. Evaluation of Some Ignimbrite Rocks as Gamma Radiation Shielding Material: A Fluka Simulation Study
(E. Kavaz, M. Dal, Z. Kuluöztürk and N. Demir, Department of Physics, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey, and others)

Chapter 11. Investigation of Gamma-Ray Shielding Parameters of Marbles
(Nilgün Demir, Zehra Nur Kuluöztürk, Murat Dal and Bünyamin Aygün, Department of Physics, Bursa Uludağ University, Bursa, Turkey, and others)

Chapter 12. Radiation Shielding Characteristics of Bulk Amorphous Metals for Gamma Rays, Charged and Uncharged Particles
(Ufuk Perişanoğlu, Department of Physics, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey)

Chapter 13. Detection Features of Borate-Based Thermoluminescent Dosimeters
(Carina Oliva Torres-Cortes, Hector Rene Vega-Carrillo, Antonio Baltazar-Raigosa and Luis Hernandez-Adame, Doctoral Program in Engineering and Applied Technology, Academic Unit of Electrical Engineering, Autonomous University of Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Zacatecas, Mexico)

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